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netezza resume Resume of Candidate: PEN177. Over 30 years as a DBA of which the last 20 years have been with NETEZZA and DB2 LUW. Has performed work in all phases of a project including: • performance tuning at the application and database level. • proof of concept with NETEZZA. • migrating from essay 2012 DB2 to NETEZZA.
• installing and configuring DB2 LUW (Unix and a descriptive in which an outline of an, Windows) and africa, DB2 (mainframe) • experience with data warehousing and VLDB (Very Large Databases) UNIX ORACLE 8 Storage Structures. SUMMARY OF TECHNICAL SKILLS. HARDWARE: IBM P-SERIES. STORAGE AREA NETWORK (SAN) SUN SOLARIS 8, 9 (KORN SHELL) OS/VS/MVS/XA, OS 390, Z/OS (PARALLEL SYSPLEX)
ISPF DIALOG MANAGER. NETEZZA – PUREDATA FOR ANALYTICS. DB2 LUW (VERSION 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.1, 10.5) DB2 LUW PURESCALE / PUREDATA FOR TRANSACTIONS. DB2 LUW ESE WITH DATABASE PARTITIONING (MPP) DB2 Z/OS (VERSION 7 WITH DATA SHARING) ORACLE 8 (ACADEMIC) DATA MODELLING TOOLS: Infosphere Data Architect.
BACHMAN FOR DB2. DATA MODELING TECHNIQUES: THIRD NORMAL FORM (Entity Relationship), STAR and SNOWFLAKE schemas (DIMENSIONAL MODELING) Subject Matter Expert. Advisor / SME/ DBA. DB2 MPP Data Warehouse.
University of Ottawa 2011 2 months DB2 Migration Expert. MPP Data Base Architect – MPP Performance Expert. Data Propagator expert. • Plan and install DB2 PureScale. • Make recommendations for server architecture (CPUs, memory, disk, network) of Members and essay, Caching Facility. • Work with UNIX administrators on configuration of CPU, disks, file systems, memory. • Create cluster file systems from raw disks for database and logs. • Supported / mentored / advised CBSA team on DB2 Pure Scale. • Perform high availability / failover tests.
• Performance testing, monitoring and tuning. • Create and configure MDM database. • Architecting CDC which is used to propagate database changes from DB2 Pure Scale to the CBSA Data Warehouse. • Planning and installation of Optim Performance Manager on africa essay contest 2012, PureScale. • Configure PureScale to do backups and log archiving using TSM. • Perform database restores and recoveries on PureScale using TSM. • Write and implement Linux database backup scripts for PureScale. • Write and implement Linux database monitoring/alerting scripts for mormon essay PureScale. • Resolve performance issues.
• Created DB2 Pure Scale Installation Guide. DB2 10.5 FP 5 (Pure Scale) IBM Data Studio. IBM InfoSphere Optim Performance Manager. CDC (Change Data Capture) LINUX Redhat 6.5. COMPANY: La Capitale Insurance (Quebec, Quebec) • verify if Netezza best practices are being followed. • work with architects and review the logical data model. • review the physical data model and make recommendations for improvement (denormalization, proper distribution of data across data slices, co- location and africa contest, other techniques) • implementation of Cluster Based Tables and Materialized Views. • analysis Explain plans for problem SQL. • analysis of zone maps.
• improve performance of queries (some queries went from execution time of several hours to seconds) • review the a bad influence essay, entire ETL process and make recommendations for improvement. • identify in-house DBA skills which were lacking or needed to be improved on. Red Hat Linux, IBM PureData, IBM Netezza. Netezza 6+1 S-Blades. Netezza Performance Server (NPS) 7.0.4, LINUX. Netezza Performance Portal.
Aginity Workbench for contest PureData System for Analytics. State of Connecticut. • Provide DB2 support for a team of over 50 developers. • Work with managers and architects on coordinator rsm, defining requirements and advising on best DB2 solutions / practices. • Collaborate with LINUX administrators on defining server requirements. • Use Erwin to review and africa contest, make changes to the data model. • Plan and execute database schema changes. • Upgrade DB2 10.1 to 10.5 FP 5 with PureScale. • Configure/optimize database manager, database and DB2 registry. • Configuration of essay honest person, Buffer Pools. • Create and configure instances (including DB2 Pure Scale instances) • Design and essay contest, implement tables and indexes.
• Design and implement foreign keys. • Design and implement Columnar Tables using DB2’s BLU acceleration. • Monitoring of instances and databases for performance, locking and other issues. • Analysis of access paths and mormon essay, tuning of SQL. • Create scripts for backups (Full, Incremental and africa, Delta), alerting and art compare and contrast, reports. • Perform backups and recoveries at the database level and table space level.
• Perform database restores including redirected restores from on-line backups. • Reorgs / Runstats / Reorg Check / Data Movement using Load, db2move, ADMIN_COPY_SCHEMA. • Review Stored Procedures and essay, make / implement recommendations to improve performance. • Set up Work Load Manager to control locking issues and mormon essay, run-away queries. • Advocate and implement best practices for africa essay contest statistics gathering, reorgs and backups. • Give training/courses to is television a bad influence application developers on SQL performance tuning. • Enforce best practices for africa essay 2012 database security. • Configure Federated server and data sources (WRAPPER, MAPPING, NICKNAME, etc.) • Investigated and resolved DB2 server/database issues. DB2 10.1 and 10.5 (Pure Scale)
IBM Data Studio. IBM InfoSphere Optim Performance Manager. • Make recommendations for write a descriptive essay in which you give an outline of an person server architecture (CPUs, memory, disk, network) • Create a plan for the migration of a single partition database to africa essay contest a 16+1 partition database. • Work with UNIX administrators on is television a bad influence essay, configuration of CPU, disks, file systems, memory. • Determine which tables to replicate and which to hash. • Review data model and africa essay 2012, determine Hash Keys. • Determine which tables are multi-partition and which are single-partition. • Determine which single-partition tables to mormon essay Replicate (based on queries with table joins) • Determine Distribution Keys (Partition Key) for africa essay 2012 partitioned tables.
• Work with IBM on a proof of influence essay, concept to africa contest 2012 establish/validate performance improvements of master rsm, Netezza versus DB2 MPP. • Establish and document functional differences between Netezza and DB2 MPP. • Load tables using nzload and africa contest 2012, compare times with DB2 load. • Run resource intensive queries on essay, Netezza and compare times with DB2. • Explaining of queries and review access plans. • Convert DB2 DDL to Netezza DDL. • Creation of contest, hundreds of tables and other Netezza objects. • Design Netezza Distribution keys for master coordinator rsm DB2 single partition tables.
• Develop and africa 2012, test data migration scripts which pipe DB2 data and load this data on Netezza using nzload. • Use the above scripts to you give an outline person migrate the entire DB2 data warehouse to Netezza. • Use nzadmin and nzhw to monitor / manage NZ SPUs/Disks. • Design and 2012, implementation of Netezza tables ensuring proper data distribution and co-location of data for queries. • Design of thesis coordinator rsm, table columns ensuring that Netezza Zone Maps are used. • Design of Netezza Clustered Based Tables and essay contest, Materialized views. • Establish Referential Integrity to improve query performance. • Manage NZ objects using nzadmin. • Using nzload load NZ tables with massive amounts of data and validate performance of newly designed / modified tables. • Grooming of tables and generating statistics. • Analysis of of kublai khan, access paths and tuning of africa 2012, SQL / NZSQL and/or redesign tables.
• Code, test and troubleshoot procedures using NZSQL and LINUX scripting. • Backup and essay of kublai khan, restore of Netezza databases using nzbackup (Full, Cumulative, Differential, Schema Only) and nzrestore (entire database and table. • Using nz_migrate migrate database table(s) from africa essay 2012 one NPS server to another. • Configure ODBC/JDBC drivers. • Advocate and implement “Best Practices” for statistics gathering, reorgs and backups. • Advise, mentor and mormon essay, lead other DBAs in africa 2012 the group on Netezza technology. • Work with Data Modelers and Enterprise Architect. • Work with ETL Developers on cloning essay against, changing strategy from ETL to ELT. • Review data models for the Atomic Data Warehouse, Mining Mart and Reporting Mart and make recommendations for improvement. • Using Aginity Workbench create Netezza databases, make DDL changes. • Using Aginity Workbench Explain SQL and make changes to africa contest 2012 the Netezza databases to is television a bad influence improve performance.
• Encryption of data. • Configure Federated server and data sources (WRAPPER, MAPPING, NICKNAME, etc.) • Upgrade DB2 9.5 to 9.7. • Configure/optimize database manager, database and 2012, DB2 registry. • Configuration of Buffer Pools. • Create and configure instances. • Create and essay an outline of an honest person, configure databases. • Design of tables and indexes. • Design and implement MQTs (Materialized Query Table) • Design and implement MDC (Multi-Dimension Clustering) tables. • Monitoring production databases for performance and other issues.
• Perform backups and recoveries at africa contest the database level and is television essay, tablespace level. Red Hat Linux, IBM PureData, IBM Netezza. Netezza 6+1 S-Blades (96 CPUs, 96 SPUs, 96 FPGAs, 240 Data Slices, 64 Terabytes) Netezza Performance Server (NPS) 7.0.4, LINUX. Netezza Performance Portal.
Aginity Workbench for PureData System for Analytics. TSM (used for NZ backups and restores) IBM Data Studio. IBM Design Studio. IBM InfoSphere Data Architect. IBM InfoSphere Optim Performance Manager. Change Data Capture.
SPARC Enterprise M9000, 32 CPU. COMPANY: University of africa contest, Ottawa (Ottawa, Ontario) • review current environment and recommend server architecture on AIX. • make recommendations for partitioning/parallelism. • capacity planning at art compare essay OS level (disk space, CPUs) • design of file systems and maximizing of striping. • instance and database creation. • database manager configuration. • tablespace and buffer configuration. • mentor team members and oversee activities.
• support team members for complex problem resolution. • preparation of Federated objects. • preparation of DB2 Audits. • DB2 monitoring and africa essay, resolving performance issues. • oversee activities pertaining to ongoing replication of data from mainframe to AIX. • preparation of backup and cloning essay against, restore scripts. ENVIRONMENT: MVS, Z/OS, DB2 V9.1, DB2 Connect, Distributed Data Facility (DDF), AIX 5.3, DB2 V9.7, db2mon, db2top, nmon. COMPANY: Aetna Insurance (Hartford, Connecticut) • Review physical data models and make detailed recommendations for optimization.
• Review the DB2 setup at the OS level (file systems, striping, etc.) and identify problems and make recommendations for improvement. • Make best practices recommendations for use of africa essay contest 2012, DB2 V9 features (table/range partitioning, row compression, self tuning memory, MQTs, MDCs, Statistical Views, etc.) • Database performance tuning through database physical design, configurations and thesis rsm, implementations of MQTs, MDCs, database and table. partitioning, indexing and related settings. • SQL analysis and africa essay contest, tuning of influence essay, complex queries (includes rewriting the SQL and/or tuning the database) • Resolve problems / issues. • Performance monitoring of the africa, servers and art compare and contrast essay, DB2. • Database development using system development life cycle (SDLC) approach. • Use of DB2 Advisors.
