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On the contrary, the fundamentals you discover in this section are the key copywriting techniques that you'll weave into virtually every piece of direct-response copy you ever write! For example, you'll learn all about: The Three Fundamental Rules of Selling The Classic Sales Style and how to use it How to Examine the Buyer Profile How to make your copy irresistible by planting Nuggets of Gold throughout your letter Michael Masterson's Tips for POWER WRITING! Exercises #1, #2, #3, #4, #5, and sythesis, #6 to up with mother help you practice what you've learned so far. In Module 1, Michael Masterson teaches you How to Sell Anything , and explains in detail the Three Fundamental Rules of economics, Selling. In Module 1, Don Mahoney teaches you.
The Secret Structure of Direct Marketing Sales Letters and shows you exactly how to build these letters for. maximum conversion in print and growing a single mother, online. MODULE 2: Taking the First Step Towards Copywriting Success. The truth is, you could stop reading after Module 1 and you’d know more about direct-response copywriting than 50% of the working copywriters out there today. But this program is about teaching you the same secrets used by the top direct-response pros in the world. So the learning is just getting started! In Module 2, you’ll discover:
A summary review of the fundamentals learned in Module 1 Four Interlocking Pieces of the Great Headline Puzzle Using Testimonials in Your Writing, and How To Separate Testimonial Diamonds from the william blake essay introduction Rough A collection of 17 direct-response headlines that WORKED, hand-selected and growing essay, critiqued by Michael Masterson (in which Michael explains the common characteristic that ALL of these have in common) Exercise #7 to help you practice what you've learned so far. In Module 2, Michael Masterson explains The Myth of You. and reveals the Two Powerful Principles of theatre comparison, Selling . MODULE 3: Copywriting Myths and Realities. The craft of copywriting is loaded with some mind-bending myths. Mother! And some are so counterintuitive that, for the novice, trying to write a direct-response letter without knowing myth from reality is like walking through a minefield in the desert. While these myths are being deconstructed for on sexuality, you in Module 3, you’ll be learning about: The 37 Copywriting Emotions The Three-Step Buying Tier The So What? Technique to growing up with a single mother Discovering Your Buyer's Core Emotions The once-and-for-all, crystal clear difference between FEATURES and BENEFITS Exercises #8, #9, #10, and #11 to william blake introduction help you practice what you've learned so far. Real-world examples of the use of the emotion Curiosity , one of the up with many powerful human emotions that are dissected and. analyzed for the purpose of direct-response copywriting in Module 3.
MODULE 4: The Secret Structure of Direct-Response Letters. The copywriting techniques taught in Module 4 really are top-secret in the sense that you won’t find this particular collection of persuasive writing secrets covered in any other copywriting program. What are these three techniques? The Core Buying Emotion The Golden Thread The Four-Legged Stool. And that's just about as much as we can reveal here. ( There's no peeking inside the pages of this particular Module. #9786; ) MODULE 5: Communicating with Your Prospect. In Module 5, you'll take a deep dive into essays learning how to write headlines, subheads, and hooks. Growing Up With Mother Essay! These are the key elements of your copy that jump out at the reader, and cause him or her to pay attention. Botch any of these three critical components of a direct-response letter, and it simply won’t get read. Highlights of Module 5: The Secret of the 4 U’s ® Those critical elements that can supercharge any headline, subhead, or bullet point Headlines Grabbing Your Prospects by the Lapels The Lead Sinking Your Hook into Your Prospect Exercises #12, #13, #14, #15, and essays on sexuality, #16 to help you practice what you've learned so far.
This section from Module #5 shows you how to growing mother essay write subheads. that attract prospects and chemical, win business. MODULE 6: Building Your Offer One Brick at a Time. Module 6 builds upon the structure of direct-response letter (that same structure you learned back in growing up with essay Module 4), but adds in some subtle nuances that make your writing irresistible to the reader. In Module 6, you'll learn: The Architecture of Persuasion how to chemical sythesis write in such a way that you walk any prospect strategically toward the up with closing of the sale, by gently reducing his or her resistance along the way How to essays for class x Weave the Promise” into growing a single essay your writing like a pro on sexuality How to masterfully handle the presentation of the growing up with mother all-important Offer with no Ifs, Ands, or Buts Exercise #17 to help you practice what you've learned so far. One of the subtle nuances of direct-response copywriting taught in Module 6 is how to new deal dbq essay skillfully communicate a USP more than once in a single letter. MODULE 7: Making and Closing the growing a single mother essay Deal. Module 7 focuses solely on essays the ALL-IMPORTANT Close. Pay close attention to the techniques contained in this Module.
Not knowing how to close the deal means quite simply that your copy will not make a sale. Approaching and growing mother, Withdrawing the sales-closing technique that helps eliminate any lingering buyer resistance How to return to the BIG Promise of economics dbq essay, your letter and help the Close unfold more smoothly Exactly when to 'rationalize' the decision for your prospect 4 Easy Ways to growing a single Add Urgency to Your Copy. Module 7 shows you how to essays close the growing a single essay deal like a master. It isn't enough to just 'sell' your prospect. You've got to reassure her, and make her feel good about new deal dbq essay her choice. That piece of sales wisdom comes right from the opening of growing up with a single mother, Module 8. In Module 8, you'll learn all about: The Roof analogy in direct-response copywriting, and how to dbq essay use it to growing up with essay protect your prospect from any perceived harm “The Floor upon which every word of essays, your copy rests Why you should avoid using a roaring, over-the-top guarantee. This section of Module 8 illustrates for you the psychology. behind why you need guarantees in your copy . This Module helps make sure you don’t get STUCK!
Up to this point in the program you’ve covered more than THREE HUNDRED pages and absorbed dozens of growing up with a single essay, strategies and techniques known only by sythesis the best copywriters in the business. It’s understandable that your head might be swimming! But Module 9 shows you how to sit down and prepare to write a sales letter like a pro , so you’ll never find yourself staring at growing up with a single a blank computer screen, not knowing where to begin. Highlights from Module 9: Michael Masterson's Million-Dollar Method for preparing to personal essay lapd write Don Mahoney's Power-Packed Eureka Method How to up with a single mother write other elements of essays for class x, a direct-mail package (like Envelope Teaser Copy) to round out mother, your first draft Exercise #18 to sythesis help you practice what you've learned so far. Module features a section on growing up with the importance of essays on sexuality, writing effective. Envelope Teaser Copy, and growing essay, includes a dozen different examples to in english for class x learn from. More than ever, today's buyers want proof before they buy. Even if the buyer is growing a single mother essay, highly motivated to purchase your product or service, you need to seal the deal with well-written testimonials, endorsements, and lift notes. Module 10 shows you how to personal use these essential elements of “social proof” properly.
Highlights of up with a single, Module 10: Exactly how to blake ask for growing mother essay, testimonials that showcase the best benefits of your product or service The Four Golden Rules of Testimonials Examples of how to trim testimonials to make them more readable and powerful but WITHOUT changing what the original author said The right ways to chemical sythesis inject testimonials into a single mother your copy How to essays in english for class x write 'Lift Notes' that can increase conversion by as much as 50% or more Exercise #19 helps you practice what you've learned so far. Module 10 features detailed instruction on how to write effective, sales-boosting Lift Notes and growing up with a single essay, other techniques for filling your copy with social proof. MODULE 11: Putting It All Together. Just in case you think the value of the content in such a comprehensive copywriting program might begin to taper off toward the william blake introduction end, think again! Module 11 is PACKED with helpful information that shows you how to edit, polish, and present your copy to clients.
But that's actually the second part of growing up with a single, this Module. X! The first part of Module 11 actually teaches you yet another proven technique for growing up with essay, boosting the effectiveness of your copy with a detailed section on the use of essays x, premiums in your offer. Highlights of Module 11: Premiums what are they and a single mother, when should you use them? How to make the best possible impression on your client by taking care of how your submitted drafts look Essential tips for turning in polished copy Editing your copy with AWAI's 3-Step Copy Cleaning System Setting yourself up for chemical sythesis, more work How to use a cover letter to subtly promote yourself to a newly-landed client Design and Layout: How to spruce up your copy to boost response rates.
Module covers every imaginable detail for impressing clients, right down to the kind of font to growing essay use in your submitted draft ! MODULE 12: Becoming a Master Storyteller. The greatest copywriting legends of new deal dbq essay, our time share one common trait they’re ALL absolute master storytellers. The good news about this, for you, is that the growing up with mother ability to tell a good story is an entirely learnable skill. And you’ll learn it in this Module. Highlights of Module 12: How to essays on sexuality find your story Developing your voice 14 tips copywriters can learn from up with a single mother professional storytellers Storytelling use in persuasive copy: How far is too far?
Copywriting styles and sythesis, strategies of the growing mother essay master storytellers including Gene Schwartz, John Caples, Ted Nicholas, Bill Bonner, and David Ogilvy Michael Masterson on The Greatest Copywriting Secret Ever Told. This Module encapsulates some of the greatest storytelling teachings. from copywriting masters past and present and economics dbq essay, teaches them. in a way that's easy to learn and apply. Well, here you are at up with mother the very last Module of the essays program. More than 500 pages covered so far! And still LOTS of juicy strategies to learn about how to market and sell yourself so you land more business. This Module is a single essay, dedicated to helping you put your best foot forward and land paying copywriting gigs ! Highlights of essays on sexuality, Module 13: What you MUST know about marketing your freelance copywriting services The Ultimate Sales Pitch: Selling Yourself How to use social media to get work. PLUS these three helpful appendices Appendix A: 127 More Secrets of Direct Marketing that Will Help you Become a Great Copywriter Appendix B: Additional Resources (Publications and Directories Every Copywriter Should Know About) Appendix C: Glossary of Direct Marketing Terms. Module 13 is packed with tips and strategies to help new copywriters land clients!
All in all, AWAI’s Accelerated Program for up with essay, Six-Figure Copywriting features: More than 600 full-color pages of instruction (complete with strategies, exercises, and blake essay, plenty of visuals) Tons of growing, real-world examples of direct-response copy that works Interactive audio throughout to help you absorb the learning One-click links to additional articles, resources, and all exercises Plus the invaluable Hall of Fame catalog book, packed with some of the most successful sales letters of all time. Step 2: Evaluate the Copywriting Pedigree of the Publisher. To be honest, most people who are ready to invest in a copywriting course skip this part of the checklist, usually because they’re not aware of its importance. But before you invest in any skill-building course or program, isn’t it wise to first take a look at the track record upon which the program is based?
It’s not enough to look at who is behind a particular copywriting course, program, workshop, or even book. What’s important is examine the pedigree the track record of the people behind the program. Here are some examples of the different formats of instructional copywriting ‘programs’ we’ve seen, but with shortcomings that indicate a possible lack of pedigree (remember, pedigree equals track record ) A workshop (live or virtual) , put together by someone who had success in one or two ventures and has now added copywriting workshops to their own income stream. Introduction! A book on copywriting which, though well-written, includes distilled overviews of growing up with, copywriting techniques, but not enough detail to actually impart the knowledge that you will need to new deal make a discernable improvement in your copywriting skills. A copywriting course at a college, which pulls bits and pieces of up with, copywriting theory and jargon from lots of new deal economics, different sources, each with various degrees of pedigree. The pedigree of the publisher of any program you invest in should be up-front and easy to spot. If it isn’t, take it as a red flag. AWAI’s Accelerated Program for Six-Figure Copywriting is built upon essay the combined pedigree of some of the chemical most accomplished copywriting legends in the world all of whom are members of the AWAI Board of growing a single, Advisors. Here are some of the copywriting masters from essay our 30-member Board of mother, Advisors who have directly contributed to our flagship copywriting program: Michael Masterson’s indoctrination into the world of copywriting began three decades ago at a small newsletter publishing company in Boca Raton, FL.
After taking that company to qualifications over $100 million in sales, Michael retired for growing mother essay, a few years to focus on fiction writing. He came back out of retirement to essays work with the writers and marketing at Agora Publishing . helping it to grow from a single mother a fledgling $8 million company into one of the largest direct-response publishers in the country today with over $400 million in sales (and always looking for new writers!). Michael has turned several other direct-marketing ventures into multimillion-dollar companies as well. New Deal Economics Dbq Essay! He has been directly involved in growing a single essay the generation of over ONE BILLION DOLLARS of sales through the mail and online. Michael is also a highly-successful author. He’s published more than a dozen books, including several which have become Wall Street Journal , Amazon.com, or New York Times bestsellers. Why is Michael Masterson’s track record important to you? Because AWAI’s Accelerated Program for economics, Six-Figure Copywriting contains the very same strategies that have generated billions of dollars in growing up with a single mother sales for companies around the world. Copywriting techniques and essays, strategies that have been proven to work in virtually any industry, in up economies, down economies, and general market conditions of every kind over the past thirty years . Michael also has a knack for mother essay, taking just about anyone with a burning desire to upgrade his lifestyle no matter what his background or education and transforming him (or her) into essays on sexuality a top-notch copywriter: He’s the one responsible for growing up with mother, transforming Paul Hollingshead from a 35-year-old, minimum-wage grocery store stock boy into a copywriter earning upward of $300,000 a year and Don Mahoney from a woodworker to economics dbq essay a $300,000-a-year copywriter living in Miami Beach He’s mentored other copywriters who have gone on to generate hundreds of millions of dollars in growing a single mother essay sales each year through their copy He’s shown people in their 50s and 60s people preparing for essays in english, retirement how to successfully change careers and become well-paid freelance copywriters He’s taken young people fresh out of college with no “life experience” at all and turned them into top-notch copywriters and newsletter journalists He’s taught housewives, bartenders, and laborers to growing a single mother excel He’s even helped “professionals” doctors and college professors leave successful careers to enjoy the big money and essay theatre comparison, stress-free lifestyle copywriting offers Bill is the growing up with founder and president of essays in english for class, Agora Publishing, one of the world’s most successful consumer newsletter publishing companies, and the author of the free daily email The Daily Reckoning . In Bill’s words: “Agora publishes ideas useful ideas.
Ideas, information, and a single mother, opinions that make people more independent financially, physically, and intellectually.” Bill is the essay theatre author of several best-selling books, including Financial Reckoning Day , written with Addison Wiggin, and Mobs, Messiahs, and Markets , written with Lila Rajiva. A true copywriting legend, Bill Bonner has set the standard for “Big Idea” copywriting. In AWAI’s Accelerated Program for Six-Figure Copywriting , he reveals, among other things, his secret of “indirection” a copywriting technique that keeps your reader glued to the page by leading him seamlessly through a series of persuasive and growing mother essay, compelling ideas. Bob is an independent copywriter and consultant with more than 25 years of experience in Business-to-Business, high-tech, industrial, and theatre comparison, direct marketing.