• Provide DB2 LUW related technical expertise to the development team. • Advise Data Architects on issues/questions. • Review the ETL and make recommendations for improvement. • Design and essay 2012, create Tables, Table Spaces, Indexes, etc. • Migration of DDL from Dev to Prod. • Review the essay against, DB2 instance setup, make recommendations for contest improvement and implement. • Review the database configuration , make recommendations for improvement and a bad, implement. • Create/modify DB maintenance scripts. • Create/modify DB Alert and Health scripts.
ENVIRONMENT: The production environment consisted of the africa essay, main data warehouse database (see below) and 3 Data Mart databases. DPF - 21 AIX P595 servers (114 CPUs, 1 Terabyte memory, 50 Terabyte disk) DB2 LUW V9.5 / V9.7 (with DPF - 114 DB partitions), MDC, MQT, Range Partitioning, Statistical Views, Data Stage, Business Objects, db2mon, db2top, nmon, Workload Manager, IBM Data Studio, Infosphere Data Architect. COMPANY: Blue Cross Blue Shield - Wellmark (Des Moines, Iowa) analysts on the development of the Integrated Data Store.
As a DB2 architect / DB2 performance Expert the following activities were performed for essay of kublai khan this Insurance company in this Data Warehousing arena: • Review the physical data model and make detailed recommendations for essay its optimization. • Review the DB2 setup at a bad the OS level (file systems, BCU, striping, etc.) and identify problems and make recommendations for improvement. • Make best practices recommendations for use of africa essay 2012, DB2 V9 features (table/range partitioning, row compression, self tuning memory, MQTs, MDCs, Statistical Views, etc.) • Database performance tuning through database physical design, configurations and implementations of of kublai, MQTs, MDCs, database and table. partitioning, indexing and related settings. • SQL analysis and tuning of complex queries which the in-house DBAs were unable to tune (includes rewriting the contest 2012, SQL and/or tuning the write in which an outline honest, database) • Resolve problems / issues which the in-house DBAs were unable to. • Performance monitoring of the server and essay contest, DB2. • Database development using system development life cycle (SDLC) approach. • Use of DB2 Advisors. • Recommend and configure Workload Manager (previously Query Patroller and is television a bad influence essay, DB2 Governor) • Provide DB2 LUW related technical expertise to africa essay contest the development team. • Mentoring and leading of the corporate DBAs.
• Advise Data Architects on essay, issues/questions. • Review the ETL and contest 2012, make recommendations for improvement. • Review the DB2 instance setup, make recommendations for improvement and implement. • Review the database configuration , make recommendations for improvement and implement. • DB maintenance scripts – determine what is need and recommend. • Alert and Health scripts – determine what is need and a descriptive you give of an honest person, recommend.
DPF - 2 servers (40 CPUs, 80 GB memory - 10 DB partitions) • M4000 - Coordinator/Catalog server (8 CPUs, 16 GB memory - 2 DB partitions) • M5000 - Data Server (32 CPUs, 64 GB memory - 8 DB partitions) DB2 V9.5 (with DPF), MDC, MQT, Range Partitioning, Statistical Views, Data Stage, Business Objects, Solaris 10, Netbackup, db2mon, db2top, Workload Manager.
IBM Data Studio. the Corporate DW Architect, Business Analyst and the DW production DBAs. • Review the physical data model (snowflake schema) of this 10 tera-byte database (largest fact table contained over 3 billion rows) already deployed. in production and make detailed recommendations for its optimization. • Challenge IBM regarding its previous efforts with performance and set-up of DB2.
• Produce a high level architecture report for management outlying observations and recommendations and best practices. • Make recommendations for use of new DB2 V9 features (table/range partitioning, row compression, self tuning memory, MQTs, MDCs, etc.) • Database performance tuning through database physical design, configurations and essay contest 2012, implementations of MQTs, MDCs, database and table. partitioning, indexing and related settings. • Review the master, DBM and DB setup, the ETL (Informatica) processes and make/implement recommendations to improve performance and identify. • SQL analysis and tuning (ad hoc queries were generated by contest Business Objects) • Performance monitoring (CPU, disk I/O waits, locking, etc.) • Installation of DB2 V9 on write a descriptive essay in which you give, new servers and migration of DB2 V8 database to V9. • Installation of Fix Packs. • Work with OS sysadmin and make recommendations for essay DB2 file systems and art compare, BCU set-up. • Creation and configuration of instance and database. • Perform Backups and Restores. • Database development using system development life cycle (SDLC) approach. • Use of DB2 Advisors.
• Use of Query Patroller and DB2 Governor. • Review the production environment and make recommendations to automate the maintenance and monitoring of DB2 and the warehouse. • Provide DB2 LUW related technical expertise to the development team. • Mentoring of africa, Production DBAs. The purpose of master thesis rsm, this project was to design and develop a combined fact table (snowflake schema) from the africa, above warehouse which is to be queried by. hundreds of users using an OLAP tool (NovaView).
The queries are ad hoc and random. Using MQTs, MDCs and cloning against, other DB2 features query response time. was improved from 100 to 1000 times compared to normal indexing. Many queries which took 1 hour to run would now run in 3 seconds or less. The user. experience was to query the fact tables using an africa essay OLAP tool and having OLTP response times. Designed the ETL for the combined fact table including the refreshing of the MQTs. BCU MPP - 5 servers (20 CPUs - 17 DB partitions) Eserver 326m, AMD64 DS4300/DS4800. 1 server used as the Admin. -Catalog node and the other 4 servers as database partition nodes.
DB2 LUW V8 (with DPF) V9 (with DPF) DB2 Query Patroller, DB2 Governor. DB2 Data Warehouse Edition (DB2 DWE) Version 9.1.1. Linux (Redhat), Netbackup. This 5-terabyte data warehouse / data mart will contain 5 years of operational data.
It consisted of cloning essay, 325 tables. The largest table was 1.8 billion rows - 500. • plan and install DB2 ESE. • plan, install, configure and administer DB2 Query Patroller. • plan and essay contest, install DB2 Fix Packs. • convert non-partitioned instances to partitioned (Dev and Pre-Prod) and create a partitioned instance in mormon essay Prod. • configure / tune instances for africa essay contest 2012 best performance (Sort Heap, FCM Buffers, etc.) • created partitioned databases in Dev, Pre-Prod and Prod. • configure / tune databases for best performance (TSM, Logs, Buffer pools, IO Servers, etc.) • work with the UNIX administrator to design file systems which will maximize striping of Table Spaces. • make use of the master rsm, DB2 Configuration Advisor and the DB2 Design Advisor.
• create SMS and DMS table spaces (Regular, System Temp and User Temp) • make recommendations for africa contest partitioning of tables, MDC (Multi-Dimensional Clustering) tables and Replicated MQTs (Materialized Query Table) • perform SQL reviews, run Explains and influence, make recommendations. • performance monitoring and tuning using VMSTAT, IOSTAT, TOPAS, snapshot monitor and the event monitor. • perform online and essay 2012, offline database and table space backups (Full, Incremental and art compare and contrast essay, Delta) and africa, write scripts for backups. • restore multi-partitioned databases and table spaces and Roll Forward. • perform re-directed restores of partitioned databases from essay of kublai khan one server to another.
• create/maintain UNIX scripts which do monitoring, alerts, etc. • research, recommend and implement DB2 features which reduce maintenance costs and DB2 outage and improve performance. • provided technical direction and support for the development team. • produce technical documentation in order to facilitate DBA maintenance. • problem determination and resolution. • work with the DBA team and africa contest 2012, architect to develop best practices for master thesis coordinator instances, databases, backups, etc. • mentoring of essay 2012, junior DBA's.
• provide on-call production support. Data Warehouse: 1 P570 with 8 CPUs (64-bit) each and a bad, 46.5 Gig of memory, Data Marts : 1 P570 with 4 CPUs (64-bit) each and 16 Gig of africa essay, memory. AIX 5.2, DB2 8.2 (FixPak 14) 64 bit with Database Partitioning Feature (DPF), DB2 Data Warehouse Edition 9.1.1, DB2 Query Patroller.
2 instances / 2 databases. Support on other Environments. Number of mormon essay, servers supported: 37. Number of instances supported: 40. Number of databases supported: 71. COMPANY: Canadian National Railway (Montreal, Quebec) This 3-terabyte warehouse will contain 7 years of operational data when fully populated. • design and implement MDC (Multi-Dimensional Clustering) tables.
• design and implement replicated MQTs (Materialized Query Table) • created fact tables and dimension tables. • creation and use of User Temp Tables. • analysis and implementation and promotion of 2012, DDL across environments. • implementation of User Defined Functions. • implementation and tuning of stored procedures. • perform SQL reviews, run Explains, make and implement recommendations. • performance monitoring and cloning against, tuning using NMON, Quest Central and the event monitor.
• exporting/importing/loading of tables. • perform backups and restores on single and multi-partitioned databases. • create/maintain UNIX scripts which do exports, imports, reorgs, monitoring, backups, alerts, etc. • design a strategy which will automatically roll off partitions of essay contest, range-partitioned tables and implement the strategy using a stored procedure. • problem determination and resolution. ENVIRONMENT: Production: 2 P570s with 8 CPUs (64-bit) each and 32 Gig of write in which an outline of an person, memory each. AIX 5.3, NMON, HADR, Data Propagator, Quest Central for DB2.
DB2 8.2 (FixPak 11) 64 bit with Database Partitioning Feature (DPF) Development - 3 instances, 3 databases. Unit and acceptance testing - 10 instances, 12 databases. Production - 6 instances, 6 databases. COMPANY: Royal Canadian Mounted Police - RCMP (Ottawa, Ontario) As a DBA, the following activities were performed: • create databases, bufferpools, tablespaces, tables, indexes, primary keys, foreign keys; • using Explain examine access plans and tune SQL queries; • unloading and loading of tables; • provide production support; • transfer of knowledge/training/mentoring in-house DBA's; • provide guideance to developers regarding data base access issues. • trouble-shoot and resolve performance issues; • provide techincal guidance and support to the development team; • resolve DB2 Connect issues; • creation of data base objects; • exporting and importing/loading of data. • trouble-shoot and resolve performance issues; • provide techincal guidance and support to the development team; • resolve DB2 Connect issues. • install DB2 Clients.
ENVIRONMENT: IBM P-Series, Sun Fire (High Availability Cluster), AIX 5.2, Solaris 8, Solaris 9, DB2 LUW EEE 7, DB2 LUW ESE 8.1, Storage Area Network (SAN), Hummingbird Connectivity, PuTTY, Korn shell, Replication Center, Task Center, Control Center, Command Center, Configuration Assistant, Health Center, DB2 Connect, OMEGAMON XE,
Tivoli Storage Manager, MVS, Z/OS (Parallel Sysplex), DB2 V7 (Data Sharing), RC/Query, RC/Migrator, RC/Update, Database Analyzer, Log Analyzer, DB2 Connect, Distributed Data Facility (DDF) COMPANY: Tech Data (Clearwater, Florida) • install Siebel Tools, Siebel Database Server, Siebel Client, Siebel Patches; • perform Siebel Repository Migration (Imprep/Exprep) across development and contest 2012, production environments; • perform a study on the current DB2 production environment and make recommendations to improve performance; • using Snapshot, Event Monitor and Quest Central monitor SQL and of kublai khan, data base objects for africa contest 2012 performance and locking issues; • monitor CPU utilization, memory use, disks I/O rates, etc; • monitor and manage table space growth; • SQL and Explain Plan analysis and tuning and write in which, index design (query response time was decreased by contest 2012 up to cloning essay 170 times); • tuning of africa essay contest, instance and you give an outline person, database; • create and execute (Korn Shell) scripts to monitor DB2 and produce database metrics (ex. transaction response times); • problem determination and contest 2012, resolution; • perform backups, reorgs, runstats, recoveries; • exporting and loading of tables; • gave DB2 training, presentations, mentoring and support to mormon essay internal DBA group (5 DBA’s); • advise and provide guidance to management on best practices. ENVIRONMENT: IBM pSeries – AIX, Korn shell, Siebel, Quest Central, NMON, Foglight. COMPANY: Royal Canadian Mounted Police - RCMP (Ottawa, Ontario) Canadian Police Information System. Availability (Hot Standby Failover) on Sun Clusters; • install DB2 LUW ESE binaries on africa contest 2012, each node; • install Fix Packs; • instance creation and database creation on global shared disks; • configure and write a descriptive of an honest, setup Tivoli Storage Manager (TSM) and enable DB2 to use TSM for archiving of essay 2012, logs and for backups and recovery of databases; • migration of cloning against, databases, tables, indexes, etc. from 2012 old servers to influence essay new servers; • install DB2 Clients on essay, Windows work stations; • upgrade the Development environment from DB2 LUW V7 to DB2 LUW V8.1; • creating and droping instances; • create admin server; • Install and evaluate OMEGAMON XE; • resolve Java application database performance issues; • create databases, bufferpools, tablespaces, tables, indexes, primary keys, foreign keys; • create, maintain and execute scripts (Korn shell) for backup, reorg, runstats, etc; • perform failover testing; • using Snapshot, Event Monitor, Omegamon XE monitor applications and resolve performance and locking contention issues; • using Explain examine access plans and tune SQL queries; • configure instances and databases for optimal performance; • exporting and loading of tables; • configure and a bad, use Heath Center to monitor database objects; • plan, install and configure DB2 Connect Enterprise Edition on various Unix servers; • provide production support; • transfer of knowledge/training/mentoring in-house DBA's; • provide guideance to developers regarding data base access issues.
Storage Area Network (SAN), Solaris 8, Solaris 9, AIX 5.2, Hummingbird Connectivity, PuTTY, Korn shell, Control-M, DB2 LUW EEE 7, DB2 LUW ESE 8.1, DB2 Connect, Replication Center, Task Center, Control Center, Command Center, Configuration Assistant, Health Center, Tivoli Storage Manager.
Data Warehouse / Data Mart. warehouse. The hardware used was essentially 4 P575’s with 8 CPUs each to store the partitioned tables and a P520 which was used as the catalog. partition and to store the non-partitioned tables. Essay. The Fast Communication Manager (FCM) took advantage of a 2 Gigabit Ethernet network to. communicate across the nodes. • exporting of data; • execution of queries (Query Patroller was used to a bad essay manage concurrency); • backups/restores using Tivoli Storage Manager; • a fifth P575 was added increasing the number of partitions from 32 to contest 2012 40 and essay you give of an honest, scalability performance tests were made; • failover testing using HACMP; • implementation of contest 2012, Java Stored Procedures and testing of BRIO and Business Objects; • Informatica was used to test ETL. ENVIRONMENT: IBM pSeries – AIX 5.2,
DB2 LUW ESE 8.2 with Data Partitioning, Tivoli Storage Manager. • establish DB2 LUW/DB2 bidirectional connectivity between AIX and remote servers; • 3 tier setup of Data Propagator; • register/subscribe tables, configure, stress test, monitor and troubleshoot Data Propagator; • make recommendations on is television influence essay, configuration of Data Propagator and DB2 LUW; • space management, Runstats, Backups, Reorgs; • configure instance and data base for optimal performance; • configure and use Heath Center to monitor database objects; • transfer of knowledge/training of in-house DBA's. PuTTY, Korn shell, Replication Center, Task Center,
Control Center, Command Center, Configuration Assistant, Health Center, COMPANY: CIGNA (Bloomfield, Connecticut) CIGNA HealthCare provides medical insurance coverage through managed care and 2012, indemnity programs to approximately 14.3 million people, dental. coverage to thesis coordinator rsm approximately 13 million and mental health coverage to approximately 14million. The company employs some 30,000 professionals. database system consists of over 600 tables and the largest table in production contains over 2 billion rows. • using ERWIN convert the logical model to the physical model; • design and document a clustering and africa essay contest 2012, partitioning strategy which would allow for maximum exploitation of parallelism and scalability; • design partitioned and non-partitioned tables and cloning essay against, indexes; • using ERWIN complete object definitions and generate DDL; • create and maintain 8 test environments across 6 DB2 subsystems; • perform database sizing and space management activities; • set up and implement STORAGE GROUPS, TABLE SPACES, TABLES, INDEXES; • granting of privileges; • design and implement an image copy / recovery strategy for the warehouse; • set up and maintain procedures for essay contest backup and mormon essay, perform backups; • perform recoveries of africa essay contest 2012, tables and rebuilding of of kublai, indexes; • performance monitoring using OMEGAMON and STROBE.
• tuning at the database and application level. • creation and 2012, tuning of master coordinator rsm, indexes; • SQL tuning (using the essay contest 2012, EXPLAIN statement and the PLAN table analyze access paths and optimize queries); • Tablespace and Index Reorgs; • resolve contention and locking problems; • resolve BMC load and other utility issues; • resolve Data Propagator issues; • benchmark performance and functionality of thesis, BMC load utility versus IBM load; • unloading / loading of tables; • configure DB2 Connect; • setup ODBC connectivity to the mainframe which enable queries to africa contest 2012 execute from the PC using Microsoft Access; • develop DBA tools which accelerate the productivity and is television influence, quality of essay contest, DBA work; • training, mentoring and leading other DBAs; • provide technical support and mentoring for the development team; • interfacing and master coordinator, communicating with the africa essay contest 2012, managers of the mormon essay, project; • prepare DBA production release plans and coordinate with production DBA; • keep a pulse on issues / problems arising from africa contest production and proactively seek / provide solutions which will prevent future occurrences; • provide production support. ENVIRONMENT: IBM 3090 - OS 390. DB2 (version 7 with Data Sharing), SQL, SPUFI, DCLGEN, DB2 UTILITIES, BMC UTILITIES, DB2 DATA PROPAGATOR, DB2 CANDLE DB/WORKBENCH, OMEGAMON II FOR DB2, STROBE,
VSAM, FILE-AID, SMS, ODBC, MICROSOFT ACCESS. of Merck, the pharmaceutical giant). The database has 16 tables with the largest one containing 2.5 billion rows. • logical data modeling; • physical modeling (design partitioned and essay, non-partitioned tables, indexes, etc.) ; • perform database sizing and space management activities; • set up and implement STORAGE GROUPS, TABLE SPACES, TABLES, INDEXES for the test and 2012, production environments; • plan and execute initial loads for the test and is television influence, production environments; • wrote a DB2 COBOL program which was used to determine which partition to load during the africa essay contest, production bi-weekly auto-loads; • using the write a descriptive in which you give an outline of an honest person, EXPLAIN statement and the PLAN table analyze access paths and optimize queries; • plan and set up procedures for essay contest backup an recovery; • prepare and in which you give person, execute the following utilities: LOAD, REORG, IMAGE COPY, QUIESCE, RECOVER, RUNSTATS, MODIFY, etc.; • support members of the team for all database and SQL related problems; • verify all SQL access paths before the 2012, final move of the application to production; • granting of essay, privileges to various DB2 groups; • provide production support. ENVIRONMENT: IBM 3090 - OS 390. DB2 (version 6), SQL, SPUFI, DCLGEN, DB2 UTILITIES, BMC UTILITIES, OMEGAMON II FOR DB2, RACF, TSO/ISPF, VSAM,
FILE-AID, FILE-AID FOR DB2. ARCHIMEDES DATA WAREHOUSE. consistent reporting for internal and external customers. This system was developed in DB2 LUW version 6 (Universal Database EEE). It consisted of 28. Solaris processors and 4 database partitions.
It made use of africa, DB2 LUW’s Inter and Intra partitioning and essay against, query parallelism. The tables in this system. consisted of several hundred million rows each. Africa Essay Contest. As a DBA for this project the following activities were performed: • determine causes for mormon essay performance degradation and outline and implement a plan which would resolve these problems. • create and configure databases. • configuring of essay contest 2012, log files. • create SMS and DMS table spaces. • prepare, execute and schedule scripts which perform RUNSTATS and REORGs of master coordinator, tables. • prepare and execute scripts to 2012 IMPORT, EXPORT and LOAD tables. • copy tables from one database to another. • analyze system configuration parameters (buffer pools, locking, etc.) and make recommendations; • using the EVENT MONITOR and essay of kublai, the SNAPSHOT MONITOR determine causes for performance issues; • using VISUAL EXPLAIN determine the access paths for africa essay contest problem SQL; • tune SQL by influence reducing joins, eliminating table space scans and making better use of indexes; • add / modify indexes and implement online index reorganizations in order to maximize performance; • prepare, execute and schedule scripts which perform online and offline BACKUPs of table spaces and databases; • RESTORE and contest 2012, ROLL-FORWARD of table spaces and databases.
• using the Client Configuration Assistant, enable data manipulation of the essay, tables via Microsoft ACCESS. ENVIRONMENT: UNIX (SUN SOLARIS), WINDOWS NT, UNIVERSAL DATABASE (DB2 LUW) EEE, SQL, ERWIN, TCP/IP. data on the mainframe via DB2 CONNECT. This client-server system is composed of essay contest, 100 DB2 tables. The data is accessed by 150 users from Montreal, Quebec city and Three-Rivers. following activities were performed: • set up and implement STORAGE GROUPS, DATABASES, TABLE SPACES, TABLES, INDEXES, VIEWS for various test environments, a performance. environment, a training environment and the production environment; • using OMEGAMON, monitor and resolve database performance and contention problems; • using the EXPLAIN statement and the PLAN table analyze access paths and mormon essay, optimize SQL; • migration of africa essay contest, databases from one environment to another; • perform database sizing and space management activities; • plan and set up procedures for essay of kublai khan backup and recovery; • plan and 2012, participate in disaster / recovery simulations; • prepare and execute the following utilities: LOAD, REORG, IMAGE COPY, QUIESCE, RECOVER, RUNSTATS, MODIFY, etc.; • binding of cloning against, PLANS and PACKAGES on africa essay, PC’s and the mainframe; • set up procedures and standards for binding of PLANS and PACKAGES; • define STORED PROCEDURES to the DB2 sub-systems; • set the DB2 Communication database to verify “come from” checking of users from LU’s (gateways); • grant and a bad influence essay, revoke privileges to secondary authorization id’s for STORAGE GROUPS, DATABASES, TABLESPACES,TABLES, PLANS, PACKAGES and.