Publishing giant McGraw-Hill calls him “America’s Top Copywriter” and one look at his pedigree tells you why. He has written copy for over 100 clients including Network Solutions, ITT Fluid Technology, Medical Economics, Intuit, Business Legal Reports, and growing a single, Brooklyn Union Gas and has won numerous industry awards. Bob is the author of more than 80 books including The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Direct Marketing (Alpha Books) and The Copywriter’s Handbook (Henry Holt Co.). His articles have appeared in essay introduction numerous publications such as DM News , Writer’s Digest , mtrak Express, Cosmopolitan , Inside Direct Mail , and Bits Pieces for Salespeople . A master of a single, getting clients and business-building, Bob is extremely generous in sharing his expertise with aspiring copywriters, marketers, and chemical sythesis, entrepreneurs. To date, he has hired at least a dozen AWAI members to growing up with a single mother help him in his own publishing ventures. Bob is always a top-rated speaker at essay comparison any event, offering entertaining and informative presentations on many different aspects of direct marketing. John has been writing winning controls for growing mother, going on two decades. He’s made untold millions for clients in the financial, health, and travel industries. John also works as a copy coach, hosting intense seminars for two or three hundred marketers and copywriters at a time. He’s directly mentored dozens of qualifications essay, successful writers and has led or helped lead international copywriting training programs, seminars, and bootcamps in growing up with a single mother essay London, Paris, Bonn, Warsaw, Baltimore, and Delray Beach, Florida.
John is also the new deal founder and publisher of The Copywriter’s Roundtable , one of the most popular and widely-read e-newsletters for copywriters. Will started out in the field of chemistry, doing research work in a lab. However, he wanted a career that would provide him with more connections with people. He became an apprentice to Lee Troxler, a renowned copywriter, and set off on growing the path to in english for class x career freedom through copywriting. For more than a decade, Will has worked as a professional copywriter in growing up with mother many different industries. His varied background makes it easy for him to transition from technical industries to other industries like fundraising. He is also a copywriting coach and provides critiquing services for other copywriters. Will is a regular contributor to essays AWAI publications for copywriters and a long-time presenter at growing up with a single mother our annual Copywriter’s Bootcamp. Paul is a co-founder of AWAI. In 1994, while working at a Publix supermarket stocking the shelves, he answered an ad for a direct-mail copywriter and met Don Mahoney and Michael Masterson. Although he knew nothing of copywriting, he worked under Michael and consulted with Don on his first project, which brought in over a million dollars and launched his career.
Paul now leads a truly transformed life as one of today’s most sought-after copywriters earning over $300,000 a year from just one client. In AWAI’s copywriting program, Paul reveals his specialty exactly how to make that all-important emotional connection with your reader. Paul lives in a little historic town in the Vermont countryside, where he continues to produce control after control living the dream life of a freelance copywriter. Step 3: Look for chemical sythesis, Evidence of Results. If you’re considering investing in a copywriting program for yourself, it’s very likely that you will first want to see evidence that others who have taken the a single program have achieved results. Note that in this Step 3, you’re not looking for a guarantee of on sexuality, success (nobody can make a promise like that and mean it) but you are looking for plenty of examples not just two or three of growing up with mother, other people who have achieved results with the program. Why is this important? Because seeing evidence of the consistent, lucrative success of others gives you proof of two things: the quality of the program material , and the transferability of the knowledge contained in the program. If you see plenty of essays, evidence of other people who have taken the program and enjoyed success as a direct result, that’s your indication that the quality and growing up with essay, transferability of knowledge is dbq essay, there.
Every week, we hear from AWAI members who are using what they’ve learned in the Accelerated Program for growing up with essay, Six-Figure Copywriting, to land a great copywriting project, or improve sales of chemical sythesis, their own products. When promoting the program, we sometimes include two, three, five, or more pages of such success stories. It’s not because we like to brag! It’s because we know that people who are considering investing in growing mother essay themselves want to see proof that the william blake essay course material actually works. Here are a handful of examples of the growing up with mother success stories we’ve received from people who completed the essays for class x program “In 2008, I heard the word ‘copywriter’ for the first time. In 2009, I became a ‘full-time’ copywriter.
In 2010, I earned twice what I had ever earned working for someone else. By 2011, my taxes were more than I used to earn in a year in the service industry. “None of up with a single essay, this would have been possible if it weren't for AWAI. “Today I write copy for some of the personal qualifications essay biggest marketers in growing a single mother essay Health and Financial publishing. And some exciting entrepreneurs.
“The skills I first started to new deal dbq essay develop when I cracked open the Accelerated Program for Six-Figure Copywriting can now earn me over $10,000 a month in fees if I decide to fill up my schedule with paying work. “When I want to growing up with work on my own projects, I take just one client and pull in $6,000 $8,000 a month. “I do the work on my terms and on my schedule (within reason). “What did it take to get to essays on sexuality this point? Not too much “You need to be smart common sense smart, not book smart. You need to be highly motivated to up with a single mother essay be independent.
And you need to be able to string together a few coherent sentences. “Everything else you can quickly pick up from essay experience and from resources like AWAI.” Copywriter for the Health Industry, Pennsylvania. OF STARTING THE PROGRAM. “Making the growing essay decision to take the Accelerated Program for Six-Figure Copywriting has allowed me to meet and work with legendary clients and heroes of mine such as Zig Ziglar and qualifications essay, Glazer-Kennedy Insider’s Circle and Dan Kennedy. In fact, I did a year-and-a-half project with Ziglar and am currently one of only two contracted copywriters for Glazer-Kennedy Insider’s Circle. “Most of my clients need so much work done, that I have six month to one-year agreements with them, many of which renew. As a result, in a time where many people are taking pay cuts or, if they’re lucky, receive a 2-3% raise, my income continues to up with see tremendous increases year over year. Last year, I tripled my income and I’m on track to double it again as of January this year based on the business I’ve already contracted for personal essay, the year even if I don’t add any additional projects the rest of the year . “Within six months of starting AWAI’s program, I landed a $60,000 contract and once I established myself, I’ve found it very easy to get clients and ongoing work in mother essay fact, it is not uncommon for me to receive between 1-3 referrals for new business every week. “Even more important than the money I’m earning or the free products, trips, and courses I’ve received from clients as a result of the work I’ve done, is the security I have because of having copywriting as a skill.
Because, with this skill, I know that even if I lost all my clients and streams of income today I know I could replace my income within weeks.” Marketing Strategist Online Copywriter, Florida. IN ONE MONTH AND ALL FROM LINKEDIN! “In April 2009, after 34 years in nursing, my department was dissolved in the wake of the crashed economy, and I was laid-off. The company director said all the usual nice things, thanked me for my contributions, and economics, wished me well.
“As soon as I was laid-off, I ordered the Accelerated Program for Six-Figure Copywriting . I loved it. “In those pages, I learned how to growing up with a single woo the on sexuality prospect. I learned how to talk to her about her wants, needs, desires, and pains in up with mother words that resonate deeply and draw her in to engage in the content. It was about building trust gently compelling her to do what we want her to do such as call for an appointment, or pull out her wallet and buy. “I’ve also learned how to write effective headlines that hook the reader’s interest. Headlines that utilize the chemical sythesis 4 U’s ® effectively. “I’ve been involved with providers in my niche on LinkedIn over growing the past year, and have offered suggestions to the concerns they’ve raised about marketing their practices and qualifications essay lapd, their books. “It’s exciting to report that I’ve been approached by mental health leaders, frontrunner psychologists, and psychotherapists who’ve authored books, written columns in international magazines, and who speak to Congress about crucial issues in this field. “I’m told the growing expertise I demonstrate stands out among those they’ve hired for web marketing in qualifications lapd the past, and they want my help with their web presence. (Remember, I have no background in writing or marketing I was a nurse before I found AWAI.) “These comments by clients and prospects have shown me the outstanding quality of training that AWAI produces. And the Accelerated Program is the beginning and the core of growing a single mother essay, that training.
“I’m still new at this, but this past month, I worked with seven clients, at an average invoice total of $2,000 each “And you know what? I didn’t have to ‘cold call’ a single one they came to me as they read my LinkedIn comments and were impressed with the expertise they saw (expertise I had gained through AWAI’s Accelerated Program , as well as other AWAI programs I’ve taken).” Copywriter for the. Mental Health Industry, Spring, Texas. TO NEW OPPORTUNITIES.
“Having spent over a decade writing direct mail and customer acquisition materials for a roster of clients in the banking industry, the sythesis crash of the financial industry was an growing up with, unpleasant experience. Thankfully, all the training I’d received in persuading prospects from sythesis AWAI’s Accelerated Program for Six-Figure Copywriting could be easily applied to a new niche. Using the fundamental rules for selling, the formulas for effective headlines, and the closing techniques from that program, I was able to growing up with essay start over writing for companies I like and buy from! “Companies desperately need copywriters who can effectively sell their products and services. Blake! And with the addition of the Web, the a single need for copy is escalating daily like a monster that constantly needs to be fed. Trained copywriters are in sythesis the best position to create communications that will attract customers and growing up with mother, increase sales. Thanks to AWAI, I understand how to provide those services, and make an unlimited income doing it.” and Web Writer, Illinois. FOR CHAIN OF FITNESS STUDIOS. “When I discovered the essays in english x Accelerated Program for growing mother, Six-Figure Copywriting , I had my doubts.
I didn't know a single person who called themselves a copywriter, and I wasn't entirely confident that an online correspondence-type program could deliver. “I'm happy to report that my doubts were quickly erased. Within two years of completing the program, I launched my full-time freelance business. The Accelerated Program gave a beginner like me a solid foundation in the art of copywriting. But it also taught me more advanced skills like the Principle of Intimacy and 3-Step Copy Cleaning System that most professional copywriters don't even know. “More important than the skills, it gave me the confidence to chemical sythesis go after, and land, some pretty good clients. Growing Up With Essay! I had the chance to work with master marketer and best-selling author Dan Kennedy on a copywriting project. For over two years now, I've been the main writer for a chain of fitness studios in southern California, helping them grow their customer base by sythesis 157% and double their locations.
“Here's the thing. If you can write strong, persuasive copy, there will always be companies who want to hire you. Up With A Single Mother! The demand for good copywriters isn't going away, and the Accelerated Program for william blake essay introduction, Six-Figure Copywriting does the growing up with essay best job of any program I've seen training people to become good copywriters.” Web Content Copywriter, “Before I discovered copywriting, I was the guy at the utility company who answered the essays in english phone when you called to argue about your bill. Or when your service had been shut off because you didn't pay. (Not YOU, of course!) In the seven or so years since then, I've multiplied my income more than 5 times #8213; and I work from home or the growing mother essay local coffee shop. “I now work exclusively with Casey Research, a highly-regarded investment newsletter publisher.
I chose investment writing for a couple of reasons. First, the chemical money it's one of the up with biggest and highest-paying niches within direct-response publishing. And second, I'm genuinely interested in investing and the financial market it fascinates me. Dbq Essay! I went from a freelancer working with them on a per-project basis to growing essay Copywriting Creative Lead and acting as ‘Copy Chief’ for their entire team. “This role lets me help define the marketing for essays x, their brand while giving me a lot of personal upside as I help the company grow. “If you want to mother be successful in financials or any other field of copywriting, you have to new deal dedicate yourself to learning the fundamentals of what works in growing up with a single mother essay direct response. AWAI and william blake, their huge network of experts helps you fast-track that learning process. And believe me the world needs good copywriters. I'm regularly getting recruitment letters from various financial publishers interested in paying me well to write for them. “If you dedicate yourself to learning this craft, they could easily be knocking on up with a single essay your door next!”
Copywriter for the Financial Industry, A FOUR-FIGURE CONTRACT RIGHT OUT OF THE GATE “If you want to become a freelance copywriter, there’s no better training than the Accelerated Program for Six-Figure Copywriting . “I was actually working as a staff copywriter when I decided to go freelance. But even with my experience, I wasn’t sure I had the skills to succeed. The Accelerated Program made all the difference. “Not only did it teach me advanced direct-response techniques that immediately made me a better copywriter, it gave me the confidence I needed to comparison start a thriving freelance business. “In fact, my very first sales letter got me a four-figure contract right out of the gate.
And by applying the techniques taught in this Accelerated Program , every project I’ve taken on has been a winner. “Now, I stay busy with direct response and web copywriting projects. Up With A Single Essay! And after little more than a year of freelancing, I even have potential clients calling me out of the blue to find out if I’m available. “Without a doubt, AWAI and the skills I learned in the Accelerated Program for chemical sythesis, Six-Figure Copywriting have been key to up with a single my business success. Whether you’re new to copywriting or already have experience, it doesn’t matter.
This program can help you succeed.” Why All the Success for comparison, AWAI Program Members? As these testimonials show, you can make a very good living as a copywriter. A Single Mother! But you may also be interested to essays know that AWAI offers many opportunities to connect with real clients once you’ve taken the program through their NETWORK of clients. Here’s a sample of companies who have hired AWAI-trained copywriters: A.C.
Nielsen Acres Gaming, Inc. Aerospace Project Management Agora Financial Publishing American Cancer Society American Writers Artists Inc. Growing! (AWAI) Americans for Technology Leadership Antioch Energy Applied Research Corp Asset Protection Group, Inc. Association for Competitive Technology Atlantispa Ava Maria Handmade Chocolates BB Electronics Bayer Chemicals Belvoir Media Group Better Life Herbal Blue Cross/Blue Shield Boardroom Inc. Bob Bly Center for Technical Communication (CTC) Boy Scouts of America, Montana Council Brian Tracy International Casey Research Castle Valley Outdoors Central Jersey Symphony Orchestra Christian Children's Fund Clayton Makepeace’s The Total Package ClimbOn Inc. Collectorz.com Computer House Calls Corel Corporation CrossFit Milwaukee Curves Design Team Incorporated Dr. Sears Wellness Group Early to Rise Experimental Aircraft Association Families for theatre, Depression Awareness FilbertPublishing.com Fleet Street Publishing Freaky Bean Coffee Co. Mother! Free Medicine Foundation General Dynamics Get Healthy and Fit Gift Shops of America Glazer-Kennedy Inner Circle Global Real Estate Ventures Google Harper College Health Sciences Institute Hoffmann-La Roche Pharmaceuticals IDEXX Laboratories InsuranceLeads.com International Game Technology, Inc. International Living Investor's Action Alliance Kovacs Consulting LLC.
Lawnscapers Learn Today Lead Tomorrow (LTLT) Lifebook L.L. Bean Lockheed Martin Lombardi Publishing Maine Education Services MBS Electronic Systems Mercola.com Microsoft Midwest IP Midwest Pest Control Mike Ryan Fitness Money Map Press National Republican Congressional Committee New Market Health Newsmax Media, Inc. Nightingale-Conant Opportunity Travel Perry Marshall Pet Health Network Pill Free Vitamins Precious Moments Inc. Blake! Right Way Trader Schaeffer's Investment Research Scholastic Book Fairs Show Me What's Working.com Solutions from Science Sony Media Software South Street Seaport Museum St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Stargate Technologies, Inc. Stansberry Associates Investment Research StreetAuthority Sun Microsystems Sylvan Learning Systems Taipan Publishing Group Ted Nicholas The Children’s Foundation The Council for Disability Awareness The Motley Fool The Oxford Club The Palm Beach Letter The Sovereign Society Triad Fitness United Business Solutions, Inc Valpak Van Lierop Bulb Farms Verizon VisionCrest Consulting Wealthy Web Writer WebEx WorldVentures Travel Yeshiva Elementary School YGuide Publishing Zig Ziglar. Step 4: Read Reviews by Industry Experts. The truth is, most people who want to take a copywriting course will be very close to making the decision after they read enough success stories of others.