• install the REFERENTIAL INTEGRITY and analyze and africa essay contest, resolve data integrity problems; • support members of the team for and contrast essay all database and africa essay, SQL related problems; • verify all SQL access paths before the final move of the application to production; • provide production support; • make and follow up on recommendations to the system DBA’s in New York relating to the definition of the DB2 subsystems (locking and idle time. out parameters, DB2 logs, stored procedures, etc.). ENVIRONMENT: WINDOWS NT, UNIVERSAL DATABASE (DB2 LUW), IBM 3090 - DB2, CLIENT-SERVER, DDF, SQL, SPUFI, QMF, DCLGEN, DB2 UTILITIES, DB2 COMMANDS, OMEGAMON II FOR DB2, PLATINUM FOR DB2, TCP/IP, NETBIOS, SNA GATEWAY,
VTAM, LU6.2, DB2 FOR WINDOWS, DB2 CONNECT, TOP SECRET, OS 390, TSO/ISPF, VSAM, FILE-AID. YEAR OF MANDATE: 1997 - 1998. • using OMEGAMON, monitor and khan, resolve database performance and contention problems; • using the EXPLAIN statement and the PLAN table analyze access paths and optimize SQL; • estimate and essay, manage space required for TABLE SPACES and INDEXES; • plan and set up procedures for backup an cloning essay recovery; • prepare and execute JCL to LOAD, REORG, IMAGE COPY, QUIESCE, RECOVER, RUNSTATS, MODIFY, CHECK DATA, CHECK INDEX, etc.; • grant and revoke privileges to secondary authorization id’s for africa contest 2012 DATABASES, TABLESPACES, TABLES, PLANS; • provide production support; • support members of the team for all database and of kublai, SQL related problems; • give DB2 training to the in-house DBA’s. ENVIRONMENT: IBM 3090 - PEOPLESOFT, CLIENT-SERVER, SQL, SPUFI, QMF, SQR, OMEGAMON II FOR DB2,
OS 390, TSO/ISPF, VSAM. YEAR OF MANDATE: 1996 - 1997. Database administration for 18 systems used by various development teams consisting of over 250 people. These DB2 systems consisted of over 500. • implement changes to environments across multiple platforms / multiple Database Management Systems; • migration of data across multiple DB2 subsystems; • migration of data across multiple platforms / multiple Database Management Systems; • creation of DATABASES, STORAGE GROUPS, TABLE SPACES, TABLES, INDEXES and VIEWS; • creation of WORKLISTS using BMC CHANGE MANAGER; • down-sizing of Tables; • extraction and reloading of data; • enforce referential integrity; • reorganization and image copies of africa, TABLE SPACES; • support development team. ENVIRONMENT: IBM 3090 - DB2, SQL, DB2I (SPUFI, DCLGEN, BIND, UTILITIES, ETC.), BMC CATALOG MANAGER, BMC CHANGE MANAGER, DB2 FILE-AID / RDX,
OS/MVS, TSO/ISPF, VSAM. COMPANY: BELL SYGMA (Montreal, Quebec) • implemented DATABASES, TABLE SPACES, TABLES, INDEXES, VIEWS, etc.; • estimate space required for TABLE SPACES and INDEXES and create the VSAM clusters; • prepared and cloning, executed procedures to LOAD, REORG, IMAGE COPY, RECOVER, etc.; • implement and verify the essay, REFERENTIAL INTEGRITY across the various Tables after they have been loaded; • participated in is television a bad influence essay the analysis and africa essay contest, resolution of performance issues; • develop tools which facilitate RECOVERY; • supported a team of application programmers; • trained and thesis coordinator, planned the work for essay contest 2012 another DBA. • analyze and resolve database performance problems; • support members of the team for all database related problems. resources. It was developed using VISUAL BASIC and a bad influence, accesses via personal computers DB2 Tables on essay, the mainframe. OS/MVS, TSO/ISPF, VSAM,
DB2 BMC UTILITIES, CANDLE DB2 WORKBENCH. YEAR OF MANDATE: 1996. • define elements (attributes) • define associative entities. • establish primary keys. • produce the entity-relationship diagram. • define domains for elements. • define foreign keys. • add “non-conceptual” elements as required. • define format of elements.
• establish volumes and frequencies. • review the business processes and ensure model is satisfactory. • denormalize model (in lieu of a descriptive of an, processes) • adjust primary keys. • denormalize model (in lieu of performance) • define Referential Integrity. various departments within the company.
The objective of this new system is to integrate and africa essay 2012, automate management of expenses, advances, reimbursements and payroll deductions related to these expenses for essay khan all 20,000 individuals at Hydro-Quebec. The system would eliminate approximately. 55 person-years of work per year for the company. • made adjustments to the conceptual data model; • using the conceptual data model derived the logical data model; • validated all on-line requirements and consequently made adjustments to the logical data model; • derived the relational model; • defined TABLES for entities and africa 2012, relationships in the conceptual data model; • defined columns, primary and art compare and contrast, foreign keys thus establishing the referential integrity for the TABLES; • defined TABLE SPACES and assigned the TABLES to the TABLE SPACES; • created INDEXES for the TABLES. ENVIRONMENT: IBM 3090 - DB2, SQL, OS/MVS, TSO/ISPF, VSAM, • derived a model on security based on the security offered by DB2; • participated in the development of a software tool which derived the conceptual data model within BACHMAN (Information Engineering. methodology for DB2) using the conceptual data model within the africa essay, DEVELOPPEUR (MERISE methodology); • developed a software tool which derived the art compare and contrast, relational data model (DB2) within the DEVELOPPEUR using the relational data model within BACHMAN. • The following entities were derivable using this software engineering tool: • performed quality assurance functions on databases produced by other DBA's; • provided technical DBA support to other divisions at HYDRO-QUEBEC; • produced a software which estimates space requirements for databases and determines certain optimization parameters. ENVIRONMENT: IBM 3090 - BACHMAN, DB2, DB2/2, SQL,
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resume scams If I told you that I’d critique and revise your resume for just $1, would you believe me? This is precisely what the resume writing service, OneBuckResume, promises. When you hover your mouse over the site’s Resume Builder tab, there’s even the grammatically incorrect promise “Use the patented $1 resume builder, and we’ll complete your resume in less than 5 minutes”. Africa Essay 2012! However, when you scroll through the essay in which an outline honest, site’s Terms Conditions (TC’s) box, it says the following:
Resume Distribution: By clicking the contest 2012, checkbox below, you signify your acceptance of seven days of cloning essay against free resume distribution services. Essay! IF YOU CONTINUE USING THE RESUME DISTRIBUTION SERVICE, YOUR CREDIT CARD WILL BE CHARGED $5.88 ONCE EVERY THIRTY DAYS THEREAFTER, UNLESS CANCELLED. There is no way to not click the checkbox, since it signifies that you agree to cloning essay against abide by the site’s TC’s. There is also no defined way to essay 2012 cancel the against, $5.88/month charge except by submitting support tickets through the africa contest 2012, site; no contact phone number or email is provided. Is Television A Bad Essay! Also, because the extra $5.88 monthly charge is posted on the company’s site, this disclosure allows it to make the “Didn’t you read the TC’s?” rebuttal. However, as several Ripoff Report testimonials attest, the site also posts fake job postings on Craigslist and contest, asks job applicants to use OneBuckResume to properly format their resumes prior to sending them off to the hiring company. Master! Unsuspecting job applicants pay the $1 fee and send their resumes to the provided email- only to have those emails bounce back to them as unrecognized. Essay Contest! After 7 days, the mysterious $5.88 monthly charges begin. Another resume site, TheLadders, was sued in district court on March 13, 2013 for art compare and contrast, not only africa essay contest 2012, posting fake, unauthorized and/or misleading $100K job opportunities but for essay in which you give an outline of an honest person, also not delivering on its resume writing service promise. TheLadders, as noted by Barbara Ward (the Plaintiff), …promised a free “expert resume critique” for essay contest, its premium members.
However, TheLadders did not actually review resumes that were submitted by its premium members. Instead…TheLadders sent its members a form letter that failed to provide any resume criticism responsive to and contrast essay members’ individual resumes. The sole purpose of the contest 2012, form letter was to up-sell members into mormon essay, useless paid resume re-writing services… Resume scams abound because, in this crappy economy, it’s very easy to take advantage of people who are scrambling to find work. The scammers often play on people’s fears, telling them that their resumes lack important “action items” that will prevent them from being hired.
Even when professionally written resumes are submitted to these scam sites, they are ripped up and cited as needing extensive work. Essay Contest! Of course, a scam site will naturally rip up any resume, even its own generated resume, in order to make a quick buck. And the essay, bucks, in this case, aren’t just $30 or $40; in the case of TheLadders, members who sent their resumes to be re-written were charged about $700! Where can you find legitimate resume writing services? Hardcore resume writers are often certified members of the National Resume Writers’ Association (NRWA) and/or the Professional Association of Resume Writers Career Coaches (PARW/CC). These writers don’t hide behind a resume writing site (although they may be employed by africa 2012, it); typically, you’ll find writer profiles and work examples on the site’s “About Me/Us” page. The better resume writers will be industry-specific and have some kind of education or experience in their chosen focus (e.g., law). Granted, with almost everyone being online now, you are bound to is television have some online forms to fill out when you start working with a resume writing service. However, the writer working on your resume should contact you personally to obtain additional information from you. Africa Contest 2012! This typically includes several phone interviews spanning a total of 3-5 hours for a top-notch resume site. Local agencies may also schedule you for an in-person session with the writer.
Even a budget resume writer should speak with you personally for at art compare essay, least half an africa 2012 hour. Beware of is television influence essay resume sites that are online only and where you cannot reach anyone over the phone. Essay 2012! Typically, this indicates that the writers (if any) are being paid slave wages by the site and have limited English language speaking/writing skills. While working with a “resume mill” does not exclude you from of kublai khan obtaining a meaningful resume, it will probably require that you do significant editing and formatting of your own document (this issue has been reported for the resume mill e-resume.net, which pays its writers Taco Bell wages for resumes worth $155). Contest! This negates much of the reasoning behind hiring a resume writer in the first place. Google knows all, as I like to say. Before you consider working with any resume site, do a quick online search of that site with the word “scam” plugged into your search query. Is Television A Bad Influence! If you find testimonial after testimonial from contest dissatisfied customers or even records of a lawsuit, steer clear of that agency.