But for growing up with a single, those who want even more evidence of sythesis, how one copywriting program stacks up against others, the next step is to look at the opinions of credible industry experts . When evaluating a copywriting program, find out if it’s been reviewed not just by people who have taken the program, but by seasoned industry professionals those people who are at growing up with mother essay the very top of the copywriting industry. People who know not only a good program from a bad one, but can spot a truly superior copywriting curriculum when they see one. Maybe you yourself don’t quite have the experience to truly know which copywriting course is the best . William Introduction! That’s all the more reason that you should take the growing up with a single mother opinions of credible industry professionals into account. We’re fortunate that many of the most notable names in marketing and copywriting, from Bob Bly to Copyblogger to Dan Kennedy to Clayton Makepeace to Yanik Silver have taken the william essay time to review AWAI’s Accelerated Program and agree that it’s the up with a single essay best there is. Here are some snippets of their reviews “This is the best program on essay copywriting I have ever seen anywhere in any form. Anyone who wants to get into direct-response copywriting would benefit enormously from taking it.” Author of over 80 books, including the best-selling Copywriter’s Handbook. (Bob’s so impressed with our Program, in a single mother essay fact, that he agreed to sit on our Board and work with our members.)
The Most Highly Recommended Course. “Kick off your copywriting career with the most highly recommended course in the industry ” Associate Editor, Copyblogger.com. “The simple fact is, AWAI’s Accelerated Program for personal, Six-Figure Copywriting is hands-down the best way I know to growing up with mother get a working knowledge of the world’s most effective copywriting techniques today. “It has, quite simply, become the standard of the industry. William Essay Introduction! Like many direct-response companies, I won’t even consider hiring a copy cub who hasn’t completed both the basic and the advanced program.” “As a marketer who has hundreds of copywriting resources on up with essay his shelf I’ll tell you AWAI knows their stuff!”
For the Aspiring Copywriter A Great Way to Quickly Develop Your Skills. “For the aspiring copywriter new to introduction the arena of persuasive writing, AWAI’s Accelerated Program for up with a single essay, Six-Figure Copywriting is a great way to quickly develop your skills. New Deal Dbq Essay! And those skills can open the door to many lucrative copywriting opportunities, whether in growing up with a single direct response or the even larger universe of freelance commercial writing: helping companies from in english x Fortune 100 on down to 10-person shops craft a whole variety of marketing materials for growing up with essay, rates that can average $70-100 an chemical, hour and hit $150 or more.” The Well-Fed Writer series. (commercial freelancing how-to guides) Step 5: Look for Ongoing Value and Support BEYOND the Program Materials.
Here’s a rather depressing situation you’ve almost certainly experienced You invest in a workshop, conference, college course, or even a how-to book and before it’s over, something awful happens Just as you’re listening to growing mother essay the final lecture, completing the chemical sythesis last exercise, or reading the final chapter, you notice that the up with a single mother essay excitement you felt back at qualifications essay the beginning of your learning journey is gone. It’s evaporated, and when it goes, it gets immediately replaced with that sinking feeling of growing up with essay, With many copywriting programs of this nature, once it’s over, it’s over. You’re on your own, and left to fend for yourself. There’s no ongoing support, no continuous source of blake introduction, motivation, no group of friends to stay in touch with in up with mother a formalized manner and definitely no network of industry professionals who actively post jobs and hire people who took the dbq essay workshop (or read the essay book) year-round. In contrast, we always point out that ALL of these things are included as part of the sythesis AWAI program, in the form of free bonus materials: BONUS #1: THE GOLDEN THREAD OUR WEEKLY E-LETTER JUST FOR COPYWRITERS. As a member of AWAI’s Accelerated Program for a single, Six-Figure Copywriting , you’ll immediately start receiving your FREE subscription to chemical sythesis The Golden Thread our weekly e-letter featuring writing tips, advice, and success stories. It’s a constant stream of practical knowledge and new wisdom delivered right to your inbox every week.
The Golden Thread will educate and motivate you. And it will be just one of many sources for finding paying assignments when the time comes for you to start writing for money. BONUS #2: ACCESS TO MEMBERS-ONLY WEBSITE. You’ll also be given access to AWAI’s Members-Only Website. Check out the latest job list get answers to a single mother essay questions you may have and search the over 1,500 articles archived there. BONUS #3: ACCESS TO MEMBERS-ONLY SUPPPORT COMMUNITY. There’s also the AWAI Member Forum , where AWAIers talk about their new copywriting careers, build friendships, and form copy circles and buddy groups. It’s a great place for like-minded people to essay lapd meet and share ideas. BONUS #4: INVITATION TO MEMBERS-ONLY COPYWRITER’S BOOTCAMP AND JOB FAIR. Then there’s our Annual Copywriter’s Bootcamp and Job Fair , which has become the event of the year for growing mother, up-and-coming writers to mingle with experts, meet marketers, and learn the economics dbq essay latest copywriting secrets in growing a single mother a fast-paced and dynamic environment. (Job Fair attracts dozens of essays in english x, marketing professionals who are searching for new copywriters.
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Why are we going to new deal such great lengths to mother essay ensure you’re completely comfortable and essays, satisfied with the opportunity we’re offering you today? It’s because one thing we’ve learned over 15 years of showing people how to become successful copywriters is that our reputation is only as good as the a single mother essay people whose careers we help launch. If you’re serious about a writing career, we’ll be here to help you master the skills whenever you need us. But if it turns out it’s not for you, the last thing we want is you left with that nagging feeling that you “wasted” your money. That’s why we’ve structured this offer the qualifications lapd way we have: You can try it for very little money up front and no risk whatsoever. Then take a full year to see if the writer’s life is for you again, with absolutely zero risk. Or if you’d prefer to a single mother essay place your order with someone in essays our office, please call Barb, Daffodil, Taya, Dawn, or Shantek toll-free at 1-866-879-2924 during regular business hours. (We’re in a single essay Florida, on william blake essay introduction Eastern Time.)
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2017-18 Common Application Essay Prompts: A Guide. Looking for help with the 2017-18 Common Application Essay? Below CEA’s Founder, Stacey Brook, breaks down all you need to know about this year’s prompts. Stacey Brook, Founder and Chief Advisor. Hello, students and parents of the a single mother future class of 2022! The time has come. The Common App essay prompts for 2017-18 have just been released and—spoiler alert—they’re pretty much the same as last year’s, with a few small but notable changes.
Of the five prompts we have come to know and love so well, two remain exactly the same, and three have undergone minor makeovers to expand the chemical sythesis reach of each question and a single essay the breadth of a student’s potential responses. The Common App has also added two new prompts to chemical sythesis the pot, one of which is a return to the much-coveted “topic of a single essay your choice.” (Cue the confetti!) So 2017-18 college applicants will now have seven (that’s right, seven ) essay prompts to choose from. All of these changes are good news for applicants, who are freer than ever to personal explore essay topics of up with a single mother all tones, styles, and subjects, and who now have a few extra cues at their fingertips to help ignite their creativity. These personal stories and feats of insight will again be relegated to 650 words, which equates to a little more than a single-spaced page. We happen to believe this is the chemical sythesis perfect amount of space in a single mother, which to make a quick and powerful impression with admissions (or write a comprehensive fan letter to chemical sythesis Beyonce), so as far as we’re concerned, you’re golden. Because we are committed to getting you the most timely and comprehensive essay advice on the interweb, we have made a guide to help you navigate the ins and outs of all seven prompts. For those who have been using last year’s prompts as a reference up until now, we have noted which selections have been adjusted for the 2017-18 application cycle, and which prompts are new altogether. Before you dive (or cannonball!) into our pool of growing a single essay essay advice, we’d like to qualifications lapd leave you with one last little secret: the prompts are not actually as important as you think they are. In fact, in growing a single mother, our instructional video series and theatre private advising, we encourage applicants to root around for up with a single essay their most meaningful stories first and consider the prompts later. This is a process we call the Backwards Brainstorm, and you can learn more about it here.
For now, the main point we want you to take away is this: The prompts don#8217;t really matter . What matters is the essay story you want to tell. (And that you floss at least every other day—trust us, it will pay off in the long run.) We are as sure as ever that every single one of you has a valuable story (or two or twelve!) to communicate to up with admissions. All it takes is new deal, ample time for growing a single mother reflection and a little writerly elbow grease to find it. Essay? So take a peek at growing a single what the new deal economics dbq essay 2017-18 application has in store for you, absorb what these prompts are really asking, and then forget about up with a single mother essay, them (really!) as you explore the endless possibilities. PROMPT #1: Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. Essay? If this sounds like you, then please share your story. [No change] The Common App’s Prompt #1 is the Old Faithful of essay questions. It’s been around for years and offers all the flexibility an growing up with a single, applicant could ask for from a prompt, with just enough direction to get those creative fountains flowing. Focus on in english for class x, the key words “background,” “identity,” “interest,” and “talent” and use them as launch points for your brainstorming. Growing Up With Essay? What about your history, personality, hobbies, or accomplishments might be worth highlighting for an admissions officer? It can be something as small as seeing an episode of a television show (are you living life in the Upside Down?) or as large as the theatre comparison struggle of moving to a foreign country (especially if you had to leave behind grandma’s cooking). The most important thing to consider for this prompt is that your subject and/or perspective is dynamic and up with specific to essays you and who you are and growing up with mother no one else. In English X? Some questions to ask yourself as you brainstorm: What about my history or background sets me apart from up with a single essay, my peers?
How do I define myself? How do the people who are closest to me define me? What have I achieved that has been integral in molding my character and ambitions? What, in my seventeen years on this earth, has helped shape the on sexuality person I am today? And some examples to consider: Has your family’s love of food and your resultant adventurous tastes and culinary curiosity allowed you to connect with cultures from around the world? Does your crazy, dyed-blue hair define you?
Did going to a Picasso exhibit inspire you to start an art collection that has since expanded beyond the up with a single borders of william blake essay your bedroom? Have your yearly trips to see your extended family in growing up with a single, China revealed something to you about essays, your parents’ ability to overcome challenges and the work ethic you have absorbed as a result? What are the challenges and rewards of having same-sex parents? Or of being raised by your siblings? Or of being part of a family made up of stepsisters and a single mother essay stepbrothers? Overall, this prompt is what we at College Essay Advisors call a “choose-your-own-adventure” prompt.
It has historically served as a fabulous catch-all for blake introduction subjects that don’t fit within the confines of the up with other prompt options. A recent addition to the Common App’s prompt selection now offers even more freedom to essays applicants (more on that later), but students should still think of Prompt #1 as a topic of up with a single mother immense choice, reeled in by a few helpful guidelines. PROMPT #2: The lessons we take from obstacles we encounter can be fundamental to later success. Recount a time when you faced a challenge, setback, or failure . How did it affect you, and what did you learn from the essays experience? [Revisions in growing mother, italics] We have always believed that essays about overcoming obstacles are most effective when they focus more on solutions than problems. Accordingly, students’ responses to Prompt #2 should be directed at a student’s response, outlook, and demeanor when presented with one of life’s many hurdles, and chemical applicants should aim to showcase qualities like resilience, determination, and humility. The obstacles you choose to explore can vary widely in nature, especially with the recent additions that allow students to explore challenges and setbacks in addition to failures. They can be as serious as being tormented by bullies, as ingrained as the financial issues that have plagued your family for years, or as seemingly pedestrian as a mistake that costs you a tip while waiting tables. While the possibilities are almost endless, students should be careful not to choose challenges that may seem trite (the inability to achieve an A on an exam and/or secure tickets to that Drake concert) or that illustrate a lapse in good judgment (that time you crashed your car or ate 15 bags of Cheetos in one sitting).
Still, if you can isolate an growing up with mother essay, incident of trial in your life and on sexuality how you learned from it, this can be a rewarding prompt to explore. Some key questions to consider: How do you deal with hardship? What qualifies as a challenge or setback in your life and growing a single world? Are you the kind of person who can rebound—who turns every experience, good or bad, into one from which you can learn something? What experiences might illustrate this quality? What have been some of the major challenges you’ve encountered in your life, and was there a silver lining? And a few examples to think about: Has a lifelong battle with stuttering ultimately increased your overall confidence and allowed you to participate in social activities and public forums without self-judgment? Did a parent’s fragile health situation challenge you to take on more responsibilities than the average teenager?
Did a series of personal lapd setbacks on growing up with a single, your road to becoming a child actor introduce you to screenwriting, your professional goal and qualifications essay lapd biggest passion? Did your failure to up with a single essay follow directions lead you to william blake introduction a botched home science experiment (root beer explosion!) and an appreciation for a balance of creativity and planned procedure? Overall, try to keep these stories as positive as possible. Remember, these essays are not just contemplative musings on your toughest times or reflections on the hiccups that populate everyday life (though these things can certainly be touched upon); they are also about overcoming obstacles and refusing to submit to life’s greatest challenges. PROMPT #3: Reflect on a time when you questioned or challenged a belief or idea. What prompted your thinking ? What was the outcome ? [Revisions in italics] This remains one of the most challenging prompts of the Common App’s selection, even though it has become slightly friendlier with the addition of the up with essay option to discuss a time you questioned an essays, idea instead of challenging it. This prompt requires a student to speak passionately about beliefs and growing essay ideology, which are often onerous subjects that can be difficult to mold into compact stories. Chemical Sythesis? It can be one of the hardest questions to steer in growing up with a single mother essay, a positive, productive direction without traveling into preachy, overly didactic territory. Essay Theatre Comparison? This is a single essay, also a more precarious prompt than most in that students need to carefully assess the risks of essays on sexuality espousing beliefs that might be polarizing for the readers of their applications. That said, a response to this prompt can be incisive and deeply personal, as it was for a student who stood up to her parents’ old-fashioned outlook on feminism.
Applicants who can articulate their thoughts and feelings while showcasing malleability and willingness to thoughtfully consider the ideas of growing up with mother others will likely stand out as valuable additions to any campus. If this prompt jumps out at you because you have a very specific story to tell or opinion to voice, run with it! Consider these questions as you brainstorm: When has your opinion been unpopular? Why are you the kind of person who is willing to stand up for what you believe in? What is important to you on a fundamental level of morals and values? How passionate are you about the things you believe in? And here are a few examples for you to ponder: Are you openly gay in a strict Catholic school environment, and what has that meant for your self-esteem and personal relationships?
Did you work as an intern on a political campaign caught at the center of a scandal? How did you react? Did you challenge the idea of horror as a throwaway genre by executing an extensive research paper on the subject, launching a horror movie club at school, and chemical sythesis arranging the most elaborate, best-received haunted house your neighborhood has ever seen? Your essay does not have to up with be focused around a fundamentally serious or groundbreaking issue (see the horror genre example above). What matters most when responding to this prompt is that you have strong convictions about the belief or idea you are trying to convey, and that you examine the personal effects of this ethos on chemical sythesis, your life and world. For this reason, Prompt #3 can be a great vehicle for showcasing your consideration, persuasive skills, and growing a single essay passions to admissions.
PROMPT #4: Describe a problem you’ve solved or a problem you’d like to on sexuality solve. It can be an intellectual challenge, a research query, an ethical dilemma-anything that is of personal importance, no matter the up with a single scale. Explain its significance to you and what steps you took or could be taken to william blake introduction identify a solution. Mother Essay? [No change] We love Prompt #4, which asks students to talk about a problem and how they solved or are planning to solve it. This question is similar to Prompt #2 in that it is comparison, meant to tease out a student’s problem-solving skills and provide a glimpse into an applicant’s frame of mind when dealing with challenges. Growing Up With Essay? It also provides a few bonus opportunities for creative expression, leaving both the scale and x the time frame for setting up a problem/solution wide open.
Students should think about everything from up with essay, more traditional obstacles they have had to overcome to the small predicaments that have inspired them to think about what they really value. Applicants should also keep in mind that this prompt can be approached from an aspirational perspective. In other words: you don’t simply have to choose from problems you’ve already solved. Think about economics, what challenges the future might bring, both personally and on a global scale. Up With A Single Mother Essay? How might you be part of meaningful progress and problem-solving moving forward? Some other questions to ponder: When have you been proactive in attempting to effect change? What inspires you to action?
What kind of mark would you like to leave on the world? How do you think you can positively contribute to chemical sythesis a cause that is important to you? If you had the up with a single mother power to william essay make a lasting impact in any area at all, what would it be? And examples to use as food for essay thought: Has your love of nature inspired you to start a charity to help save local endangered species? Did your desire to make a stronger, non-tearable hockey lace launch you on an entrepreneurial adventure you never fully anticipated? Has your commitment to pursuing medical research inspired you to contact your favorite professors and william blake researchers looking for growing a single mother essay summer lab positions, and to read every scientific paper you can get your hands on?
It is important that the problem you choose is chemical sythesis, linked to your life and a single mother essay world in a meaningful way. In English For Class? The whole purpose of this essay-writing exercise is to reveal something valuable about yourself to growing mother essay admissions, so be sure to on sexuality link the problem you highlight to your passions, actions, or aspirations. A Single? And don’t forget to detail at least a few steps you would/could take to solve your chosen quandary. While the comparison prompts don’t really matter in the initial conception phases of an up with a single mother, essay (as you now know), once you’ve backed into your prompt of choice, following instructions to on sexuality the fullest and answering all parts of each question are critical. PROMPT #5: Discuss an growing up with a single mother essay, accomplishment, event, or realization that sparked a period of personal growth and a new understanding of yourself or others . Essays On Sexuality? [Revisions in italics] This is the up with a single most heavily revised of last year’s prompts, which used to ask students to describe a transition from lapd, childhood to adulthood. The purview of the inquiry has been expanded to ask about personal growth in general, leaving the lessons and timing of an growing up with a single, applicant’s transformation more open-ended. Students are also now free to dbq essay reflect on a “realization” in addition to growing a single mother essay an “event” or “occurrence.” While a realization that changes your understanding of the world will likely be sparked by a concrete marker (i.e., an event or accomplishment), we are happy to essays in english for class take the added flexibility from you, Common App.
Thank you very much. There are a few things to note when unpacking this prompt. Growing Mother? Keep in mind that the economics dbq essay words “accomplishment” and mother “event” leave themselves open to interpretation; thus, an essay inspired by this question can tackle anything from a formal event to a very small occurrence. A formal event or accomplishment might include anything from obvious landmarks like birthdays or weddings, to achievements like earning an award or receiving a promotion. More informal examples might include something as simple as meeting a special person in your life, taking a car ride, or eating a particularly meaningful meal. We have often found that smaller, less formal events make for more surprising and memorable essays, but as with any of the other prompts, as long as you can answer with originality and william essay put a unique twist on growing up with a single mother, your subject matter, all ideas, formal or informal, big or small, are fair game.
Your reflection on what you learned and how you grew will be a source of great insight for admissions, and you want to make sure your essay highlights the intangible qualities that don’t show up anywhere else on economics dbq essay, an application. Some other things to consider: How do you react to growing up with mother essay periods of transition? What inspires a change in your perspective? When have you had a “eureka” moment, and how has it impacted the way you lived your life thereafter? What were the moments in life that fundamentally changed you as a person?
When did you learn something that made you feel more adult, more capable, more grown up? Did your expansion of a handmade stationery hobby into a full-fledged business give you the motivation and wherewithal to combat the effects of a debilitating illness? Have you learned to love the football team playback sessions that force you to routinely examine your mistakes but also to welcome constructive criticism and point yourself toward self-improvement? Did a summer-long role as the chemical U.S. President in a mock government and diplomacy exercise bring out leadership skills you never knew you had? What did playing bridge at a senior citizens’ home each week show you about the a single value of enjoyment over competition? How did this change the blake essay way you interact and up with essay connect with others? The most important thing to keep in mind when searching for these moments is the element of growth, understanding, and essay introduction transformation. The event, accomplishment, or realization you discuss should be something that helped you understand the world around you through a different, more mature lens. And, as with Prompt #4, be sure to answer all parts of the question.
PROMPT #6: Describe a topic, idea, or concept you find so engaging that it makes you lose all track of time. Why does it captivate you? What or who do you turn to when you want to learn more? [New!!] This is one of the up with mother essay Common App’s brand new additions for the 2017-18 application cycle, and we cannot contain our nerdy excitement, especially since this prompt was built to essays on sexuality highlight a student’s inner nerd. College, one could argue, is up with mother essay, largely about the pursuit of knowledge, so you can imagine it would be quite appealing for an admissions officer to have a meter for essays for class your level of up with self-motivated learning, along with a better understanding of how and why you choose to pay attention to the things that intrigue you. Blake Essay? This is a full-on peek into your brain: how you process information, how you seek out new sources of content and inspiration. A Single Mother Essay? How resourceful are you when your curiosity is piqued to the fullest? The answer to this prompt should also reveal something to admissions about the breadth or depth of qualifications lapd your interests. Growing Up With Mother? For example, if you’re interested in studying astrophysics, you might choose to discuss a concept that shows how far your exploration of the sciences truly reaches. How consumed are you by theatre comparison this passion you are choosing to pursue academically? Some key questions to consider: What floats your boat?
Do you have an appetite for knowledge about something specific? Or as we’ve asked in the breakdown for Prompt #1: What do you love, and why do you love it? What lengths have you gone to up with essay in order to new deal dbq essay acquire new information about or experiences related to a topic of interest? How do you typically seek to growing mother essay enrich your knowledge when something appeals to you? Do you have a favorite corner or the library (or internet)? A mentor who is essays on sexuality, open to up with essay answering your burning questions? What about the process of learning, especially about subjects that call out to you, is satisfying? And a few examples to get those wheels turning: Did the new deal dbq essay idea of growing up with essay open source code inspire you to lapd create a tech startup with a few of your friends? What projects do you work on, and why is the idea of a single sharing information still so revolutionary?
Did getting an internship at an accounting firm inspire you to essay theatre start each day by up with a single mother essay checking the economics markets? Do you participate in a mock trading club that allows you to use the expertise you gather from culling through economic news and analysis online and beyond? On any given Sunday morning, will we find you lost in the literature of Kurt Vonnegut or immersed in a collection of up with a single mother stories by Isaac Asimov? Have you taught yourself to master the compositions of Mozart and sythesis Beethoven and break down the growing mother songs of Bruno Mars by ear in your spare time? Do you have an obsession with pizza so intense it led you to study bread-making and keep a pizza journal that documents the new deal 700+ slices you’ve consumed thus far? (We know someone who did this—really.) How is pizza-making more scientific and/or artistic than the average person realizes? Whatever you’re into, embrace it.
Show your feathers. Let your freak flag fly (within reason, obvs). This prompt is about the pursuit of knowledge and your desire to proactively challenge yourself. Whether you are devouring the a single mother classics on your Kindle or nerding out over the perfect cheese for calzone-making, your attachment to a subject may inspire admissions to want to william introduction learn more about it…and you. PROMPT #7: Share an essay on growing up with, any topic of your choice. It can be one you’ve already written, one that responds to a different prompt, or one of your own design. [New!!] IT FINALLY HAPPENED. The return, not of the king, not of the Jedi, not even of the Mack, but of the topic of essays your choice. Feared by growing up with a single some, coveted by others, and new deal dbq essay legendary in its existence, regardless of where you stand on the issue, this is a newsworthy edition to the 2017-18 Common App prompt choices.
For years, students have been treating Prompt #1 (which asks about your background, etc.) as Topic of Your Choice Light—it wasn’t exactly the growing a single mother delicious, full-freedom version students were looking for, but they were able to for class x make it work in growing, a pinch. Perhaps it was the Coalition Application’s inclusion of a topic of your choice in their first-ever round of essay topic options (which will remain the same this year) that pressured the Common App to bring back the economics dbq essay any-flavor-you-wish option to their application. Regardless of the reason, applicants around the world likely let out a big exhale when they saw they could serve up a big scoop of Prompt #7 to admissions this year. While we won’t know for sure until the Common App’s full release (which usually happens in August), we are guessing that students might be required to fill in a custom prompt to growing up with a single mother match their essay response for this true choose-your-own-adventure style query. For this reason, we recommend having a question of your own making at the ready if you choose to take advantage of Prompt #7. It will be good to have it on hand, just in case, and it’s also a fun exercise in wrapping your head around what exactly you are trying to accomplish with the subject you’ve chosen and introduction the essay you have created. Growing Up With Mother? Some questions to consider as you brainstorm, in addition to all of the ones we’ve posed thus far: What do you want admissions to know about you that they wouldn’t be able to glean from chemical sythesis, your transcript, test scores, or teacher recommendations? What are the stories that come up over and over again, at the dinner table or in the cafeteria with your friends, that might give admissions some insight into who you are and what is important to you? If you had ten minutes alone in a room with an up with a single essay, admissions officer, what would you want to talk about essays on sexuality, or tell him or her about yourself? What would you bring to a college campus that no one else would or could?
And a few examples of potential subjects and mother essay their related (custom!) prompts: Were you born with a congenital eye defect that literally (and metaphorically) affects how you see the world? ( Q: How is your perspective on the world unique?) Do you spend 40 minutes each Friday night tutoring a class of elementary school students in Cambodia? How has that impacted the way you mete out your time and assess your commitments? ( Q: What is the value of on sexuality 40 minutes?) Did your parents let your older brother choose your name? What was his inspiration? (Please tell us your name is Gaston.) What does your name represent for you? How has it impacted your interactions in the world? ( Q: What’s in a name?) While being able to write about whatever you wish sounds great in theory, some students find—especially at a single mother essay the beginning of the chemical sythesis brainstorming process—that they are debilitated by the “topic of your choice” option because it offers too much choice. If that is the case, fear not! Use some of the other prompts as starting points for your brainstorming and freewriting journeys. Begin keeping a diary (now!) and jot down subjects, events, and memories as they float to the surface. Now that you have read our handy-dandy prompt guide and understand what admissions is looking for from these prompts, you could very well have a notebook filled with ideas that are ripe for expansion by the time you sit down to write. So don’t worry about having too many ideas, or not having enough ideas, especially at the beginning of the topic selection process. Once you figure out what you’d like to say (and maybe even after you draft the crux of the essay itself), see if your concept fits one of the first six prompts.
Trying to back into a more specific prompt option may inspire an interesting spin on the story you are trying to tell—one you may not have thought of otherwise. Growing Up With Mother Essay? If, after careful consideration, your magic essay topic does not work within the confines of for class x Prompts 1-6, you are in luck. Essay? The glorious, all-encompassing Prompt #7 will be here to catch you. With some brainstorming and hard work, every student can uncover a story worth telling in response to essays in english for class x one of these prompts. Remember, admissions wants a glimpse of your personality, your values, your interests and your passions. They want to get an idea of what kind of attitude and energy you will bring to the classroom and campus life. Growing A Single Essay? So take a few minutes to probe your memories, collect your stories and strike up that creative core. Every student has a fabulous essay inside of essay theatre them – these prompts can help you find yours. Contact us for growing up with a single mother information on rates and more!
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essay on primitivism Division of labor, which has had so much to do with bringing us to the present global crisis, works daily to a single mother, prevent our understanding the origins of this horrendous present. Mary Lecron Foster (1990) surely errs on the side of understatement in allowing that anthropology is today in danger of serious and lapd damaging fragmentation. Shanks and Tilley (1987b) voice a rare, related challenge: The point of archaeology is not merely to interpret the past but to change the manner in which the past is interpreted in the service of social reconstruction in the present. Of course, the social sciences themselves work against growing up with a single essay, the breadth and depth of vision necessary to such a reconstruction. In terms of qualifications lapd, human origins and development, the array of splintered fields and sub-fields- anthropology, archaeology, paleontology, ethnology, paleobotany, ethnoanthropology, etc., etc. - mirrors the narrowing, crippling effect that civilization has embodied from its very beginning. Nonetheless, the literature can provide highly useful assistance, if approached with an appropriate method and a single awareness and the desire to proceed past its limitations.
In fact, the weakness of more or less orthodox modes of thinking can and does yield to essays on sexuality, the demands of an increasingly dissatisfied society. Unhappiness with contemporary life becomes distrust with the official lies that are told to up with a single, legitimate that life, and william blake introduction a truer picture of human development emerges. Renunciation and subjugation in modern life have long been explained as necessary concomitants of human nature. After all, our pre-civilized existence of deprivation, brutality, and ignorance made authority a benevolent gift that rescued us from savagery. Cave man and `Neanderthal' are still invoked to remind us where we would be without religion, government, and toil. This ideological view of growing up with, our past has been radically overturned in essays, recent decades, through the work of academics like Richard Lee and Marshall Sahlins. A nearly complete reversal in anthropological orthodoxy has come about, with important implications. Now we can see that life before domestication/agriculture was in up with a single, fact largely one of leisure, intimacy with nature, sensual wisdom, sexual equality, and health. This was our human nature, for a couple of million years, prior to enslavement by priests, kings, and bosses. And lately another stunning revelation has appeared, a related one that deepens the first and may be telling us something equally important about who we were and what we might again become. The main line of attack against dbq essay, new descriptions of gatherer-hunter life has been, though often indirect or not explicitly stated, to characterize that life, condescendingly, as the most an evolving species could achieve at an early stage.
Thus, the argument allows that there was a long period of apparent grace and pacific existence, but says that humans simply didn't have the mental capacity to leave simple ways behind in favor of complex social and growing mother technological achievement. In another fundamental blow to civilization, we now learn that not only was human life once, and for so long, a state that did not know alienation or domination, but as the investigations since the '80s by archaeologists John Fowlett, Thomas Wynn, and others have shown, those humans possessed an intelligence at least equal to our own. At a stroke, as it were, the `ignorance' thesis is disposed of, and we contemplate where we came from in a new light. To put the issue of mental capacity in context, it is useful to review the various (and again, ideologically loaded) interpretations of human origins and development. Robert Ardrey (1961, 1976) served up a bloodthirsty, macho version of prehistory, as have to slightly lesser degrees, Desmond Morris and essays on sexuality Lionel Tiger. Up With? Similarly, Freud and Konrad Lorenz wrote of the innate depravity of the species, thereby providing their contributions to hierarchy and power in the present. Fortunately, a far more plausible outlook has emerged, one that corresponds to the overall version of Paleolithic life in on sexuality, general. Food sharing has for some time been considered an integral part of earliest human society (e.g. Washburn and DeVore, 1961). Jane Goodall (1971) and Richard Leakey (1978), among others, have con- cluded that it was the key element in establishing our uniquely Homo development at least as early as 2 million years ago.
This emphasis, carried forward since the early '70s by Linton, Zihlman, Tanner, and Isaac, has become ascendant. One of the telling arguments in favor of the a single essay cooperation thesis, as against that of generalized violence and male domination, involves a diminishing, during early evolution, of the difference in chemical, size and strength between males and females. Up With? Sexual dimorphism, as it is called, was originally very pronounced, including such features as prominent canines or fighting teeth in males and much smaller canines for the female. The disappearance of essay, large male canines strongly suggests that the female of the growing a single species exercised a selection for sociable, sharing males. Most apes today have significantly longer and larger canines, male to female, in the absence of this female choice capacity (Zihlman 1981, Tanner 1981).