Questions to ask before you pay any money. Even “good” resume writing sites can be riddled with issues. Before you hire any resume service to master take on africa essay, your resume, be sure to ask the following questions of the writer: 1. What are all the steps of this process and cloning essay, associated fees? Alternately: What do you charge per hour and what does that cover?
2. What advantages do you personally offer when compared with other resume writers? 3. Can I speak with your previous clients and/or see their “before and after” resumes? If a writer cannot provide either, find another writer/service. 4. What guarantees do you offer (e.g., limitless revisions, money back if not satisfied)? Other things to contest 2012 keep in mind. As the potential client, you should expect a free evaluation of your resume before you plunk down any money. Once you become an actual client, however, up-front payment is required from most resume writing sites. Expect the entire resume critiquing to writing to revision process to take anywhere from two weeks to even over of kublai, a month; good results don’t happen overnight (or in “less than 5 minutes”). Finally, be sure to contest keep your receipt; resume writing services are viewed as a legitimate employment-seeking activity through the eyes of the IRS and are tax-deductible. I was offered a resume editing for $79 by paragon resumes? i haven’t seen any red flags, has anybody used them before? I used them last year, they were great.
Paragon resumes and Australian resumes are the same company. Is Television Influence! They operate out of africa India and they use the same website just with changed names, if you look at their testimonials, they are the same on both sites!! DO NOT USE OVERSEAS OPERATORS PRETENDING TO BE AUSTRALIAN. I connected with Dillard and Associates about doing my resume. I gave them required documents, payment 11 days ago, and essay, not so much a draft. I’ve emailed and africa essay contest, called, but they keep making excuses. Spoke to khan owner today he claimed he emailed it, but when I told him there was nothing in my box he changed up. Africa Essay 2012! He keeps trying to hurry up and get off of phone. Trying to stay calm, but getting very irritated. Unprofessional and I want my funds back. I have been fighting with e-resume for mormon essay, weeks… they simply refuse to make any changes to their first draft, which looks like an africa contest apocalypse at an ant farm, there is so much text jammed onto the page.
Their response to every request is, “do it yourself”. Cloning Essay! Meanwhile, several potential employers have specifically told me that the resume e-resume gave me needs to be replaced, as it is essay 2012 unreadable. My advice is to art compare find a local service through yelp rather than use any of the africa essay, on-line companies. I’m a professional resume writer that worked with JC 3 years ago – just after my certifications. You are expected to maintain a daily quota of 3 or more ‘professional’ resumes per day at a payout of 25.00 per resume.
I didn’t work for is television a bad essay, her very long, or any online company for africa contest 2012, that matter before I opened my own business. On line companies are a lot of master thesis coordinator rsm hype. They overcharge the client for little or no personalized services, such as one-on-one consultations and/or critiques and expect the writer to africa 2012 develop something beneficial to the client. As a professional resume writer I can tell you – that’s ludicrous. There is is television a bad influence essay NO way you can do that. For those serious about resume writing – join a nationally recognized affiliation such as the NRWA and start your own company. Don’t waste time degrading your professional image by being forced to africa essay 2012 put out shoddy work due to time restraints.
Clients deserve our very best – and cloning essay against, that’s what they pay for. You will always win by essay contest, providing top-quality service at a price that everyone can afford…and the referrals will definitely keep you busy. Glad to have learned so I can share with others. Dawn, what is your site and or resume service contact information? I’d like to enquire about your services. You should let others know about master coordinator rsm it on as many reviews sites as possible.
JC Resumes has morphed into TopResume which owned by Talent Inc which also owns JC Resumes which runs offers on Groupon. They contract out africa 2012, their work to a descriptive in which an outline of an freelancers and sometimes people get lost in the shuffle. TopResume is 2012 rated “F” by the BBB. You can see their profile here: Here is another scam. Amazon, guaranteedresumes.net, Amazon Local, JC Resumes.com, J. Essay! Melissa Cooper, Resume2hire.com Discount resume service not such a deal. Company offers same price without offer. Africa Essay Contest 2012! Internet.
Amazon Local is offering $227 in resume services for $79. Offer tag B00LH56DGM. This may seem like an essay excellent deal until you look at the total package. This offer is a ripoff for the following reasons: 1).
The discount is essay 2012 not real. You can see multiple resume websites run by J. Master Thesis! Melissa Cooper here: J. Melissa Cooper created guaranteedresumes.net just for this deal. Africa Essay Contest 2012! She sells resumes on resume2hire.com for is television a bad influence, the following prices: A resume costs $49.99. Cover letters are $29.99. Follow-up letters cost $9.99. Thank you letters are $9.99. So when you compare the regular price to the “Amazon” price instead of africa essay contest 2012 saving $148 (65%) like the ad says, you are saving $20.96 or 21% and mormon essay, since the follow up letters and africa essay contest 2012, thank you letters are the same for everyone you are really getting $79.98 worth of services for $79!
A whopping savings of 98 cents. It’s like saying we give you 50% off of everything that is double priced. 2). The offer is not local. Amazon Local is for Local deals. guaranteeresumes.net is located in Naples, Florida although the deals are tagged local for essay, New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Indianapolis, Milwaukee, Boston, Dallas as well as many other cities. This is a deceptive as those who sign up for emails for essay 2012, these deals enter a city and and contrast, zip code to receive deals from local vendors. To send them a deal that is essay contest 2012 tagged as local and influence, really hundreds of miles away creates distrust among users. 3). The offer includes a guarantee that is not a guarantee.
It states, get an interview in 60 days or they will make a second new resume for free. First of all, if they can’t figure out contest 2012, how to create a resume that works and they waste 60 days of potential employment time, how are they going to create an effective resume later. It’s like saying if your plane crashes we will give you a new ticket out on the next flight! Second of essay all, the guarantee is not redeemable. In order to qualify, you need to prove that you looked for a job. The only proof accepted is certified letter receipts or fax receipts. No one looks for jobs using this method and it would cost nearly $200 to essay send out certified letters to meet the requirement for a free rewrite. So in other words there is no real guarantee. They can say no one has used the guarantee because it is unrealistic and unreasonable. The Better Business Bureau has indicated that this type of guarantee advertising can be construed as deceptive.
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amistad cinque essay experience. . It’s good, substantial, entertaining, and informative.” Cheryl LaGuardia, Research Librarian, Widener Library, If one wishes to understand the africa essay contest causes of the Civil War and and contrast essay the development that led to the Emancipation Proclamation, it is imperative to contest 2012, understand the khan role of slavery in the nineteenth-century United States. One possible way of preparing students for this episode in American history is by viewing a movie that deals with the topic of slavery both from an emotional and a legal point of view. The movie Amistad includes both aspects. These teaching notes are based on the lectures and workshops of the U.S. Embassy Teacher Academy “Lincoln’s Legacy: Nation Building, Democracy and the Question of Race and Civil Rights” and will refer to them. Africa Contest? What follows is a lesson plan for advanced level students providing background information as well as pre-, while- and post-viewing assignments which address issues that could become topics of discussion or closer study. Essay? Matthew McConaughey (Roger Baldwin) Anthony Hopkins (John Quincy Adams) Morgan Freeman (Theodore Joadson) Pete Postlewaithe (William Holabird) Nigel Hawthorne (President Van Buren) The Spielberg film tells the story of a group of slaves who, at the beginning of the film, overwhelm their Spanish captors on the ship Amistad and try in vain to return to Africa. Instead, they are taken to Connecticut, where they are brought to trial for murder. Local abolitionists take up their case and hire a young and inexperienced real estate lawyer to represent them.
Their case is taken to every level of the American judiciary and africa essay 2012 finally to the U.S. Supreme Court. The genre is that of a courtroom drama or a social problem film. Though based on the true story of is television a bad fifty-four Africans who were captured in Africa and brought to 2012, Cuba aboard the ship La Amistad, the movie contains some inaccurate or misleading information. Several characters are altered or added for the sake of the film’s dramatic effect.
Amistad does, however, present a notable event in the abolitionist movement in impressive pictures. There are at least two scenes that contain graphic violence. At 152 minutes running time, the film is too long for an uninterrupted screening in the classroom. Therefore, it has been divided into chapters (as they appear on the display of the DVD player) in the proposed lesson plan. Some smaller chapters have been left out. Most film chapters last about 10 minutes and are followed by student tasks.
Where indicated, it is advisable to write a descriptive person, show the excerpts twice. Moreover, the movie offers a good opportunity to essay contest, teach and discuss cinematic as well as rhetorical conventions in connection with the speech at the end of the film. Slavery and the Abolitionist Movement. Slavery has existed since ancient times. People were captured in wars and forced into slavery.
In the transatlantic trade of the eighteenth century, 10 to 12 million Africans were transported to North and South America and the Caribbean. In the master rsm so-called triangular trade at least 1.25 million Africans perished during the contest 2012 Atlantic crossing that could take two to three months. The slave trade was dominated by the British. Insatiable consumer demand (e.g. for cotton, sugar, cocoa and tobacco) drove the trade. Art Compare And Contrast Essay? Sugar became part of the British national diet and thus sustained the slave trade. The Quakers were the contest first to voice opposition to slavery. In 1792, 400,000 Britons, particularly women, boycotted slave-grown sugar. In 1807, a bill was passed by Parliament abolishing the trade with enslaved people within the British colonies, followed by the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833. The leading British abolitionist politician of this era was William Wilberforce (1759–1833). In the United States, journalists, novel writers and preachers led the way to abolitionism—such as William Lloyd Garrison (1805–1879) Harriet Beacher Stowe (1811–1896), and John Brown (1800–1859).
In the U.S., slavery peaked in the nineteenth century, when the slaves mainly worked in the fields to meet the increased demand for essay against sugar, cotton and tobacco. There were fewer slaves in the North, where they mostly worked as servants. By 1804, the anti-slavery movement, which was started by the Quakers in 1775, had succeeded in the North. New York abolished slavery in 1799. New Jersey was the last of the northern states to africa essay contest, abolish slavery in 1804. The importation of slaves into the United States was officially banned in 1808. In the South, the abolitionist movement supported the Underground Railroad, a clandestine organization that helped Blacks escape to the North. In the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 Abraham Lincoln declared that all slaves in areas currently in rebellion would be permanently free.
Slavery was forbidden in the Thirteenth Amendment of 1865. The U.S. Judicial System and the Film Amistad. A Bad? The initial hearing of the Amistad case took place before a U.S. Circuit Court which referred it to essay contest, the (lower) District Court as a civil case. The District Court ruled that the Africans be turned over to the President for return to Africa. The question was whether the Africans were born on Cuban plantations (and thus were slaves under Spanish law) or had been captured in Africa, which meant that they had been unlawfully acquired. District attorney William Holabird plays a very unpleasant and essay cynical role as prosecutor. But having listened to Cinque’s testimony and that of the witness Captain Fitzgerald, Judge Coughlin rather unexpectedly decides that the Africans cannot be slaves and that the Spanish sailors are guilty of illegal slave trade and murder. Essay 2012? The decision is upheld by the Circuit Court of write essay you give Appeals. Unhappy with this outcome, President Van Buren has the case referred to the Supreme Court.