Division of labor between the sexes is essays for class x, another key area in growing up with mother essay, human beginnings, a condition once simply taken for granted and expressed by the term hunter-gatherer. Now it is essays in english x, widely accepted that gathering of plant foods, once thought to be the exclusive domain of women and of secondary importance to hunting by males, constituted the main food source (Johansen and Shreeve 1989). Since females were not significantly dependent on males for food (Hamilton 1984), it seems likely that rather than division of growing a single mother essay, labor, flexibility and joint activity would have been central (Bender 1989). As Zihlman (1981) points out, an overall behavioral flexibility may have been the primary ingredient in early human existence. Joan Gero (1991) has demonstrated that stone tools were as likely to have been made by women as by men, and sythesis indeed Poirier (1987) reminds us that there is growing a single essay, no archaeological evidence supporting the contention that early humans exhibited a sexual division of on sexuality, labor.
It is unlikely that food collecting involved much, if any division of labor (Slocum 1975) and probably that sexual specialization came quite late in human evolution (Zihlman 1981, Crader and Isaac 1981). So if the adaptation that began our species centered on gathering, when did hunting come in? Binford (1984) has argued that there is no indication of use of animal products (i.e. evidence of butchery practices) until the appearance, relatively quite recent, of anatomically modern humans. Electron microscope studies of fossil teeth found in growing mother, East Africa (Walker 1984) suggest a diet composed primarily of fruit, while a similar examination of stone tools from theatre comparison, a 1.5 million-year-old site at Koobi Fora in Kenya (Keeley and growing a single essay Toth 1981) shows that they were used on plant materials. The small amount of meat in new deal economics dbq essay, the early Paleolithic diet was probably scavenged, rather than hunted (Ehrenberg 1989b). The `natural' condition of the species was evidently a diet made up largely of vegetables rich in fiber, as opposed to the modern high fat and animal protein diet with its attendant chronic disorders (Mendeloff 1977).
Though our early forbears employed their detailed knowledge of the environment and cognitive mapping (Zihlman 1981) in the service of a plant-gathering subsistence, the archaeological evidence for up with hunting appears to blake introduction, slowly increase with time (Hodder 1991). Much evidence, however, has overturned assumptions as to widespread prehistoric hunting. Collections of bones seen earlier as evidence of large kills of mammals, for example, have turned out to be, upon closer examination, the results of a single essay, movement by flowing water or caches by animals. Lewis Binford's Were There Elephant Hunters at Tooralba? (1989) is a good instance of such a closer look, in which he doubts there was significant hunting until 200,000 years ago or sooner. Adrienne Zihlman (1981) has concluded that hunting arose relatively late in evolution, and may not extend beyond the blake introduction last one hundred thousand years. And there are many (e.g. Straus 1986, Trinkhaus 1986) who do not see evidence for serious hunting of large mammals until even later, viz. the later Upper Paleolithic, just before the emergence of agriculture. The oldest known surviving artifacts are stone tools from Hadar in eastern Africa. With more refined dating methods, they may prove to be 3.1 million years old (Klein 1989). Growing A Single Essay? Perhaps the main reason these may be classified as representing human effort is personal qualifications lapd, that they involve the crafting of one tool by using another, a uniquely human attribute so far as we know.
Homo habilis, or handy man, designates what has been thought of as the first known human species, its name reflecting association with the earliest stone tools (Coppens 1989). Basic wooden and bone implements, though more perishable and thus scantily represented in the archaeological record, were also used by Homo habilis as part of a remarkably simple and effective adaptation in Africa and Asia (Fagan 1990). Our ancestors at this stage had smaller brains and bodies than we do, but Poirier (1987) notes that their postcranial anatomy was rather like modern humans, and Holloway (1972, 1974) allows that his studies of cranial endocasts from mother essay, this period indicate a bascally modern brain organization. Similarly, tools older than 2 mil- lion years have been found to dbq essay, exhibit a consistent right-handed orientation in the ways stone has been flaked off in their formation. Right-handedness as a tendency is correlated in moderns with such distinctly human features as pronounced lateralization of the brain and marked functional separation of the cerebral hemispheres (Holloway 1981a). Klein (1989) concludes that basic human cognitive and communicational abilities are almost certainly implied. Homo erectus is the other main predecessor to Homo sapiens, according to longstanding usage, appearing about essay, 1.75 million years ago as humans moved out of forests into drier, more open African grasslands.
Although brain size alone does not necessarily correlate with mental capacity, the cranial capacity of Homo erectus overlaps with that of moderns such that this species must have been capable of many of the same behaviors (Ciochon, Olsen and Tames 1990). As Johanson and Edey (1981) put it, If the largest-brained erectus were to be rated against introduction, the smallest-brained sapiens - all their other characteristics ignored - their species names would have to be reversed. Growing A Single Essay? Homo Neanderthalus, which immediately preceded us, possessed brains somewhat larger than our own (Delson 1985, Holloway 1985, Donald 1991). Though of course the much-maligned Neanderthal has been pictured as a primitive, brutish creature - in keeping with the prevailing Hobbesian ideology - despite manifest intelligence as well as enormous physical strength (Shreeve 1991). Recently, however, the whole species framework has become a doubtful proposition (Day 1987, Rightmire 1990). Attention has been drawn to the fact that fossil specimens from various Homo species all show intermediate morphological traits, leading to suspicion of an arbitrary division of humanity into separate taxa (Gingerich 1979, Tobias 1982). Fagan (1989), for example, tells us that it is very hard to draw a clear taxonomic boundary between Homo erectus and archaic Homo sapiens on the one hand, and between archaic and anatomically modern Homo sapiens on the other. Likewise, Foley (1989): the anatomical distinctions between Homo erectus and Homo sapiens are not great. Jelinek (1978) flatly declares that there is no good reason, anatomical or cultural for essay theatre comparison separating erectus and sapiens into two species, and has concluded (1980a) that people from at least the mother Middle Paleolithic onward may be viewed as Homo sapiens (as does Hublin 1986).
The tremendous upward revision of early intelligence, discussed below, must be seen as connected to the present confusion over species, as the once-prevailing overall evolutionary model gives way. But the controversy over species categorization is only interesting in the context of how our earliest forbears lived. Despite the comparison minimal nature of what could be expected to survive so many millennia, we can glimpse some of the texture of that life, with its often elegant, pre-division of growing up with mother essay, labor approaches. The tool kit from the on sexuality Olduvai Gorge area made famous by the Leakeys contains at least six clearly recognizable tool types dating from about 1.7 million years ago (M. Leakey, 1978). There soon appeared the Acheulian handaxe, with its symmetrical beauty, in use for growing up with a single mother essay about a million years. Teardrop-shaped, and possessed of a remarkable balance, it exudes grace and utility from an essays on sexuality era much prior to sym- bolization. Up With Mother? Isaac (1986) noted that the basic needs for sharp edges that humans have can be met from the varied range of personal essay, forms generated from `Oldowan' patterns of stone flaking, wondering how it came to be thought that more complex equals better adapted. In this distant early time, according to cut-marks found on surviving bones, humans were using scavenged animal sinews and skins for such things as cord, bags, and growing up with essay rugs (Gowlett 1984). Personal Qualifications Essay Lapd? Further evidence suggests furs for cave wall coverings and seats, and seaweed beds for up with a single essay sleeping (Butzer 1970).
The use of fire goes back almost 2 million years (Kempe 1988) and might have appeared even earlier but for the tropical conditions of personal qualifications essay, humanity's original African homeland, as Poirier (1987) implies. Perfected fire-making included the growing up with a single firing of caves to eliminate insects and heated pebble floors (Perles 1975, Lumley 1976), amenities that show up very early in the Paleolithic. As John Gowlett (1986) notes, there are still some archaeologists who consider anything earlier than Homo sapiens, a mere 30,000 years ago, as greatly more primitive than we fully human types. William Blake Introduction? But along with the documentation, referred to above, of fundamentally `modern' brain anatomy even in early humans, this minority must now contend with recent work depicting complete human intelligence as present virtually with the a single birth of the chemical Homo species. Thomas Wynn (1985) judged manufacture of the growing up with mother essay Acheulian handaxe to have required a stage of intelligence that is typical of fully modern adults. In English For Class? Gowlett, like Wynn, examines the required operational thinking involved in the right hammer, the right force and growing up with a single essay the right striking angle, in an ordered sequence and theatre comparison with flexibility needed for modifying the procedure. He contends that manipulation, concentration, visualization of a single mother essay, form in three dimensions, and planning were needed, and that these requirements were the common property of early human beings as much as two million years ago, and this, he adds, is hard knowledge, not speculation.
During the vast time-span of the Paleolithic, there were remarkably few changes in technology (Rolland 1990). Innovation, over 2 1/2 million years measured in stone tool development was practically nil, according to Gerhard Kraus (1990). Seen in the light of economics, what we now know of prehistoric intelligence, such `stagnation' is especially vexing to many social scientists. It is up with a single, difficult to comprehend such slow development, in the judgment of chemical sythesis, Wymer (1989). It strikes me as very plausible that intelligence, informed by the success and satisfaction of a single, a gatherer-hunter existence, is the very reason for the pronounced absence of `progress'. Division of labor, domestication, symbolic culture--these were evidently refused until very recently.
Contemporary thought, in its postmodern incarnation, would like to essays in english for class x, rule out the reality of a divide between nature and culture; given the abilities present among people before civilization, however, it may be more accurate to say that basically, they long chose nature over culture. It is also popular to see almost every human act or object as symbolic (e.g. Botscharow 1989), a position which is, generally speaking, part of the denial of a nature versus culture distinction. But it is culture as the manipulation of growing up with a single, basic symbolic forms that is involved here. It also seems clear that reified time, language (written, certainly, and probably spoken language for all or most of this period), number, and art had no place, despite an intelligence fully capable of them. I would like to interject, in passing, my agreement with Goldschmidt (1990) that the hidden dimension in sythesis, the construction of the mother symbolic world is time. Comparison? And as Norman O. Brown put it, life not repressed is not in historical time, which I take as a reminder that time as a materiality is not inherent in reality, but a cultural imposition, perhaps the first cultural imposition, on it. As this elemental dimension of symbolic culture progresses, so does, by equal steps, alienation from the natural. Cohen (1974) has discussed symbols as essential for the development and maintenance of social order. Which implies--as does, more forcefully, a great deal of positive evidence--that before the emergence of symbols there was no condition of dis-order requiring them. In a similar vein, Levi-Strauss (1953) pointed out that mythical thought always progresses from the awareness of oppositions toward their resolution.
So whence the absence of order, the conflicts or oppositions? The literature on growing up with a single, the Paleolithic contains almost nothing that deals with this essential question, among thousands of monographs on essay comparison, specific features. A reasonable hypothesis, in my opinion, is that division of labor, unnoticed because of up with essay, its glacially slow pace, and not sufficiently understood because of its newness, began to cause small fissures in the human community and unhealthy practices vis-a-vis nature. In the later Upper Paleolithic, 15,000 years ago, we begin to observe specialized collection of plants in the Middle East, and specialized hunting, observed Gowlett (1984). The sudden appearance of personal essay lapd, symbolic activities (e.g. ritual and growing up with a single art) in the Upper Paleolithic has definitely seemed to archaeologists one of prehistory's big surprises (Binford 1972b), given the absence of such behaviors in the Middle Paleolithic (Foster 1990, Kozlowski 1990). But signs of division of labor and specialization were making their presence felt as a breakdown of wholeness and qualifications essay natural order, a lack that needed redressing. Growing A Single? What is new deal dbq essay, surprising is that this transition to civilization can still be seen as benign. Foster (1990) seems to growing up with a single essay, celebrate it by concluding that the symbolic mode. has proved extraordinarily adaptive, else why has Homo sapiens become material master of the world? He is certainly correct, as he is to recognize the manipulation of symbols [to be] the very stuff of culture, but he appears oblivious to the fact that this successful adaptation has brought alienation and theatre comparison destruction of up with a single mother, nature along to qualifications essay, their present horrifying prominence.
It is reasonable to assume that the symbolic world originated in the formulation of language, which somehow appeared from a matrix of extensive nonverbal communication (Tanner and Zihlman 1976) and face-to-face contact. Growing Up With Essay? There is no agreement as to when language began, but no evidence exists of speech before the cultural `explosion' of the later Upper Paleolithic (Dibble 1984, 1989). It seems to have acted as an inhibiting agent, a way of bringing life under greater control (Mumford 1972), stemming the flood of images and essay theatre sensations to which the pre-modern individual was open. In this sense it would have likely marked an early turning away from a life of openness and communion with nature, toward one more oriented to up with mother, the overlordship and domestication that followed symbolic culture's inauguration. It is probably a mistake, by sythesis, the way, to growing up with, assume that thought is advanced (if there were such a thing as `neutral' thought, whose advance could be universally appreciat- ed) because we actually think in essays in english, language; there is no conclusive evidence that we must do so (Allport 1983). There are many cases (Lecours and Joanette 1980, Levine et al. 1982), involving stroke and like impairments, of patients who have lost speech, including the ability to talk silently to themselves, who were fully capable of coherent thought of all kinds. These data strongly suggest that human intellectual skill is uniquely powerful, even in the absence of language (Donald 1991). In terms of symbolization in action, Goldschmidt (1990) seems correct in judging that the Upper Paleolithic invention of ritual may well have been the keystone in the structure of culture that gave it its great impetus for growing up with mother expansion. For Class X? Ritual has played a number of pivotal roles in what Hodder (1990) termed the relentless unfolding of symbolic and social structures accompanying the arrival of cultural mediation. It was as a means of achieving and consolidating social cohesion that ritual was essential (Johnson 1982, Conkey 1985); totemic rituals, for example, reinforce clan unity.
The start of an up with a single essay appreciation of william introduction, domestication, or taming of nature, is up with a single mother essay, seen in a cultural ordering of the wild, through ritual. Evidently, the female as a cultural category, viz. Essay Introduction? seen as wild or dangerous, dates from essay, this period. The ritual Venus figurines appear as of 25,000 years ago, and seem to be an economics example of earliest symbolic likeness of growing, women for the purpose of representation and lapd control (Hodder 1990). Even more concretely, subjugation of the wild occurs at this time in the first systematic hunting of growing a single mother, large mammals; ritual was an integral part of this activity (Hammond 1974, Frison 1986). Ritual, as shamanic practice, may also be considered as a regression from that state in which all shared a consciousness we would now classify as extrasensory (Leonard 1972). When specialists alone claim access to such perceptual heights as may have once been communal, further backward moves in division of labor are facilitated or enhanced. The way back to bliss through ritual is a virtually universal mythic theme, promising the dissolution of measurable time, among other joys. This theme of ritual points to an absence that it falsely claims to fill, as does symbolic culture in general. Ritual as a means of organizing emotions, a method of cultural direction and restraint, introduces art, a facet of ritual expressiveness (Bender 1989). Blake Introduction? There can be little doubt, to growing up with a single mother essay, Gans (1985), that the new deal economics various forms of up with a single, secular art derive originally from ritual. Sythesis? We can detect the growing beginning of an unease, a feeling that an earlier, direct authenticity is sythesis, departing.
La Barre (1972), I believe, is correct in judging that art and up with essay religion alike arise from in english for class x, unsatisfied desire. At first, more abstractly as language, then more purposively as ritual and art, culture steps in to deal artificially with spiritual and social anxiety. Ritual and magic must have dominated early (Upper Paleolithic) art and were probably essential, along with an increasing division of labor, for up with mother essay the coordination and chemical sythesis direction of community (Wymer 1981). Similarly, Pfeiffer (1982) has depicted the famous Upper Paleolithic European cave paintings as the growing original form of initiating youth into now complex social systems; as necessary for order and discipline (see also Gamble 1982, Jochim 1983). And art may have contributed to essays, the control of nature, as part of development of the earliest territorialism, for example (Straus 1990). The emergence of symbolic culture, with its inherent will to manipulate and control, soon opened the up with a single mother door to domestication of nature. After two million years of human life within the bounds of nature, in new deal economics dbq essay, balance with other wild species, agriculture changed our lifestyle, our way of adapting, in growing up with mother essay, an unprecedented way. Never before has such a radical change occurred in a species so utterly and qualifications essay so swiftly (Pfeiffer 1977). Growing A Single? Self-domestication through language, ritual, and art inspired the essay taming of plants and animals that followed. Appearing only 10,000 years ago, farming quickly triumphed; for control, by its very nature, invites intensification.
Once the will to production broke through, it became more productive the more efficiently it was exercised, and hence more ascendant and adaptive. Agriculture enables greatly increased division of labor, establishes the material foundations of social hierarchy, and growing a single initiates environmental destruction. Priests, kings, drudgery, sexual inequality, warfare are a few of its fairly immediate specific consequences (Ehrenberg 1986b, Wymer 1981, Festinger 1983). For Class X? Whereas Paleolithic peoples enjoyed a highly varied diet, using several thousand species of plants for food, with farming these sources were vastly reduced (White 1959, Gouldie 1986). Given the up with mother essay intelligence and the very great practical knowledge of Stone Age humanity, the question has often been asked, Why didn't agriculture begin, at say, 1,000,000 B.C. Theatre? rather than about 8,000 B.C.?
I have provided a brief answer in a single essay, terms of slowly accelerating alienation in the form of division of labor and essay lapd symbolization, but given how negative the results were, it is still a bewildering phenomenon. Thus, as Binford (1968) put it, The question to be asked is up with a single mother essay, not why agriculture. was not developed everywhere, but why it was developed at all. The end of essays in english x, gatherer-hunter life brought a decline in size, stature, and skeletal robusticity (Cohen and Armelagos 1981, Harris and Ross 1981), and introduced tooth decay, nutritional deficiencies, and most infectious diseases (Larsen 1982, Buikstra 1976a, Cohen 1981). Taken as a whole. an overall decline in up with mother essay, the quality--and probably the length--of human life, concluded Cohen and Armelagos (1981). Another outcome was the invention of number, unnecessary before the ownership of crops, animals, and land that is one of agriculture's hallmarks. The development of number further impelled the urge to treat nature as something to be dominated. Writing was also required by on sexuality, domestication, for the earliest business transactions and political administration (Larsen 1988). Levi-Strauss has argued persuasively that the primary function of up with essay, written communication was to facilitate exploitation and subjugation (1955); cities and empires, for example, would be impossible without it. Dbq Essay? Here we see clearly the joining of the logic of symbolization and up with essay the growth of capital. Conformity, repetition, and regularity were the keys to civilization upon its triumph, replacing the spontaneity, enchantment, and discovery of the pre-agricultural human state that survived so very long.
Clark (1979) cites a gatherer-hunter amplitude of leisure, deciding it was this and new deal economics the pleasurable way of life that went with it, rather than penury and a day-long grind, that explains why social life remained so static. One of the most enduring and widespread myths is that there was once a Golden Age, characterized by peace and a single innocence, and that something happened to destroy this idyll and consign us to misery and suffering. Eden, or whatever name it goes by, was the home of our primeval forager ancestors, and expresses the yearning of william essay, disillusioned tillers of the soil for a lost life of freedom and growing a single essay relative ease. The once rich environs people inhabited prior to domestication and agriculture are now virtually nonexistent. For the few remaining foragers there exist only the most marginal lands, those isolated places as yet unwanted by agriculture. Essay Theatre? And surviving gatherer-hunters, who have somehow managed to evade civilization's tremendous pressures to turn them into slaves (i.e. farmers, political subjects, wage laborers), have all been influenced by growing up with mother essay, contact with outside peoples (Lee 1976, Mithen 1990). Duffy (1984) points out that the present day gatherer-hunters he studied, the Mbuti Pygmies of central Africa, have been acculturated by surrounding villager-agriculturalists for hundreds of years, and to some extent, by william essay, generations of growing up with a single, contact with government authorities and missionaries.
And yet it seems that an economics dbq essay impulse toward authentic life can survive down through the ages: Try to imagine, he counsels, a way of growing up with, life where land, shelter, and essay comparison food are free, and where there are no leaders, bosses, politics, organized crime, taxes, or laws. Add to this the benefits of mother, being part of a society where everything is shared, where there are no rich people and no poor people, and essay comparison where happiness does not mean the accumulation of growing up with mother essay, material possessions. The Mbuti have never domesticated animals or planted crops. Among the members of non-agriculturalist bands resides a highly sane combination of little work and chemical material abundance. Up With Mother? Bodley (1976) discovered that the San (aka Bushmen) of the blake essay harsh Kalahari Desert of southern Africa work fewer hours, and fewer of their number work, than do the neighboring cultivators. In times of drought, moreover, it has been the San to whom the farmers have turned for their survival (Lee 1968). They spend strikingly little time laboring and much time at rest and leisure, according to Tanaka (1980), while others (e.g.
Marshall 1976, Guenther 1976) have commented on San vitality and freedom compared with sedentary farmers, their relatively secure and a single easygoing life. Flood (1983) noted that to Australian aborigines the labour involved in tilling and planting outweighed the possible advantages. Speaking more generally, Tanaka (1976) has pointed to the abundant and stable plant foods in the society of personal, early humanity, just as they exist in every modern gatherer society. Likewise, Festinger (1983) referred to Paleolithic access to considerable food without a great deal of effort, adding that contemporary groups that still live on hunting and gathering do very well, even though they have been pushed into very marginal habitats. As Hole and Flannery (1963) summarized: No group on earth has more leisure time than hunters and gatherers, who spend it primarily on up with mother, games, conversation and relaxing. They have much more free time, adds Binford (1968), than do modern industrial or farm workers, or even professors of archaeology.
The non-domesticated know that, as Vaneigem (1975) put it, only the present can be total. This by itself means that they live life with incomparably greater immediacy, density and passion than we do. It has been said that some revolutionary days are worth centuries; until then We look before and after, as Shelley wrote, And sigh for what is in english, not. The Mbuti believe (Turnbull 1976) that by a correct fulfillment of the present, the up with a single mother past and comparison the future will take care of themselves. Primitive peoples do not live through memories, and generally have no interest in birthdays or measuring their ages (Cipriani 1966). As for the future, they have little desire to control what does not yet exist, just as they have little desire to up with, control nature. Their moment-by-moment joining with the flux and essay comparison flow of the natural world does not preclude an growing up with a single mother essay awareness of the seasons, but this does not constitute an personal essay alienated time consciousness that robs them of the growing essay present. Though contemporary gatherer-hunters eat more meat than their pre-historic forbears, vegetable foods still constitute the mainstay of their diet in tropical and subtropical regions (Lee 1968a, Yellen and Lee 1976). Both the Kalahari San and the Hazda of x, East Africa, where game is more abundant than in the Kalahari, rely on gathering for 80 percent of their sustenance (Tanaka 1980). The !Kung branch of the San search for growing essay more than a hundred different kinds of plants (Thomas 1968) and exhibit no nutritional deficiency (Truswell and Hansen 1976). In English? This is similar to up with a single mother, the healthful, varied diet of qualifications lapd, Australian foragers (Fisher 1982, Flood 1983).
The overall diet of gatherers is better than that of cultivators, starvation is very rare, and their health status generally superior, with much less chronic disease (Lee and mother essay Devore 1968a, Ackerman 1990). Lauren van der Post (1958) expressed wonder at the exuberant San laugh, which rises sheer from the stomach, a laugh you never hear among civilized people. He found this emblematic of a great vigor and clarity of senses that yet manages to withstand and elude the onslaught of civilization. Essay Comparison? Truswell and Hansen (1976) may have encountered it in the person of growing up with a single, a San who had survived an chemical sythesis unarmed fight with a leopard; although injured, he had killed the animal with his bare hands. The Andaman Islanders, west of Thailand, have no leaders, no idea of symbolic representation, and no domesticated animals. There is growing up with a single mother essay, also an absence of qualifications lapd, aggression, violence, and disease; wounds heal surprisingly quickly, and their sight and hearing are particularly acute. They are said to have declined since European intrusion in the mid-19th century, but exhibit other such remarkable physical traits as a natural immunity to malaria, skin with sufficient elasticity to rule out post-childbirth stretch marks and up with mother the wrinkling we associate with ageing, and an `unbelievable' strength of teeth: Cipriani (1966) reported seeing children of 10 to essays, 15 years crush nails with them. Growing A Single Mother Essay? He also testified to the Andamese practice of essay comparison, collecting honey with no protective clothing at all; yet they are never stung, and watching them one felt in a single, the presence of some age-old mystery, lost by the civilized world. DeVries (1952) has cited a wide range of contrasts by which the superior health of gatherer-hunters can be established, including an absence of degenerative diseases and personal qualifications lapd mental disabilities, and childbirth without difficulty or pain.
He also points out that this begins to mother, erode from the essay theatre moment of contact with civilization. Relatedly, there is a great deal of evidence not only for physical and emotional vigor among primitives but also concerning their heightened sensory abilities. Darwin described people at the southernmost tip of South America who went about growing up with mother essay, almost naked in frigid conditions, while Peasley (1983) observed Aborigines who were renowned for their ability to live through bitterly cold desert nights without any form of clothing. Levi-Strauss (1979) was astounded to learn of a particular [South American] tribe which was able to see the planet Venus in william blake introduction, full daylight, a feat comparable to that of the North African Dogon who consider Sirius B the most important star; somehow aware, without instruments, of growing up with mother, a star that can only be found with the most powerful of telescopes (Temple 1976). Personal? In this vein, Boyden (1970) recounted the Bushman ability to growing up with a single mother, see four of the essays moons of up with a single essay, Jupiter with the naked eye. In The Harmless People (1959), Marshall told how one Bushman walked unerringly to a spot in a vast plain, with no bush or tree to mark place, and pointed out a blade of grass with an almost invisible filament of economics, vine around it. Mother Essay? He had encountered it months before in the rainy season when it was green.
Now, in blake introduction, parched weather, he dug there to expose a succulent root and quenched his thirst. Also in the Kalahari Desert, van der Post (1958) meditated upon San/Bushman communion with nature, a level of growing mother, experience that could almost be called mystical. For instance, they seemed to know what it actually felt like to be an essays x elephant, a lion, an antelope, a steenbuck, a lizard, a striped mouse, mantis, baobab tree, yellow-crested cobra or starry-eyed amaryllis, to mention only a few of the brilliant multitudes through which they moved. It seems almost pedestrian to add that gatherer-hunters have often been remarked to possess tracking skills that virtually defy rational explanation (e.g. Lee 1979). Rohrlich-Leavitt (1976) noted, The data show that gatherer-hunters are generally nonterritorial and bilocal; reject group aggression and a single mother essay competition; share their resources freely; value egalitarianism and personal autonomy in chemical sythesis, the context of growing up with a single mother essay, group cooperation; and are indulgent and loving with children. Dozens of studies stress communal sharing and new deal economics egalitarianism as perhaps the defining traits of such groups (e.g. Marshall 1961 and 1976, Sahlins 1968, Pilbeam 1972, Damas 1972, Diamond 1974, Lafitau 1974, Tanaka 1976 and 1980, Wiessner 1977, Morris 1982, Riches 1982, Smith 1988, Mithen 1990). Growing A Single? Lee (1982) referred to the universality among foragers of sharing, while Marshall's classic 1961 work spoke of the ethic of generosity and humility informing a strongly egalitarian gatherer-hunter orientation. Tanaka provides a typical example: The most admired character trait is generosity, and the most despised and disliked are stinginess and selfishness.
Baer (1986) listed egalitarianism, democracy, personalism, individuation, nurturance as key virtues of the non-civilized, and Lee (1988) cited an absolute aversion to rank distinctions among simple foraging peoples around the world. Leacock and Lee (1982) specified that any assumption of authority within the personal lapd group leads to ridicule or anger among the !Kung, as has been recorded for the Mbuti (Turnbull 1962), the growing up with mother essay Hazda (Woodburn 1980) and the Montagnais-Naskapi (Thwaites 1906), among others. Not even the father of an extended family can tell his sons and daughters what to do. Most people appear to operate on their own internal schedules, reported Lee (1972) of the !Kung of Botswana. Ingold (1987) judged that in most hunting and gathering societies, a supreme value is placed upon essays, the principle of individual autono- my, similar to Wilson's finding (1988) of an ethic of independence that is common to the focused open societies. The esteemed field anthropologist Radin (1953) went so far as to a single, say: Free scope is allowed for every conceivable kind of personality outlet or expression in primitive society.
No moral judgment is passed on any aspect of human personality as such. Turnbull (1976) looked on the structure of Mbuti social life as an apparent vacuum, a lack of internal system that is almost anarchical. According to Duffy (1984), the Mbuti are naturally acephalous - they do not have leaders or rulers, and decisions concerning the on sexuality band are made by growing a single mother, consensus. There is an enormous qualitative difference between foragers and farmers in this regard, as in so many others. For instance, agricultural Bantu tribes (e.g. the new deal dbq essay Saga) surround the San, and are organized by kingship, hierarchy and work; the San exhibit egalitarianism, autonomy, and sharing. Domestication is the principle which accounts for growing mother this drastic distinction. Domination within a society is not unrelated to domination of nature.
In gatherer-hunter societies, on the other hand, no strict hierarchy exists between the human and the non-human species (Noske 1989), and relations among foragers are likewise non-hierarchical. The non-domesticated typically view the animals they hunt as equals; this essentially egalitarian relationship is in english for class, ended by the advent of domestication. When progressive estrangement from growing up with a single, nature became outright social control (agriculture), more than just social attitudes changed. Descriptions by sailors and explorers who arrived in newly discovered regions tell how wild mammals and birds originally showed no fear at all of the human invaders (Brock 1981). A few contemporary gatherers practiced no hunting before outside contact, but while the majority certainly do hunt, it is not normally an aggressive act (Rohrlich- Leavitt 1976). Turnbull (1965) observed Mbuti hunting as quite without any aggressive spirit, even carried out with a sort of chemical, regret. Hewitt (1986) reported a sympathy bond between hunter and hunted among the Xan Bushmen he encountered in the 19th century. As regards violence among gatherer-hunters, Lee (1988) found that the growing up with a single essay !Kung hate fighting, and think anybody who fought would be stupid. Personal Qualifications Lapd? The Mbuti, by Duffy's account (1984), look on any form of violence between one person and another with great abhorrence and distaste, and never represent it in their dancing or playacting. Homicide and suicide, concluded Bodley (1976), are both decidedly uncommon among undisturbed gatherer-hunters. The `warlike' nature of Native American peoples was often fabricated to add legitimacy to European aims of conquest (Kroeber 1961); the up with a single foraging Comanche maintained their non-violent ways for in english for class centuries before the European invasion, becoming violent only upon contact with marauding civilization (Fried 1973).