The U.S. Supreme Court is the highest court in the land and has the ultimate legal authority in interpreting the U.S. Constitution. The President of the United States appoints the justices as vacancies occur, but the appointments must be confirmed by the Senate. 2012? The court consists of nine justices (one Chief Justice, eight Associate Justices), who may decide cases by majority.
Their decisions can only mormon essay, be overturned by another Supreme Court decision. Former President John Quincy Adams agrees to defend the Africans. He hopes to africa essay, demonstrate that American courts are truly independent from outside influence and strongly suggests that slavery must be eliminated, even if that means drawing the country closer to civil war. The justices rule in write a descriptive essay in which of an honest, favor of the Africans in an eight-to-one decision. Cinque , a proud and intelligent African, is considered to be the leader of the group of African captives as he led the mutiny. He is one of the Mende people, whose language is called Mende as well. Contest? Roger Baldwin is an inexperienced real estate attorney who takes on mormon essay the Africans’ case in a regional district court trial. As the case develops, he grows from africa a lawyer who sees slaves as property into a fervent abolitionist who fights for the Africans with passionate determination.
Lewis Tappan is an advocate of essay abolition who promotes the cause of the Amistad captives and publishes newspapers. Essay 2012? His The Emancipator is a famous anti-slavery newspaper. Theodore Joadson is a (fictional) African-American abolitionist (and former slave) who joins his friend Tappan and plays an essential role in convincing Adams to influence essay, defend the Africans in the Supreme Court. President Van Buren is in the middle of africa 2012 his re-election campaign and only reluctantly deals with the case of the Amistad slaves when he realizes that the decision about their fate will influence his political future. John Quincy Adams is the is television a bad influence essay frail ex-President who eventually speaks on behalf of the Africans before the Supreme Court but is mostly seen tending flowers in essay contest, his conservatory. Southern Senator John C. Calhoun is a racist who strongly influences Van Buren. The Spanish Queen Isabella II is eleven years old when the mormon essay Amistad incident takes place and thus is portrayed as a girl whose counselors compose the letters concerning the case.
What are a few outstanding elements of character, tone, and gesture which the essay contest 2012 actor Morgan Freeman brings into the role of Theodore Joadson? Would you personally choose anyone else to play this part? If so, why? If not, why not? Summaries of Selected Scenes and Tasks. Is Television A Bad Essay? One of the black men (Cinque) on board the ship frees himself and 2012 then helps the others to unlock their chains. They fight and kill all the white sailors except two (Ruiz and Montez), who are supposed to thesis coordinator, sail them back to essay contest, Africa. Write Essay Of An Person? The conversation among the 2012 Africans is not subtitled, and so the against viewers have to draw conclusions from contest 2012 what they see.
As an opener to the film, the students might brainstorm about slavery throughout history and in America in a bad, particular, as well as cases of mutiny they know about from literature or film (for example, Mutiny on the Bounty ). Watch the first scene and make notes of what happens (preferably in English). Summarize what happens in this scene (in writing or orally). If needed, make use of the following phrases: the bottom of africa essay a ship, low ceiling, lock (on a chain), metal spike, to a bad influence, show no pity/mercy, sword . Find out about the two American presidents John Quincy Adams and essay Martin Van Buren, as well as the of kublai khan Spanish Queen Isabella II (note their involvement with the essay 2012 issues of a descriptive in which person slavery and freedom) and present your findings to the class. Chapters 3 and 4 (14:20) After six weeks they run out of water and sail towards land. The Amistad is taken over by the American Navy and the Africans are brought to New Haven (Connecticut), where they are imprisoned. The Spanish Queen Isabella II (age 11) is informed about the incident and so is President Van Buren, who is campaigning for re-election and who fears that the slaves from the Amistad might damage his chances in africa essay contest 2012, the pro-slavery South.
Then the viewer is acquainted with Lewis Tappan and his friend Theodore Joadson, two abolitionists, in coordinator rsm, their New Haven newspaper office . The “slaves” are brought to the district court where different parties claim possession. The property lawyer Roger Baldwin offers Tappan and Joadson his help as the Blacks are considered material property (chattel). Add information about the following parties and explain their roles. – William Holabird, U.S. lawyer. – John Forsyth, Secretary of essay 2012 State. – Thomas Gedney, Richard Meade, naval officers. – Ruiz and Montez, Cuban sailors. Explain why Baldwin thinks he can help. Find out mormon essay, about the legal situation of slaves in the U.S. at that time and point out how this is conveyed in contest, the film. Collect information on the vessel La Amistad and present it to the class.
The scene opens with John Quincy Adams, then a Congressman representing a Massachusetts constituency in thesis coordinator, the House of africa essay 2012 Representatives, apparently asleep during a meeting. Tappan and Joadson request a meeting with Adams and passionately, even boldly (Joadson), ask for Adams’ help which he refuses to provide. Over dinner, Baldwin explains the legal background of the case against the Africans. He enters into is television essay, a discussion with Tappan and Joadson on the issue of whether they were illegally acquired and whether they are to be considered material goods or human beings. Africa Essay? A group of mormon essay religious people come and pray in front of the prison and sing “Amazing Grace.” (For background information on the role of religion see: “Evangelical Religion and contest 2012 Evangelical Democracy” by David Goldfield.) Referring to your findings, compare the John Quincy Adams in history and the Adams as portrayed by Anthony Hopkins. Summarize the standpoints of Joadson and Adams during their conversation. (Useful vocabulary: segregation, friend and foe, advocate of mormon essay abolition, erudition, grace, vital task, to abolish slavery, to aim high/low) As it is crucial for the case, Baldwin wants to find out where the Africans come from.
He visits Cinque in the prison. By drawing maps, Baldwin finds proof for his assumption that they were captured in Africa. Baldwin and Joadson search the Amistad for evidence. Contest 2012? Baldwin finds papers that confirm that the Africans originally sailed on a Portuguese vessel, the Tecora, which was engaged in illegal slave trade. And Contrast Essay? President Van Buren is africa essay contest shown in essay of kublai, his office with his advisors. As the essay contest 2012 case of the slaves is of great importance for the future of the country and could lead to civil war, it is decided that the judge who is hearing the case should be replaced.
Describe the conversation between Cinque and Baldwin. Propose ways that could solve their language problem. Essay Of Kublai Khan? Explain why Joadson breaks down on the ship. Suppose he keeps a personal diary. Write an entry that covers the last few days. Alternative: Tappan needs an africa article for the newspaper “The Emancipator” about the master rsm case of the “Amistad slaves.” Write this newspaper article. Essay Contest 2012? With what arguments does Secretary of State Forsyth persuade the President to essay against, replace the judge of the District Court? Joadson visits Adams again, this time in his greenhouse, and asks him what he would do. He advises Joadson to find out who the essay Africans are. During their talk, Adams moves a plant so that it will get sufficient sunlight.
In the meantime, Baldwin has found a translator. Essay? One of the Africans has died and the translator provides the Americans with information about the Mende habits. The Christians sing again. “In court, whoever tells the best story wins. . Contest 2012? . . What is the Africans’ story? . . . Essay Against? You and Baldwin have shown what they are; they’re Africans. Africa Essay Contest? But you don’t know who they are. Master Coordinator Rsm? If you find out something about africa essay contest 2012 them, their story will become interesting.” Interpret Adams’ statement. Explain the symbolism of the plant.
Give a short account of how the translator is found and essay against compare it with the approaches you had thought of. This chapter is a flashback. Cinque tells the africa contest 2012 story of how they were captured, brought to Lomboko slave fortress (in Sierra Leone), transported on the vessel Tecora to Cuba and art compare how they were sold there and were transferred to africa 2012, the Amistad. The Africans are treated cruelly on board the Tecora. (The students might be upset by the violence shown if they see it without preparation.) In the meantime, the Africans have been brought to is television influence essay, court again and Cinque finishes his story there. Essay Contest? The Africans have been given clothes. This chapter should be watched without tasks. However, as an introduction the function of flashbacks in literature and cloning film can be discussed. Chapter 12, 13 and africa 2012 14 (18:00) District Attorney William Holabird doubts that Cinque’s “tale” is true and claims that it makes no sense. The British Captain Fitzgerald, however, confirms Cinque’s story. One of the a descriptive essay in which you give Africans is shown looking at pictures in the Bible. The camera shows faces and essay objects in close-up and thus Cinque’s agony is portrayed.
The scene culminates in Cinque calling “Give us free!” After the thesis coordinator rsm different parties have been heard, the judge retreats. There are cross-cuts between him thinking and praying at a chapel and the Africans talking about the Bible back in prison. Cinque’s friend explains to him the story of Jesus Christ by interpreting the pictures. When they are brought back to court, they pass by Christians once more. When giving his verdict, the judge asks and answers the fundamental question: “Where they born in Africa? I believe they were.” And thus he declares the Africans free. They chant. Before viewing this part, the essay students should be introduced to (or revise) camera angles and movements and the scenes should probably be shown twice. (Vocabulary: to rid oneself of cloning against evidence, inventory, provisions required for a journey, ghastly arithmetic, poundage, to have no merit, thorough reflection, utmost faith, to misrepresent sth., on africa essay 2012 the charge of ) Analyze the different camera angles and movements throughout the court room scene and comment on their effect. (This task could be done in groups.
The groups might concentrate on Cinque/Captain Fitzgerald/ Holabird/Cinque’s friend.) Comment on the role of religion as conveyed in the film and in is television a bad influence essay, these particular scenes. What is the 2012 purpose of the camera movements during the judge’s final speech? During a dinner at the White House, the connection between the abolition of slavery and an impending civil war is discussed. And Contrast? The President has transferred the case of the “Amistad slaves” to the Supreme Court. What arguments are put forward by Senator Calhoun?
John Quincy Adams receives Cinque at his home. In the greenhouse he tells him about the origin of his flowers, including an African violet. He explains in africa essay contest, metaphorical language why this case is so exceptional. Art Compare Essay? Cinque tells Adams of a Mende tradition, which says when a member of the tribe needs help they appeal to their ancestors. (Vocabulary: to invoke one’s ancestors, to summon the spirit of, to come to someone’s aid, disrespectful, to have righteousness on contest 2012 one’s side) Referring to Adams being a former president, Cinque says, “A chief cannot become anything less than a chief, not even in death.” Discuss this statement, also referring to great statesmen. Essay Honest? Chapter 20 and 21: Adams’s Speech (10:00) Adams gives his speech in front of the 2012 Supreme Court stating that this is the cloning most important case ever brought before the africa essay contest court as it concerns the very nature of man. He refers to letters exchanged between the Secretary of State, John Forsyth, and the Queen of Spain, Isabella II, who calls the American courts incompetent. He then directs the attention of the judges to a publication of the office of the President called “The Executive Review” in which slavery is defended by “a keen mind of the South.” He disagrees with the author, claiming instead that the natural state of mankind is freedom. He asks Cinque to essay khan, stand up and explains that if he were not a black man, he would be considered a hero as he fought for his freedom. Adams walks over to where the Declaration of Independence hangs on africa contest the wall and points out its meaning. Adams continues by telling his audience about the Mende tradition of evoking their ancestors in hopeless situations and walks past the statues of former presidents saying that they have not been asked for guidance for a long time.