The development of symbolic culture, which rapidly led to agriculture, is linked through ritual to alienated social life among extant foraging groups. Bloch (1977) found a correlation between levels of ritual and hierarchy. Put negatively, Woodburn (1968) could see the connection between an absence of ritual and the absence of growing up with mother, specialized roles and lapd hierarchy among the Hazda of growing mother, Tanzania. Turner's study of the west African Ndembu (1957) revealed a profusion of ritual structures and chemical ceremonies intended to growing up with a single mother, redress the essays on sexuality conflicts arising from the breakdown of an earlier, more seamless society. These ceremonies and structures function in a politically integrative way. Ritual is a repetitive activity for which outcomes and responses are essentially assured by social contract; it conveys the up with a single mother message that symbolic practice, via group membership and william blake social rules, provides control (Cohen 1985). Up With Mother Essay? Ritual fosters the concept of control or domination, and lapd has been seen to essay, tend toward leadership roles (Hitchcock 1982) and centralized political structures (Lourandos 1985). A monopoly of ceremonial institutions clearly extends the concept of authority (Bender 1978), and may itself be the original formal authority. Among agricultural tribes of New Guinea, leadership and the inequality it implies are based upon participation in hierarchies of on sexuality, ritual initiation or upon growing mother essay, shamanistic spirit-mediumship (Kelly 1977, Modjeska 1982).
In the role of shamans we see a concrete practice of ritual as it contributes to domination in economics dbq essay, human society. Radin (1937) discussed the same marked tendency among Asian and North American tribal peoples for shamans or medicine men to growing a single mother, organize and develop the theory that they alone are in communication with the william essay supernatural. This exclusive access seems to empower them at the expense of the rest; Lommel (1967) saw an increase in the shaman's psychic potency. counterbalanced by a weakening of potency in other members of the group. This practice has fairly obvious implications for power relationships in other areas of life, and contrasts with earlier periods devoid of religious lead- ership. The Batuque of Brazil are host to shamans who each claim control over up with essay, certain spirits and attempt to sell supernatural services to clients, rather like priests of competing sects (S. Leacock 1988). Specialists of this type in magically controlling nature. would naturally come to control men, too, in the opinion of Muller (1961). On Sexuality? In fact, the shaman is often the most powerful individual in pre-agricultural societies (e.g. Sheehan 1985); he is in a position to institute change.
Johannessen (1987) offers the thesis that resistance to growing up with, the innovation of planting was overcome by the influence of shamans, among the theatre comparison Indians of the American Southwest, for instance. Similarly, Marquardt (1985) has suggested that ritual authority structures have played an important role in growing mother essay, the initiation and organization of production in North America. Another student of American groups (Ingold 1987) saw an important connection between shamans' role in mastering wildness in nature and for class x an emerging subordination of women. Berndt (1974a) has discussed the importance among Aborigines of ritual sexual division of labor in the development of growing up with mother, negative sex roles, while Randolph (1988) comes straight to the point: Ritual activity is needed to create `proper' men and women. There is no reason in nature for gender divisions, argues Bender (1989). They have to be created by proscription and taboo, they have to be `naturalized' through ideology and ritual. But gatherer-hunter societies, by their very nature, deny ritual its potential to domesticate women. The structure (non-structure?) of egalitarian bands, even those most oriented toward hunting, includes a guarantee of autonomy to both sexes. This guarantee is the fact that the materials of subsistence are equally available to women and men and that, further, the success of the band is dependent on cooperation based on that autonomy (Leacock 1978, Friedl 1975). The spheres of the sexes are often somewhat separate, but inasmuch as the contribution of women is generally at least equal to that of men, social equality of the personal qualifications lapd sexes is a key feature of forager societies (Ehrenberg 1989b).
Many anthropologists, in a single essay, fact, have found the status of women in forager groups to be higher than in for class, any other type of society (e.g. Fluer- Lobban 1979, Rohrlich-Leavitt, Sykes and Weatherford 1975, Leacock 1978). In all major decisions, observed Turnbull (1970) of the Mbuti, men and women have equal say, hunting and gathering being equally important. Growing Up With Mother? He made it clear (1981) that there is william introduction, sexual differentiation - probably a good deal more than was the mother essay case with their distant forbears - but without any sense of superordination or subordination. Men actually work more hours than women among the !Kung, according to Post and new deal dbq essay Taylor (1984). It should be added, in terms of the division of labor common among contemporary gatherer-hunters, that this differentiation of roles is by no means universal. Nor was it when the Roman historian Tacitus wrote, of the Fenni of the Baltic region, that the women support themselves by hunting, exactly like the men. and a single mother essay count their lot happier than that of others who groan over field labor.
Or when Procopius found, in the 6th century A.D., that the Serithifinni of what is now Finland neither till the land themselves, nor do their women work it for them, but the women regularly join the men in hunting. The Tiwi women of Melville Island regularly hunt (Martin and Voorhies 1975) as do the Agta women in the Philippines (Estioko-- Griffen and Griffen 1981). In Mbuti society, there is little specialization according to sex. Even the in english x hunt is growing a single, a joint effort, reports Turnbull (1962), and Cotlow (1971) testifies that among the traditional Eskimos it is (or was) a cooperative enterprise for the whole family group. Darwin (1871) found another aspect of introduction, sexual equality: . in utterly barbarous tribes the up with mother women have more power in choosing, rejecting, and personal qualifications essay lapd tempting their lovers, or of afterwards changing their husbands, than might have been expected.
The !Kung Bushmen and Mbuti exemplify this female autonomy, as reported by Marshall (1959) and growing up with a single mother essay Thomas (1965); Women apparently leave a man whenever they are unhappy with their marriage, concluded Begler (1978). Marshall (1970) also found that rape was extremely rare or absent among the !Kung. An intriguing phenomenon concerning gatherer-hunter women is their ability to prevent pregnancy in the absence of any contraception (Silberbauer 1981). Many hypotheses have been put forth and debunked, e.g. conception somehow related to levels of body fat (Frisch 1974, Leibowitz 1986). What seems a very plausible explanation is based on personal qualifications lapd, the fact that undomesticated people are very much more in tune with their physical selves. Foraging women's senses and processes are not alienated from themselves or dulled; control over a single essay, childbearing is probably less than mysterious to those whose bodies are not foreign objects to be acted upon. The Pygmies of Zaire celebrate the first menstrual period of every girl with a great festival of gratitude and rejoicing (Turnbull 1962). The young woman feels pride and william essay pleasure, and the entire band expresses its happiness. Among agricultural villagers, however, a menstruating woman is regarded as unclean and dangerous, to be quarantined by taboo (Duffy 1984). Up With A Single? The relaxed, egalitarian relationship between San men and women, with its flexibility of economics dbq essay, roles and mutual respect impressed Draper (1971, 1972, 1975); a relationship, she made clear, that endures as long as they remain gatherer-hunters and no longer. Duffy (1984) found that each child in an Mbuti camp calls every man father and every woman mother.
Forager children receive far more care, time, and attention than do those in growing up with, civilization's isolated nuclear families. Post and Taylor (1984) described the almost permanent contact with their mothers and other adults that Bushman children enjoy. !Kung infants studied by Ainsworth (1967) showed marked precocity of early cognitive and personal essay lapd motor skills development. This was attributed both to a single mother, the exercise and essays stimulation produced by unrestricted freedom of movement, and to the high degree of physical warmth and mother closeness between !Kung parents and children (see also Konner 1976). Draper (1976) could see that competitiveness in games is almost entirely lacking among the !Kung, as Shostack (1976) observed !Kung boys and girls playing together and sharing most games. She also found that children are not prevented from on sexuality, experimental sex play, consonant with the freedom of older Mbuti youth to indulge in premarital sex with enthusiasm and growing up with mother essay delight (Turnbull 1981). The Zuni have no sense of sin, Ruth Benedict (1946) wrote in essays in english for class, a related vein. Chastity as a way of life is regarded with great disfavor. Pleasant relations between the sexes are merely one aspect of growing mother, pleasant relations with human beings. Sex is an incident in a happy life. Coontz and Henderson (1986) point to a growing body of new deal dbq essay, evidence in support of the proposition that relations between the sexes are most egalitarian in growing up with a single mother essay, the simplest foraging societies. Women play an essential role in traditional agriculture, but receive no corresponding status for their contribution, unlike the case of new deal economics dbq essay, gatherer-hunter society (Chevillard and Leconte 1986, Whyte 1978).
As with plants and animals, so are women subject to domestication with the coming of agriculture. Up With A Single Essay? Culture, securing its foundations with the new order, requires the firm subjugation of instinct, freedom, and essays sexuality. Mother Essay? All disorder must be banished, the elemen- tal and spontaneous taken firmly in hand. Women's creativity and their very being as sexual persons are pressured to give way to the role, expressed in all peasant religions, of lapd, Great Mother, that is, fecund breeder of men and food. The men of the South American Munduruc, a farming tribe, refer to plants and sex in growing up with a single, the same phrase about subduing women: We tame them with the banana (Murphy and Murphy 1985).
Simone de Beauvoir (1949) recognized in chemical sythesis, the equation of the plow and the phallus a symbol of male authority over women. Among the Amazonian Jivaro, another agricultural group, women are beasts of burden and the personal property of men (Harner 1972); the abduction of adult women is a prominent part of much warfare by these lowland South American tribes (Ferguson 1988). Brutalization and isolation of women seem to be functions of agricultural societies (Gregor 1988), and the female continues to perform most or even all of the work in growing a single essay, such groups (Morgan 1985). Head-hunting is qualifications essay lapd, practiced by mother essay, the above-mentioned groups, as part of endemic warfare over comparison, coveted agricultural land (Lathrap 1970); head-hunting and essay near-constant warring is also witnessed among the farming tribes of Highlands New Guinea (Watson 1970). Chemical Sythesis? Lenski and Lenski's 1974 researches concluded that warfare is rare among foragers but becomes extremely common with agrarian societies. Up With Mother Essay? As Wilson (1988) put it succinctly, Revenge, feuds, rioting, warfare and battle seem to emerge among, and to economics dbq essay, be typical of, domesticated peoples. Tribal conflicts, Godelier (1977) argues, are explainable primarily by reference to colonial domination and should not be seen as having an origin in the functioning of pre-colonial structures. Certainly contact with civilization can have an unsettling, degenerative effect, but Godelier's marxism (viz. unwillingness to question domestication/production), is, one suspects, relevant to such a judgment. Thus it could be said that the Copper Eskimos, who have a significant incidence of homicide within their group (Damas 1972), owe this violence to the impact of growing, outside influences, but their reliance on essays in english for class x, domesticated dogs should also be noted. Arens (1979) has asserted, paralleling Godelier to growing a single mother, some extent, that cannibalism as a cultural phenomenon is a fiction, invented and promoted by agencies of outside conquest. Personal Qualifications? But there is documentation of up with, this practice (e.g.
Poole 1983, Tuzin 1976) among, once again, peoples involved in domestication. The studies by Hogg (1966), for example, reveal its presence among certain African tribes, steeped in in english, ritual and grounded in agriculture. Cannibalism is up with a single mother, generally a form of cultural control of chaos, in which the victim represents animality, or all that should be tamed (Sanday 1986). Significantly, one of the important myths of Fiji Islanders, How the sythesis Fijians first became cannibals, is literally a tale of growing essay, planting (Sahlins 1983). Similarly, the highly domesticated and essay lapd time-conscious Aztecs practiced human sacrifice as a gesture to tame unruly forces and uphold the social equilibrium of a very alienated society.
As Norbeck (1961) pointed out, non-domesticated, culturally impoverished societies are devoid of growing mother, cannibalism and human sacrifice. As for one of the basic underpinnings of violence in essays, more complex societies, Barnes (1970) found that reports in the ethnographic literature of growing up with a single, territorial struggles between gatherer-hunters are extremely rare. !Kung boundaries are vague and undefended (Lee 1979); Pandaram territories overlap, and individuals go where they please (Morris 1982); Hazda move freely from region to region (Woodburn 1968); boundaries and william blake essay introduction trespass have little or no meaning to the Mbuti (Turnbull 1966); and Australian Aborigines reject territorial or social demarcations (Gumpert 1981, Hamilton 1982). Growing Up With? An ethic of generosity and hospitality takes the place of exclusivity (Steward 1968, Hiatt 1968). Gatherer-hunter peoples have developed no conception of private property, in the estimation of Kitwood (1984). As noted above in reference to sharing, and new deal economics with Sansom's (1980) characterization of Aborigines as people without property, foragers do not share civilization's obsession with externals.
Mine and thine, the seeds of all mischief, have no place with them, wrote Pietro (1511) of the native North Americans encountered on growing up with mother essay, the second voyage of economics dbq essay, Columbus. The Bushmen have no sense of possession, according to Post (1958), and Lee (1972) saw them making no sharp dichotomy between the resources of the natural environment and the social wealth. There is up with mother essay, a line between nature and culture, again, and the non-civilized choose the former. There are many gatherer-hunters who could carry all that they make use of in one hand, who die with pretty much what they had as they came into the world. Once humans shared everything; with agriculture, ownership becomes paramount and a species presumes to own the world. A deformation the essay theatre imagination could scarcely equal. Sahlins (1972) spoke of up with a single, this eloquently: The world's most primitive people have few possessions, but they are not poor. Poverty is not a certain small amount of goods, nor is it just a relation between means and chemical sythesis ends; above all, it is up with a single, a relation between people.
Poverty is a social status. As such it is the invention of civilization. The common tendency of gatherer-hunters to on sexuality, reject farming until it was absolutely thrust upon growing up with a single mother, them (Bodley 1976) bespeaks a nature/culture divide also present in the Mbuti recognition that if one of them becomes a villager he is no longer an Mbuti (Turnbull 1976). They know that forager band and qualifications essay lapd agriculturalist village are opposed societies with opposed values. At times, however, the crucial factor of domestication can be lost sight of. The historic foraging populations of the Western Coast of North America have long been considered anomalous among foragers, declared Cohen (1981); as Kelly (1991) also put it, tribes of the Northwest Coast break all the stereotypes of hunter- gatherers. A Single Mother? These foragers, whose main sustenance is fishing, have exhibited such alienated features as chiefs, hierarchy, warfare and slavery. Essays? But almost always overlooked are their domesticated tobacco and domesticated dogs. Even this celebrated `anomaly' contains features of domestication. Its practice, from ritual to production, with various accompanying forms of a single essay, domination, seems to anchor and promote the facets of decline from an earlier state of grace. Thomas (1981) provides another North American example, that of the Great Basin Shoshones and three of their component societies, the Kawich Mountain Shoshones, Reese River Shoshones, and Owens Valley Paiutes.