He concludes by stating, “Who we are is who we were.” And that they need strength, courage and write a descriptive essay you give an outline wisdom to triumph over fears and prejudices. This speech is very impressive. It contains many rhetorical devices which should be analyzed. Africa Essay? For that purpose it should be shown twice. Furthermore, it may be compared with other texts, e.g. The Emancipation Proclamation or the is television a bad Gettysburg Address , both by Abraham Lincoln. The latter is available on the NAXOS audio book Great Speeches in History , 1996 (ISBN 9626340835); Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation is online at http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/22082 and africa essay 2012 the Gettysburg Address is available at http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/4. Point out John Quincy Adams’s line of argument. State to what extent you consider it appropriate.
While listening to the speech for a second time take down notes about the rhetorical devices that are used. Explain their effect. (Different groups of students can be assigned a rhetorical device to concentrate on.) In your opinion, how convincing is this speech? How will the judges decide? Keep in cloning essay against, mind that seven of the nine Supreme Court Justices are Southern slave owners. Point out what the decisive argument might have been. Rhetorical devices include: repetition (“truth,” “freedom”) parallelism (“a court that will do . Africa? . . / a court that can be . . . / a court . . .” “He will break loose his chains. He will decimate his enemies.
He will try and try . . . ,” “to ancient times, to biblical times” ) metaphor (“The long powerful arm of the executive office,” “the last battle of the American Revolution”) simile (“the truth has been driven from this case like a slave,” “toyed with like a doll”) irony (“At least I’m sure the President hopes you all read it”) allusion (to Patrick Henry, hero of the American Revolution known for having said: “Give me liberty, or give me death.”) It is night. Baldwin and mormon essay Joadson are shown waiting. The judge states that the treaty with Spain is inapplicable as the Africans cannot be considered merchandise and thus the blacks are not slaves but free individuals. They are released and can return to their homes in Africa. There is a moving scene between Cinque and Baldwin. Short scenes depict what happens to the different characters and subtitles provide the historical background: the liberation and essay contest 2012 destruction of the slave fortress by the British; Van Buren, who has been defeated by Harrison, playing the harp; the Africans returning home to Sierra Leone; Queen Isabella and mormon essay a scene from the Civil War.
Collect information on the real case of the “Amistad slaves” and compare it with its depiction in the movie. Try to explain why the writer of the essay screenplay and the director decided to make these changes. Discuss whether, in your opinion, it is legitimate to change historical facts in movies. Taking into essay, consideration the encounter of the Africans and the Americans in the movie as well as the efforts made to understand one another, what may be learned from this film about cross-cultural confusion and understanding? A central theme in Amistad is justice. In what sense is justice “blind” and how does justice “see”?
A starting point for the discussion could be this statement from africa 2012 Adams’ speech about Cinque: “This man is black. We can all see this. But can we also see as easily that which is equally true? That he is the only true hero in this room.” Watch the scenes again in which Van Buren meets with his counselors. What evidence do you find in this film to suggest that the American Civil War is dawning? Study John Dean’s essay on “Teaching History through Film.” After having watched the movie Amistad, discuss to what extent such films are a valid medium to teach history, even if they are not entirely correct.
Amistad. DVD. Directed by Steven Spielberg. Paramount Home Entertainment, 2006.Hadden, Sally E. Review of write you give of an person Amistad. H-Law, H-Net Reviews , December, 1997. Africa Contest? http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showpdf.php?id=14856 (accessed Sept. 15, 2010).
The Mechanics of Books versus the Mechanics of MoviesAppendix: The Mechanics of master thesis rsm Books versus the Mechanics of Movies.
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Engagement and Learning What Is_? Programme. In a dark room, on a large screen, three Indonesian kids in matching purple Adidas tracksuits, wrap-around sunglasses and sun-visors are singing a karaoke version of a song by the 1980s pop group The Smiths. It is equally serious and joyous. The piece is part of Phil Collins's work The World Won't Listen. It is a great work of contemporary art and Phil Collins is an important artist because his work is richly suggestive of a number of significant questions about national identity, popular culture in africa essay contest 2012, a global context, and the role of the mass media in representing these. Another dark room, another projected scene: an evening view of an obscure rural location. In the near-distance we see an odd elongated piece of architecture: a fragile but imposing shelter, an elaborate cylindrical tent that seems simultaneously out of place and yet somehow at essay in which person home in this natural landscape. Africa Essay Contest 2012. The images are from French artist Philippe Parreno's curious film The Boy from mormon essay, Mars, and they arise out of his involvement with an africa contest, environmental art project in rural Thailand.
Yet, watching these images it is never quite clear what, or where, it is essay khan, that we are observing. Collins and Parreno make use of recognisable conventions of visual art from africa 2012, our own and earlier eras ('portraiture' in the former; 'landscape' in the latter). Yet, both seem as interested in an unfolding, many-staged creative process as they are with any finished product or with the possibilities of an accepted art discipline. As such, they practice types of is television, art, that, as the influential curator Nicolas Bourriaud has argued, remain around the edge of africa 2012, any definition – drawing on is television a bad, much from africa essay 2012, what would customarily be considered beyond the 'frame' of art, urging us to mormon essay, consider the place of africa essay contest 2012, art in master thesis coordinator rsm, the contemporary world, while offering up images and experiences characterised by uncertainty or disconcerting intensity. 1. The two examples above were both made in the last ten years. But are they also modern? They were made recently, but being 'modern' means more than merely being up-to-date: it needs to look modern too. For example there's a Norwegian painter Odd Nerdrum, who has spent the last 30 years trying to contest, paint like Rembrandt. He makes work that is recent but it would not be referred to as modern because it doesn't look like what we expect Modern Art to look like.
Instead, it is deliberately old fashioned. So when art historians use the words 'Modern' and 'Modernism' they understand them as meaning something quite specific. (i) When was Modernism? In the sense of 'modern' meaning up to date, all art was modern once. The innovative artists of the past have always tried new technologies, new media and new styles. Crucially, these new technologies and new mediums allowed for the possibility of new artistic forms. For example, when Giotto was painting the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua, 1305, his use of fresco (watercolor on wet plaster) as a medium was innovative and modern, and it allowed him to achieve the essay integrated aesthetic scheme of the contest 2012 painting cycle. Over 500 years later Impressionists like Monet were not only master responding to the challenge of photography and its ability to capture an impression of the world, but also using portable easels and africa the newly invented, industrially processed, readymade tubes of paint to make pictures outside of the studio in the open air.
But, if art has always been modern; does it ever reach a sell-by date? Can it be that what was once modern can cease to be modern? Other art historical periods do not have the same associated problems. Write You Give An Outline Person. So, whilst there may be some disagreement as to the specific dates of the Renaissance, Roccoco, Baroque or Neo-Classicism, it can be agreed that they were periods that had beginnings, middles and ends. Perhaps then, one way to think about modern is as a period of time with a clear beginning, middle and end.
Thought about in africa 2012, these terms modern might mean the period of 100 years that began with Manet's painting Djeuner sur l'Herbe, 1863, which was seen as shocking and essay rejected from the prestigious Salon of fine art, not only because it was 'badly' painted with rough brushstrokes and inaccurate perspective, but also because it showed a contemporary scene of public nudity. This period is often regarded as ending with Pop Art in the mid 1960s, when art became increasingly difficult to distinguish from everyday consumer objects and essay 2012 the output of the mass media. What this would mean is that art made after this period would be after, or post, modernism. Essay Against. This is why you will often hear the art of the last quarter of the twentieth century referred to as 'postmodern'. However, such neat slicing up of the history of art is problematic.
The question posed by the cultural critic Raymond Williams When Was Modernism? is a tricky one. On the one hand, art seems to lag behind modernism in other fields. For example modern history is generally seen to have begun around 1500; philosophy with Descartes (who published his Meditations in 1641) or Kant (who published his three Critiques between 1781 and 1790) and the technological boom of the Industrial Revolution in the nineteenth century is also seen as an 2012, origin of modernity. On the other hand, art historians squabble as to where Modernism began; perhaps with the Renaissance when artists began to be recognised as 'geniuses' with their own distinct styles, or perhaps with the Salon des Refuss in Paris in 1863 and the exhibition of art refused by the academic institutions. Mormon Essay. As Charles Harrison observed: In writing about contest, art, the term Modernism has only been regularly used with a capital M since the 1960s . Before the '60s the term 'Modernism' was generally used in a vague way, to refer to what it was that made works of essay khan, art seem 'contemporary' whatever that meant.
2. (ii) How is Modernism? Another way of thinking about what modern means in art is to think of it as an essay 2012, attitude to making. This uncouples 'Modern' from a specific time and place – meaning that art is not necessarily modern merely because it is coordinator rsm, new. Africa Essay Contest. It would also mean that examples from history could be identified as modern in their outlook, such as El Greco, the seventeenth century painter whom Picasso claimed was the originator of Cubism. Furthermore, identifying modern as an attitude means that it can be seen as an incomplete project that can be constantly re-engaged with. This is probably what Jackson Pollock had in mind when he made this claim for his own modernist art: My opinion is that new art needs new techniques. And the modern artists have found new means of making their statements. It seems to me that the modern painter cannot express this age of the aeroplane, the atom bomb, the radio, in the old forms of the Renaissance or of any other past culture.
Each age finds its own technique. 3. Just as the times change, so too must art. And just as we live in new times, we need a new, modern art to express the age of text messaging, the Internet and global capitalism. The art critic Clement Greenberg offered a slightly different definition of modernism. He claimed that modernist art was art that was about art . Mormon Essay. What this means is that modernist art takes art itself as its primary subject matter rather than traditional subjects such as landscapes, portraits or historical and essay contest religious themes. This does not mean that modernist art cannot include traditional subjects, but rather that this is not what the art is cloning against, about.
Look, for example, at the William Scott painting Jug. The subject matter is a jug and a bowl. Such still life has been a subject matter for art for hundreds of years but Scott has treated the material in africa contest, a thoroughly modern way. (iii) Defining Modernism. The definition of modernist art that emerges is thus: that it provides a meaningful expression of, and essay gives artistic and essay contest aesthetic form to three things: (i) the specific time and place where it was made, (ii) the master thesis coordinator rsm medium that it is made of, and (iii) how it was made. We can now ask if this definition can be usefully applied to africa essay 2012, much of essay, contemporary art. 3 - When, What and How is contest, contemporary art?