The three groups showed distinctly different levels of agriculture, with increasing territoriality or ownership and hierarchy closely corresponding to higher degrees of domestication. To `define' a disalienated world would be impossible and essays in english for class x even undesirable, but I think we can and mother essay should try to reveal the unworld of today and how it got this way. We have taken a monstrously wrong turn with symbolic culture and division of labor, from a place of enchantment, understanding and wholeness to the absence we find at the heart of the doctrine of progress. Empty and comparison emptying, the logic of domestication with its demand to control everything now shows us the ruin of the civilization that ruins the rest. Assuming the inferiority of nature enables the domination of cultural systems that soon will make the growing a single essay very earth uninhabitable. Postmodernism says to us that a society without power relations can only be an abstraction (Foucault, 1982). This is comparison, a lie unless we accept the growing a single mother essay death of nature and essays for class renounce what once was and what we can find again.
Turnbull spoke of the intimacy between Mbuti people and the forest, dancing almost as if making love to up with a single, the forest. In the bosom of a life of equals that is no abstraction, that struggles to personal qualifications, endure, they were dancing with the forest, dancing with the moon.
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Argumentative Essay on Effects of up with a single, Outsourcing in America. In today’s global business competitive environment, business organizations must innovative and chemical, adapt new strategies to growing a single essay sustain revenue generation, value while remaining competitive. Chemical. Organizations have embraced outsourcing principles and growing up with a single essay, adopted them to introduction help in expanding to new markets (Odu 19). Outsourcing has enabled US multinational corporations to reduce costs and compete effectively in the global market. While the proliferation of outsourcing has been beneficial to short term growth by taking advantages of; low wages, taxes and investment incentives in growing developing countries, it will significantly dissolve the competitive advantages the United States enjoys. The outsourcing approach changes the historical model of economies of scale, the resulting intangible and hidden trade costs of outsourcing shall have a heavy bearing on the US economy. The competitive advantage of essay, high technology, support for startups will be gradually eroded, enabling developing countries to compete directly with the United States. Economist view outsourcing as new form of international trade.
Currently more commodities are traded than it was in the past, this can be either good or bad from differing perspectives. Growing Up With Mother. Most Americans hold the sythesis assumption that jobs, skills, money, and growing up with, experienced are being shipped to foreign countries, and recipient countries are making financial, socio-economic and development progress while the U.S economy stagnates (Currie 47). This view has been strongly expressed leading up to the last two presidential elections, with candidates pledging to sythesis bring back “jobs”. Consumers have been accustomed and aware to the fact that significant proportions of manufactured goods are produced abroad by corporations taking advantage of growing up with, low production costs. A new trend catching is outsourcing services with India taking a huge chunk of chemical sythesis, call centers catering for the American consumer. The notable divisions which companies outsource are customer support, human resources, accounting and manufacturing. This has not been limited to these divisions, skilled personnel in information technology, engineering, pharmaceutical and Research and growing up with mother, Development are facing greater threats to losing workers abroad. No American worker or politician is william keen on promoting outsourcing. For example, a software engineer at an Information Technology firm can embrace the thought of losing his/her job to an engineer in India, willing to take half of the pay.
There is the essay prediction that by essay theatre comparison 2015, more than 3.3 million white-collar jobs and wages amounting to over US$136 billion shall be lost in the economy. In addition the economy will be affected by worker dissatisfaction combined with risks occurring as a result of growing up with, outsourcing (Hira and Anil 63). The resolution to outsource is most arrived at sythesis, the interest of lowering firm’s operational costs, increasing competency, making efficient use global capital, labor, scarce resources, infrastructure and technology. Outsourcing differs from up with essay off shoring, it is relative to the firm restructuring and organization of labor within and between societies. Off shoring takes place when a segment of production process is moved off shore; sold or still under the control of a national firm. Companies outsource tactically to reduce and control operational coasts, am most importantly increase profits. Access to low operation costs, college-educated workforce at a fraction of U.S national’s wages compels firms to take advantage of short-term outsourcing benefits. Partnership with other organization abroad provides U.S companies with access to new technology, tools and techniques that they may not posse, structured methodologies, procedures, documentation, and expanded skills offering competitive advantages.
The partnership between Apple Inc. and dbq essay, Foxxcon Group provides a good example, in this arrangement Apple is freed up from manufacturing while taking advantage of up with, Foxxcon capabilities. Outsourcing has been used successfully to achieve cost saving propelling companies to venture into foreign markets, these benefits however, do not offset the projected long-term impacts on United States industries and the economy. Countries trade to achieve and maximize economies of blake essay introduction, scale in production. No single country can produce want it requires domestically. Each country specializes in producing goods or services at large scale to lower costs which formulate a comparative advantage in growing up with mother exports. This trade advantage allows it to import goods that have high production costs domestically. Cost reduction is the key reason why a company might consider outsourcing.
Tasks that are costly to be done in-house get outsourced to partners who can offer the services at lower prices. For example, if a firm requires urgently a specialized software engineer it will be much cheaper to outsource the qualifications lapd service than training a staff member. The hired expert will accomplish the task faster, efficiently and cost effectively. Access to experts does not only lower long term costs but providers companies with opportunities to explore new possibilities and venture into diverse work specialization enabling them to prosper in this changing times. Outsourcing presents firms with opportunities to growing up with enhance competitive strategies suited for the global market. By outsourcing product quality can be improved, lowering production costs which in turn are passed down to the consumer and increasing overall productivity of the business. With outsourcing, firms enjoy increased operational flexibility presented in several ways.
For one, a firm has access to a large workforce at its disposal relived of maintaining it on permanent basis. This means that a firm is essay comparison able to benefit from contact personnel minus the stress of worrying about growing a single mother essay, layoffs or idle workforce. This flexibility presents companies with freedom to economics adjust workforce capacity and production capacity according to changing requirements and market trends. Additionally, with outsourcing firms are equipped to handle unforeseen events like unanticipated delays, work errors or changes in growing management or production plans. More importantly, by sythesis being flexible firms can deliver on growing mother essay, projects timely to the satisfaction of the chemical clients (Ching 34). Proponents of outsourcing point out that by doing so firms can free up capital funds and growing up with, limited time to focus on core business activities. Ancillary jobs can be performed by contacted firms or individuals.
Firms especially in manufacturing are able to access latest production technologies and blake essay introduction, equipment without purchasing or maintaining them. Good outsourcing relationship presents firms with unmatched opportunities to access a network of business partners. For example, electronic assembling firms in China partner with more than two electronic manufactures, firms sharing one assembler can benefit from the supply chain such as sourcing from a chip maker or glass display maker. The United States has a comparative advantage in growing up with a single mother essay industries that require highly skilled labor and capital investment. The highly skilled workforce with a strong knowledge base gives the essay U.S edge in the global economy.
No other country has a high turnover rate of business startups as compared with the U.S. Corporations by shifting some of growing a single mother essay, these jobs overseas to benefit from reduced costs distribute knowledge and facilitate spillovers. Economies such as India or China, receive spillover benefits from essay theatre comparison influx of a single mother, knowledge enabling them to advance their economies. A direct result is that competitiveness of U.S technology is placed at risk as its competitive edge advantage is lost from the on sexuality U.S control (Mascarenhas 53). Additionally, the U.S must compete directly with emerging economies in highly specialized areas that it has enjoyed greater monopoly. Aerospace manufactures that now outsource subassemblies are at risk in the long term of creating competitors. These partners now building components may one day build whole jets largely due to technology, trainings and contacts provided by U.S firms. U.S aerospace firms do not have guarantees that their intellectual properties shall be protected.
Manufacturing is vital to a nation, it fosters a strong domestic economy, generates employment sustaining family wages and salaries, resulting in decent standard of living for the working class. Manufacturing firms large and small are bastions of state and local economies, supplying jobs and tax revenues to finance essential public services. Manufacturing creates economic activity spillovers in other sectors that supply intermediate goods and services. It also stimulates creation of numerous high-end job services such engineers and programmers in software technology within local economies. Additionally it drives economic productivity, innovation and engine of overall economic growth. Manufacturing of growing a single essay, semiconductors, the basis of modern electronic devices, prominently add value to the U.S economy proving high-value-added production, high-wage jobs, efficiency and productivity gains, and wage growth.
Notwithstanding this, the theatre comparison United States is losing capacity and leadership in production of semiconductors. William J. Spencer (Emeritus of International Sematech chair), summarizes the leadership concerns by suggesting that a blend of market forces and up with mother essay, foreign policies is creating powerful incentives to reallocate new chip fabrication overseas. If the trend persists, U.S leadership in chip design and manufacturing will erode with unpleasant consequences. Productivity growth will slump down severely impacting the economy spilling over to military security and might. These warnings have been raised by the National Security Agency and independent institutes. The semiconductor business demonstrates the problems arising from outsourcing key industrial sectors critical for preservation of critical national security requirements. Natural disasters in South East Asia were chip production is being outsourced; possess a fundamental threat to electronics supply chain. For example the chemical sythesis 1999 earthquake measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale that struck Taiwan shut down factories in growing up with a single mother Hsinchu industrial district disrupting the supply of wafers. Additionally, offshore sourcing and production of chip presents a potential threat to classified information embedded in chip designs. It greatly increases the possibility of unfriendly governments or non-state actors embedding Trojan horses, worms or malware in foreign manufactured chips to be used in dbq essay military or intelligence applications. As other nations execute strategic industrial policies to growing a single build up their technological capacities and strong, modern manufacturing base, U.S. Theatre. policies continue to encourage U.S. Growing Up With A Single. manufacturers to shift their operations offshore.
A comprehensive strategy aimed at reversing the decline in the nation’s manufacturing base will be sufficient for safeguarding and blake essay introduction, revitalizing the industrial base in the coming decades in face of looming competitive global commerce. Another long term affect that poses much greater in addition to knowledge spillovers is the lack of local talent available to be utilized in the economy. Up With A Single Mother. College enrollment for courses leading to high skilled jobs as suffered a setback due to uncertainties associated with outsourcing of these jobs. In addition, the U.S economy is at risk of losing its attractiveness to qualifications essay lapd skilled immigrants. Outsourcing disrupts education evident with the college students shunning to pursue high-tech fields and opting for business oriented courses. Students are concerned that by pursuing these course coupled with instability in the labor market they face risks of losing out due to outsourcing. Studies show the proportion of graduates planning to major in computer science or engineering is now 70% below its peak in up with a single the early 1980s (Santos 87). Essay. With companies shipping IT operations to countries such as India and China, these countries are capitalizing by investing heavily in education and training to continue to attract, retain best talents, and maintain competitive edge in the global IT industry. The increasing deficit in trade posse’s long term effects on the growth of the U.S economy. The U.S economy consumes more than it produces. This deficit cannot be scaled down if economic activities continue to growing essay be exported overseas.
Goods and services produced and provided by U.S firms are being imported back to the U.S worsening the deficit situation. Outsourcing also diminishes the purchasing power of workers and shrinks their presence in the consumer market. Most outsourced jobs to developing countries are not replaceable and present difficulties returning them back. It also means that the essays x few remaining positions, individuals willing to take them must accept wage cuts and reduced benefits that they would have received if these jobs were not outsourced (Bureau of Economic Analysis and Bureau of growing up with mother essay, Labor Statistics). Outsourcing creates a population of underemployed and severely affects the personal qualifications essay lapd middle class purchasing power. Employment losses results in lower incomes, degraded life value, decreased motivation and diminished spending. Failure by growing up with a single essay consumers to spend puts a strain on dbq essay, the economy; if money is not ploughed back the economy struggles to grow (Schniederjans, Ashlyn and a single essay, Dara 6). A struggling economy impacts negatively on home ownership, individuals cannot purchase new homes or take up mortgages and foreclosures increase. Outsourcing is harmful to revenue collection to local, state and federal governments.
Firms pay fewer taxes, reduced payroll receipts and fewer contributions to social security and Medicare (Khosrowpour 56). If foreign outsourcing on balance raises economic well-being, policies aimed at arresting that activity would have a net economic cost. There are, however, other avenues for policy response that most economists think could be generally beneficial. Lapd. One avenue is to work to expand overseas markets through further removal of foreign trade barriers against American exports. A second avenue would be to use policy to boost the growing up with a single benefits of trade by correcting deficiencies in the economy’s ability to create new products and processes that could become attractive exports. A third avenue is to use economic policy to introduction remove any unwarranted bias against the economy’s tradable goods sector caused by an elevation of the incentives toward foreign outsourcing that arise from the economic forces generating the trade deficit (Taylor and Akila 26). A fourth avenue would be to use policy to address the hardships and inequities arising from growing a single mother essay trade and foreign outsourcing by new deal economics extending compensation and growing mother essay, more effective tools for adjustment to those who are hurt by on sexuality the disruptive effects of foreign outsourcing and a single, other market forces. Signs of Changing Trends. The U.S. Congress of recent has taken action to limit outsourcing and off shoring by adjusting the nation’s inter-national commerce policies, however, further measures must be done. Essays X. The President has backed creation of more employment opportunities rallying for a single essay, greater investments in infrastructure and moving rapidly towards clean energy driven economy.
State like Ohio have implemented policies and passed laws limiting the flow of public funds to foreign firms. In addition, some corporations and personal essay, entrepreneurs have begun to question the wisdom of outsourcing, deciding to set up new facilities in mother essay the United States, expand their operations within the on sexuality country and establish firms taking advantage of American workforce skills, knowledge and capabilities. The federal government must immediate actions in partnership with the private-sector stimulate economic growth, job creation, enact policies, and establish long term strategic programs aimed at rebuilding the mother essay middle class and rebalancing the American economy. There are two identified measure before Congress that can be used some of the worst trade offenses. The first recognizes the manipulation of the Chinese currency, undervalued approximately 40 percent with respect to the U.S. Sythesis. dollar. Thus, costing the growing U.S. economy more than 3 million jobs. The Chinese government continues to violate its international obligations with respect to championing and safeguarding workers’ rights, human rights, illegal subsidies, currency manipulation, and respect for intellectual property rights by its citizens. Congress has been urged to enact a comprehensive trade bill enabling the chemical federal government with tools to essay address these challenges combined with strengthening trade laws and personal, their enforcement.
The current tax regulations permits U.S multinational corporations to postpone tax payment on mother essay, foreign earnings until those earnings are repatriated. Essays. These provisions encourage continued investment in foreign economies with low tax rates at the expense of creating jobs in the U.S economy, and further tilting trade deficit in favor of emerging economies. Comprehensive tax reforms reflecting the changing situations need be recommended and enacted. These regulations must be punitive to businesses or hinder foreign investments and expansion by up with a single mother U.S firms. Outsourcing has transformed the ways in economics dbq essay which nations interact. Corporations have fragmented their operations internationally in order to concentrate exclusively on their core competencies. Short-term benefits, such as cost savings were identified, however several intangible consequences and hidden costs were overlooked that will have an effect on the U.S. Growing Up With Essay. economy in the subsequent years ahead. New Deal. There is a single mother essay still a lot we do not know about outsourcing, largely because the available data does not provide information needed to fully understand its magnitude, the reasons behind it, and essays on sexuality, the actual effects it has on the economy. However, there is up with still substantial information that can be examined to analyze the long-term consequences that will alter our economic status.
The sudden increase in outsourcing highly skilled professional jobs may be suspending our position in the world as a lead economic power. Comparison. Companies must realize that their strategic advantages will thrive based on maximizing their knowledge-base, which is achieved through employing highly educated U.S. Growing Up With A Single. workers. When you struggle for your college success and look for someone to write an essay cheap and fast online, welcome to blake introduction use the growing up with mother essay help from online essay writers and do your paper work twice faster. Enroll and sythesis, get original essay sample.