(i) Contemporary – Whatever That Means. The tricky task of identifying a working definition of 'modern' is accompanied by the equally testing challenge of defining the word 'contemporary'. Indeed, 'recent' might be one easy definition for 'contemporary', allowing us to think of contemporary art as that made within recent memory. Another closely related and and contrast essay very straightforward meaning of 'contemporary', and africa 2012 one that is entirely true to the linguistic sources of the word, is 'with the times' (from the essay Latin 'con', meaning 'with', plus 'temp' meaning 'time'). As such, to be contemporary is to be alert to the conditions of africa 2012, a particular moment in time, to be moving with the thesis rsm tides of living history. And this sense of the word is widely used in understandings of 'contemporary' art. Back in the 1980s, for instance, curators at the Tate Gallery in London decided that the art of the contest 2012 past ten years, on a rolling basis, would provide a suitable set of parameters as they made plans to develop a new 'Museum of Contemporary Art'. 4 'Contemporary' art in this regard, comes pretty close to 'modern' art – particularly, perhaps, to Jackson Pollock's claim that the master art of each age should find its own technique.
But Pollock's comment also returns us to how 'modern' can be understood as identifying an contest, attitude towards making art, an attitude perhaps resulting in a certain type of art. Certainly, a loose sense of what 'contemporary art' is like is often evident in the mainstream media. Coverage of essay khan, exhibitions such as the annual Turner Prize show, for instance, will often be based on 2012, hostile presumptions about the prevailing tendencies in essay an outline person, art today, with artists regularly being characterised as pranksters or self-promoting provocateurs rather than masters of africa contest, a recognisable medium. Thesis Rsm. However accurate such pictures are, it is of course essential to remember the vital role played not just by the media but also by the art market in manufacturing particular versions of a contemporary art 'world' (as has always been the case throughout the history of art), with certain forms of art reaching prominence as a result of their marketability. But cast an eye over art magazines such as Artforum and Frieze – expensive colour publications packed with ads promoting the interests of the commercial art scene – and the difficulty of finding stable commonalities across what is celebrated is quite apparent. Such magazines will often introduce us to much that is essay 2012, overtly 'edgy': radical performance art that claims to question moral norms, for instance; or varieties of activist art that propose creative models of political resistance; or versions of installation and write essay in which you give honest conceptual art that confuse us as to what, and often where, the 'art' actually is. All seem to sit comfortably side-by-side in such publications. Considering such types of widely prevalent art-making, it might seem that the only shared feature is an contest, interest in subverting expectations about what art can and should be. Such tendencies would, of master, course, be true to a legacy of avant-gardism in the arts, and in our effort to capture something of essay contest 2012, what is a descriptive in which you give an outline honest person, 'contemporary' in art we could choose to prioritise the contest 2012 continuation of a kind of rule-breaking spirit.
Yet, many celebrated contemporary art practices frustrate this view. For a great deal of khan, today's critically acclaimed art is africa essay contest, not quite so obviously confrontational or so antagonistic towards older methods or values. If, for a bad essay, example, a great deal of recent art shows hostility towards principles of aesthetic refinement in art, there remains a significant strain of art, highly regarded by 'contemporary' critics, curators and africa contest collectors, that is concerned with retrieving, or positively re-imagining, seemingly outdated notions such as craft and beauty. The paintings of William McKeown for instance, make a sophisticated and unorthodox case for beauty in art today, hinting to us that this idea is essential as a way of freeing, and at master rsm the same time grounding, our imaginations. Similarly for Isabel Nolan, 'beauty' is to africa essay contest, be found in the vulnerabilities of both commonplace and more complex ways of representing or understanding the world around us: her formally diverse work inventively employs traditional craft techniques in capturing moments from essay of kublai, everyday life and ideas from advanced science. Much that is well-respected within contemporary art today, therefore, does not correspond to the prejudices of conservative critics. Crucially, combinations of notionally 'opposed' approaches to art can often be found alongside each other in a single exhibition, or even within a single artist's oeuvre or single work. Indeed, commentators on contemporary art have often stressed the diversity of possibilities in africa essay contest, art today – and definitions and descriptions of contemporary art will often stress the unregulated openness of this 'industry', acknowledging its resistance to definition and description.
As Linda Weintraub has written, contemporary art embraces the maverick and the traditionalist … no topic, no medium, no process, no intention, no professional protocols, and no aesthetic principles are exempt from the field of art. 5. Such indications of contemporary art's multiple methodologies are certainly at odds with any belief in the ongoing refinement of form – a principle once central to 'artistic progress'. For the philosopher and critic Arthur Danto, the innovations of art after the 'modernist' era have therefore brought about, in effect, an 'end' of art. This does not mean, he argues, an end of and contrast, people making art, but rather an end of a particular way of understanding art that focused on the constraints of contest 2012, certain disciplines and mormon essay mediums.
Since pop art, Danto suggests, There is africa contest, no special way works of art have to essay khan, be. 6 It is this plurality of possibilities which most obviously gives us clues as to what contemporary art 'is' today. Yet how we choose to position ourselves in relation to this plurality remains one of the most testing questions for those of us hoping to engage with this era's most challenging 'contemporary' art. (ii) Themes in Contemporary Art. Despite the exciting plurality of africa contest 2012, art today, recognisable constellations have emerged around which art practices and debates have become clustered. Participatory art takes the form of art compare and contrast essay, artists working with disparate groups of people from africa, different communities. Khan. This is essay contest 2012, not only a way of generating works of art, but is also part of the work itself.
Here are three examples: Untitled 1992 (Free), a working kitchen in in which you give an outline of an honest, a New York gallery set up by artist Rirkrit Tiravanija; Tenantspin, 1999, a TV channel for the elderly residents of africa contest 2012, a Liverpool housing estate set up by art collective Superflex; and Pimp my Irish Banger, 2009, a collaborative art project in mormon essay, which artist Terry Blake worked with young people from africa contest 2012, Dublin to mormon essay, paint car doors and bonnets that were later displayed in an outdoor space at the National College of Art and africa essay contest Design, Dublin. The art historian Claire Bishop has identified this trend within contemporary art as a 'Social Turn', arguing that while the models of participatory art vary enormously all are linked by write a descriptive essay person, a belief in the empowering creativity of collective action and shared ideas. 7 These are forms of art that ask questions about who is involved in the making and experience of art. Today's art often occurs in particular places and is specific to those places. For example Canadian artist Janet Cardiff's The Missing Voice (case study b), 1999-2000, is a narrative walking tour of East London starting at the Whitechapel Library. Participants are given a portable audio player that guides them on a 45 minute tour of the area through local areas like Spitalfields and Brick Lane that are infused with histories of crime, immigration, deprivation and intrigue. In The Birdcages of essay 2012, Dublin, 1999, Danny McCarthy placed five birdcages on the front walls of The Fire Station Artists Studios in Buckingham Street, Dublin. Each cage contained a hidden speaker that played sounds McCarthy had made from field recordings taken from sites around Dublin alongside recordings of bird song. Both pieces put the participants in an active role of master rsm, interrogating their environments. Africa 2012. This art asks questions about where the making and experience of art takes place.
Many contemporary artists are interested in the moving image. This can involve using movies for subject matter, but it also means investigating how film and video can alter how we think about art and life. Cinema is essay against, a culturally potent medium with particular characteristics as a spectacular experience, as a mode of display, and africa as a way of representing the world. For example in 24 Hour Psycho, 1993, Douglas Gordon slows down and mormon essay projects Hitchcock's famously suspenseful chiller so that it takes 24 hours to run. It is africa essay contest, impossible to enjoy the cloning essay against work as we would normally; we enter into a different relationship with the essay contest familiar work. Our ideas of the passing of time, narrative, memory, and even our boredom threshold are challenged by Gordon's re-presentation of the film. Comparatively, a work such as Twelve Angry Films by Jesse Jones, 2006, brings out an a bad essay, aspect of 'participation' in film culture, but through a process of collaborative production (working with community groups) and by creating a dedicated public space for screenings in the form of a drive-in cinema.
This art asks questions about africa contest, how the world is presented to cloning against, us through different media, under what conditions and with what consequences? Artists today continue to africa contest, question what they are making art from and come back to querying what art's forms mean. Khan. In Box (ahhareturnabout), 1977, James Coleman presented a 16mm film on a continuous loop with an accompanying soundtrack. The film shows disjointed fragments of a bout between two heavyweight boxers with a soundtrack that combines the imagined thoughts of one competitor with a low, thumping pulse like a heartbeat. Africa Essay Contest. It is a disorientating, profoundly physical experience.
The grainy and obscure flicker of the film, when coupled with the jarring jump cuts, becomes part of the master coordinator meaning of the work. It suggests how art always struggles with the translation of human experience into africa contest, artistic media. A Descriptive Essay In Which Of An. Whilst Coleman addresses media that are becoming obsolete in essay, today's increasingly digital world (film reels, slide projectors), many artists have also returned to one of the oldest artistic mediums – painting – to continue to ask questions about it. Elizabeth Peyton, for example, uses images snatched from the mass media (press photographs, television, etc.). Master Coordinator. The images are used in africa contest 2012, such a way that you would never mistake the mormon essay pictures for photographs; instead they encourage you to think about what it means to put wet paint on a surface and essay contest 2012 move it around. This art asks questions about what is employed in the making and mormon essay experience of art. The above examples offer just a glimpse of the rich variety of art being made today. It can take many forms, address many audiences and africa contest 2012 raise many questions. It can often be baffling, infuriating and inscrutable. There is more art now than there has ever been, and in a greater variety.
As has always been the essay you give honest person case throughout history, a lot of it might not be to our taste. But the best art, be it from the distant past, the modern age or our contemporary times, opens up new worlds for us; new worlds of thought, of expression and feeling, new worlds of poetic and essay 2012 political possibility. Art in the contemporary world is art of this world: it can be by a bad influence, turns richly distracting and frustrating, thrilling and testing; it is full of essay contest 2012, communicative difficulties and new possibilities; it brings the challenging effects of write a descriptive essay of an honest, today's reality home to us in all their vivid strangeness. It tells us how soon now really is. © Francis Halsall Declan Long, 2011. Nicolas Bourriaud, Relational Aesthetics, Dijon: Les Presses du Rel, p. 25. Charles Harrison, Introduction: Modernism, Problems and Methods, The Open University Press, 1983, p. Africa Contest. 15.
Jackson Pollock in mormon essay, an interview with William Wright, (1950), in Johnson, Ellen H. (ed.), American Artists on Art from africa essay 2012, 1940 to 1980, Harper Row, 1982. See Tate Glossary, www.tate.org.uk/collections/glossary. Linda Weintraub, Making Contemporary Art: How Today's Artists Think and Work, Thames Hudson, 2003, p. Write You Give An Outline Honest. 8. Arthur C. Danto, After the africa essay contest 2012 End of Art: Contemporary Art and the Pale of History, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1998, p. 47. Claire Bishop, 'The Social Turn', in Francis Halsall et al., Rediscovering Aesthetics, Stanford University Press, 2009, p. 239. Irish Museum of mormon essay, Modern Art, Royal Hospital, Kilmainham, Dublin 8, D08 FW31, Ireland.